Journal : Acta Chromatographica
Article : Application of gas chromatography in the study of steam gasification and co-gasification of hard coal and biomass chars

Authors :
Huo, H. L.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Yu, S. H.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Liu, X. Z.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Meng, Y.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Ren, Y. P.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Zhang, L. T.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China, zhanglantong@263.net,
Liu, L.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China,
Zhao, T.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China,
Cheng, X. M.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China,
Wang, C. H.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China, wchcxm@hotmail.com,
Wang, Z. T.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China, wangzt@hotmail.com,
Gao, X.
Sichuan University Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, West China School of Pharmacy Chengdu, Sichuan China, gaomuxouzi@126.com,
Jiang, X.
Sichuan University Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, West China School of Pharmacy Chengdu, Sichuan China,
Wang, L.
Sichuan University Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, West China School of Pharmacy Chengdu, Sichuan China,
Urban, J.
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, School of Complex Systems (former Institute of Physical Biology), Laboratory of Applied System Biology Zamek 136 Nove Hrady 373 33 Czech Republic, urbanj@frov.jcu.cz,
Vaněk, J.
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, School of Complex Systems (former Institute of Physical Biology), Laboratory of Applied System Biology Zamek 136 Nove Hrady 373 33 Czech Republic,
Štys, D.
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, School of Complex Systems (former Institute of Physical Biology), Laboratory of Applied System Biology Zamek 136 Nove Hrady 373 33 Czech Republic,
Li, C. D.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P.R. China,
Liu, Y.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P.R. China,
Shi, Y. P.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P.R. China, shiyp@licp.cas.cn,
Zhang, Y.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China, hangsong@vip.sina.com,
Peng, Q.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Zeng, H.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Yao, S.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Zhang, Y.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Song, H.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Zhou, W.
Guiyang Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Guiyang 550004 China,
Zhang, X. Y.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China, drxyzhang@126.com,
Lv, Y. P.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China,
Liu, X. D.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China,
Xu, C.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China,
Duan, G. L.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China, glduan@shmu.edu.cn,
Smoliński, A.
Central Mining Institute Department of Energy Saving and Air Protection Sq. Gwarkow 1 40-166 Katowice, Poland, smolin@gig.katowice.pl,
Howaniec, N.
Central Mining Institute Department of Energy Saving and Air Protection Sq. Gwarkow 1 40-166 Katowice, Poland,
Abstract : The process of steam co-gasification of hard coal and biomass is regarded as environment friendly alternative to classical fossil fuel combustion, especially in the light of continuous increase in energy demand and recognition of environmental concerns related to fossil fuel processing. In the paper, the results of experimental comparative study of steam gasification and co-gasification of hard coal and energy crop (Andropogon gerardii) biomass in a laboratory-scale fixed bed reactor at the temperatures of 700, 800, and 900°C are presented. The gas chromatography technique was used in analyses of concentrations of the main product gas components, that is, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and methane. Some regularities in terms of variations between gasification and co-gasification product gas composition were observed, e.g., carbon monoxide content in biomass gasification and co-gasification product gas was on average approximately half the amount observed in hard coal gasification. Application of Fe2O3 and CaO in co-gasification led to increase in hydrogen content with simultaneous CO2 capture. Chemisorption of CO2 with CaO in the process of steam co-gasification was effective at 700°C and 800°C and resulted in average hydrogen content increase from 61 to 87%vol and from 62 to 76%vol at 700°C and 800°C, respectively, when compared to co-gasification without Fe2O3 and CaO.

Keywords : gasification, coal, energy crop, biomass,
Publishing house : University of Silesia in Katowice
Publication date : 2013
Number : Vol. 25, no. 2
Page : 317 – 330

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DOI :
Qute : Huo, H. L. ,Yu, S. H. ,Liu, X. Z. ,Meng, Y. ,Ren, Y. P. ,Zhang, L. T. ,Liu, L. ,Zhao, T. ,Cheng, X. M. ,Wang, C. H. ,Wang, Z. T. ,Gao, X. ,Jiang, X. ,Wang, L. ,Urban, J. ,Vaněk, J. ,Štys, D. ,Li, C. D. ,Liu, Y. ,Shi, Y. P. ,Zhang, Y. ,Peng, Q. ,Zeng, H. ,Yao, S. ,Zhang, Y. ,Song, H. ,Zhou, W. ,Zhang, X. Y. ,Lv, Y. P. ,Liu, X. D. ,Xu, C. ,Duan, G. L. ,Smoliński, A. ,Howaniec, N. ,Howaniec, N. , Application of gas chromatography in the study of steam gasification and co-gasification of hard coal and biomass chars. Acta Chromatographica Vol. 25, no. 2/2013
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