Journal : Acta Geophysica
Article : A practical model to describe temporal variations in total suspended solids concentrations in highway runoff

Authors :
Nowożyński, K.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, kn@igf.edu.pl,
Ślęzak, K.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, katarzyna.slezak@igf.edu.pl,
Kądziałko-Hofmokl, M.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, magdahof@igf.edu.pl,
Szczepański, J.
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland, jacek.szczepanski@ing.uni.wroc.pl,
Werner, T.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, twerner@igf.edu.pl,
Jeleńska, M.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, bogna@igf.edu.p,
Nejbert, K.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Warsaw University, Warszawa, Poland, knejbert@uw.edu.pl,
Shireesha, M.
National Geophysical Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Hyderabad, India, shireeshageo.m@gmail.com,
Harinarayana, T.
National Geophysical Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Hyderabad, India, thari54@yahoo.com,
Romashkova, L.
Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, lina@mitp.ru,
Peresan, A.
The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, SAND Group, Trieste, Italy,
Arosio, D.
Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy, diego.arosio@polimi.it,
Longoni, L.
Department of Environmental, Hydraulic, Infrastructures and Surveying Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy, laura.longoni@polimi.it,
Papini, M.
Department of Environmental, Hydraulic, Infrastructures and Surveying Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy, monica.papini@polimi.it,
Zanzi, L.
Department of Structural Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy, luigi.zanzi@polimi.it,
Kostecki, A.
Oil and Gas Institute, Kraków, Poland, kostecki@inig.pl,
Półchłopek, A.
Oil and Gas Institute, Kraków, Poland, polchlopek@inig.pl,
Abbaszadeh, M.
Department of Surveying and Geomatics Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Babol Noushirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran, m.abbaszadeh@nit.ac.ir,
Sharifi, M.
Department of Surveying and Geomatics Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, sharifi@ut.ac.ir,
Nikkhoo, M.
Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, Mehdi_nikkhoo@yahoo.com,
Di Cristo, C.
1Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Meccanica, Università degli Studi di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale, Cassino, Italy, dicristo@unicas.it,
Iervolino, M.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Design, Edilizia e Ambiente, Seconda Università di Napoli, Aversa, Italy, michele.iervolino@unina2.it,
Vacca, A.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile, Design, Edilizia e Ambiente, Seconda Università di Napoli, Aversa, Italy, vacca@unina.it,
Gąsiorowski, D.
Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Gda ń sk University of Technology, Gdańsk, Poland, gadar@pg.gda.pl,
Ostojski, M.
Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, National Research Institute, Warszawa, Poland , Mieczyslaw.Ostojski@imgw.pl,
Stovin, V.
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK , v.stovin@sheffield.ac.uk,
Guymer, I.
School of Engineering, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK,
Abstract : Techniques to predict temporal variations in concentrations and loads of suspended solids from highway runoff are required to estimate impacts on receiving water ecology and to inform the design of interception/treatment devices. A recent UK study included the collection of rainfall, highway runoff rates and sediment load and quality data from six different sites where motorway runoff drained directly into a receiving watercourse. This data set is used to critically evaluate a previously-published model (Kim et al. 2005) aimed at predicting temporal variations in runoff quality. The comparisons, based on discrete samples collected during 21 storm events, suggest that a simplification of the model, requiring just two parameters, provides a robust estimate of temporal variations in total suspended solids (TSS). Generic parameter values are provided, and the model’s application is illustrated. The model captures first flush effects well, but the identified generic parameters fail to fullypredict the variation in absolute TSS values that are observed in practice.

Keywords : highway, model, runoff, sediment, TSS,
Publishing house : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Publication date : 2013
Number : Vol. 61, no. 3
Page : 706 – 731

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DOI :
Qute : Nowożyński, K. ,Ślęzak, K. ,Kądziałko-Hofmokl, M. ,Szczepański, J. ,Werner, T. ,Jeleńska, M. ,Nejbert, K. ,Shireesha, M. ,Harinarayana, T. ,Romashkova, L. ,Peresan, A. ,Arosio, D. ,Longoni, L. ,Papini, M. ,Zanzi, L. ,Kostecki, A. ,Półchłopek, A. ,Abbaszadeh, M. ,Sharifi, M. ,Nikkhoo, M. ,Di Cristo, C. ,Iervolino, M. ,Vacca, A. ,Gąsiorowski, D. ,Ostojski, M. ,Stovin, V. ,Guymer, I. ,Guymer, I. , A practical model to describe temporal variations in total suspended solids concentrations in highway runoff. Acta Geophysica Vol. 61, no. 3/2013
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