Acoustic emission and sorptive deformation induced in coals of various rank by the sorption-desorption of gas

Czasopismo : Acta Geophysica
Tytuł artykułu : Acoustic emission and sorptive deformation induced in coals of various rank by the sorption-desorption of gas

Autorzy :
Domański, B.M.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, bogdan@igf.edu.pl,
Gnyp, A.
Carpathian Branch of Subbotin Institute of Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, gnyp@cb-igph.lviv.ua,
Shanker, D.
Department of Earthquake Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, India, dayasfeq@iitr.ernet.in,
Zheng, H.
Geological Science Department, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada, hs.zheng@usask.ca,
Majewska, Z.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Kraków, Poland, majewska@geol.agh.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : Simultaneous measurements of acoustic emission (AE) and expansion/ contraction of coal samples subjected to gas sorption-desorption processes were conducted on high- and medium-rank coal. The aim of this study was to examine the influence of the coal rank and type of sorbate on measured AE and strain characteristics. The experimental equipment employed in this study consisted of a pressure vessel and associated pressurisation and monitoring units. The arrangement of pressure-vacuum valves permitted the coal sample to be pressurised and depressurised. Carbon-dioxide and methane were used as sorbats. Acoustic emission and strains were recorded continuously for a period of 50 hours during sorption and for at least 12 hours during the desorption process. Tests were conducted on cylindrical coal samples at 298 K. The experimental data were presented as plots of AE basic parameters versus time and in strain diagrams. These studies lead to the following conclusions: 1. There are significant differences in AE and strain characteristics for the two sys-tems (coal-CO2 and coal-CH4); 2. There is a direct influence of rank and type of coal on its behaviour during the sorption-desorption of gas. An attempt has been made to interpret the results obtained on the grounds of the copolymer model of coal structure. More research is needed into this topic in order to get a quantitative description of the observed facts.

Słowa kluczowe : acoustic emission, sorption of carbon-dioxide, sorption of methane, coal swelling, coalbed methane, carbon-dioxide storage,
Wydawnictwo : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Rocznik : 2007
Numer : Vol. 55, no. 3
Strony : 324 – 343
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DOI :
Cytuj : Domański, B.M. ,Gnyp, A. ,Shanker, D. ,Zheng, H. ,Majewska, Z. , Acoustic emission and sorptive deformation induced in coals of various rank by the sorption-desorption of gas. Acta Geophysica Vol. 55, no. 3/2007
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