Article : A case study of relationship between GPS PWV and solar Variability during the declining phase of solar cycle 23
Authors : Saenger, E.ETH Zurich Geological Institute, Zurich, Switzerland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Madonna, C.ETH Zurich Geological Institute, Zurich, Switzerland, Almqvist, B.ETH Zurich Geological Institute, Zurich, Switzerland, Montahaei, M.Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, email@example.com, Oskooi, B.Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, firstname.lastname@example.org, Pal, P.Department of Applied Mathematics, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India, email@example.com, Mandal, D.Department of Applied Mathematics, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India, firstname.lastname@example.org, Tsapanos, T.Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Geology, Geophysical Laboratory, Thessaloniki, Greece, email@example.com, Bayrak, Y.Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Geophysics, Trabzon, Turkey, firstname.lastname@example.org, Cinar, H.Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Geophysics, Trabzon, Turkey, email@example.com, Koravos, G.Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, School of Geology, Geophysical Laboratory, Thessaloniki, Greece, firstname.lastname@example.org, Bayrak, E.Karadeniz Technical University, Department of Geophysics, Trabzon, Turkey, email@example.com, Marzec, P.AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics, and Environment Protection, Kraków, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Niepsuj, M.AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics, and Environment Protection, Kraków, Poland, email@example.com, Bała, M.AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics, and Environment Protection, Kraków, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Pietsch, K.AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics, and Environment Protection, Kraków, Poland, email@example.com, Xiao, L.Key Laboratory of Geo-detection (China University of Geosciences), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China, firstname.lastname@example.org, Liu, X.-P.Geological Exploration and Development Research Institute Sichuan-Changqing Drilling and Exploration Engineering Co., Chengdu, China, Zou, C.-C.Key Laboratory of Geo-detection (China University of Geosciences), Ministry of Education, Beijing, China, Hu, X.-X.Geological Exploration and Development Research Institute Sichuan-Changqing Drilling and Exploration Engineering Co., Chengdu, China, Mao, Z. Q.State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources and Prospecting, China University of Petroleum, Beijing, China, Shi, Y.-J.Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Changqing Oilfield, PetroChina, Xi’an, China, Guo, H.-P.Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Changqing Oilfield, PetroChina, Xi’an, China, Li, G.-R.Research Institute of Exploration and Development, Changqing Oilfield, PetroChina, Xi’an, China, Alam, K.Geophysics Division, Geological Survey of Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan, email@example.com, Ahmad, N.Institute of Geology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, firstname.lastname@example.org, Shaban, A.Conseil National des Recherches Scientifiques, Beirut, Lebanon, Telesca, L.Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Metodologie per l’Analisi Ambientale Tito, Italy, email@example.com, Darwich, T.Conseil National des Recherches Scientifiques, Beirut, Lebanon, Amacha, N.Litani River Authority, Beirut, Lebanon, Gac, J.Faculty of Chemical and Process Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Warszawa Poland, J.Gac@ichip.pw.edu.pl, Acharya, N.Center for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India;, firstname.lastname@example.org, Kulkarni, M.Statistical-Research, Skymet Weather Services Pvt. Ltd., Noida, India, Mohanty, U.Center for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India, Singh, A.Center for Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India, Suparta, W.Institute of Space Science (ANGKASA), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia, email@example.com, Fraser, G.Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand,
Abstract : Water vapor plays an important role in the global climate system. A clear relationship between water vapor and solar activity can explain some physical mechanisms of how solar activity influences terrestrial weather/climate changes. To gain insight of this possible relationship, the atmospheric precipitable water vapor (PWV) as the terrestrial climate response was observed by ground-based GPS receivers over the Antarctic stations. The PWV changes analyzed for the period from 2003 to 2008 coincided with the declining phase of solar cycle 23 exhibited following the solar variability trend. Their relationship showed moderate to strong correlation with 0.45 < R2 < 0.93 (p < 0.01), on a monthly basis. This possible relationship suggests that when the solar-coupled geomagnetic activity is stronger, the Earth’s surface will be warmer, as indicated by electrical connection between ionosphere and troposphere.
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Qute : Saenger, E. ,Madonna, C. ,Almqvist, B. ,Montahaei, M. ,Oskooi, B. ,Pal, P. ,Mandal, D. ,Tsapanos, T. ,Bayrak, Y. ,Cinar, H. ,Koravos, G. ,Bayrak, E. ,Marzec, P. ,Niepsuj, M. ,Bała, M. ,Pietsch, K. ,Xiao, L. ,Liu, X.-P. ,Zou, C.-C. ,Hu, X.-X. ,Mao, Z. Q. ,Shi, Y.-J. ,Guo, H.-P. ,Li, G.-R. ,Alam, K. ,Ahmad, N. ,Shaban, A. ,Telesca, L. ,Darwich, T. ,Amacha, N. ,Gac, J. ,Acharya, N. ,Kulkarni, M. ,Mohanty, U. ,Singh, A. ,Suparta, W. ,Fraser, G. ,Fraser, G. , A case study of relationship between GPS PWV and solar Variability during the declining phase of solar cycle 23. Acta Geophysica Vol. 62, no. 1/2014