Azimuthal anisotropy of the Pg-wave velocity in hypocentral volumes of NW Croatia

Czasopismo : Acta Geophysica
Tytuł artykułu : Azimuthal anisotropy of the Pg-wave velocity in hypocentral volumes of NW Croatia

Autorzy :
Yamasaki, K.
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Nada, Kobe, Japan,,
Teisseyre, R.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland,,
Herak, M.
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Department of Geophysics, Zagreb, Croatia,,
Abstrakty : Based on a large set of arrival times of the Pg phase reported by local and regional stations, we estimate azimuthal anisotropy of the Pg-wave velocity in focal volumes of the upper crust in NW Croatia. The method is based on analyses of the azimuthal dependence of ratios of cumulative differences of arrival times and travel paths between foci of earthquake pairs, computed for rays propagating within narrow azimuthal windows. The results clearly indicate the presence of anisotropy of 3.3% with the direction of fast velocity (approximately NNE-SSW) coinciding with the direction of the maximum tectonic pressure as revealed by 23 available focal mechanisms and previous geological investigations. Although a large part of observed anisotropy can be explained assuming that focal volumes are pervaded by a system of vertical extensivedilatancy anisotropy (EDA) cracks aligned under the influence of local tectonic stress field, there is indication that – to a smaller extent – some role was also played by alignment of structural features in the region.

Słowa kluczowe : azimuthal velocity anisotropy, extensive-dilatancy anisotropy, Croatia,
Wydawnictwo : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Rocznik : 2009
Numer : Vol. 57, no. 3
Strony : 600 – 615
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Cytuj : Yamasaki, K. ,Teisseyre, R. ,Herak, M. , Azimuthal anisotropy of the Pg-wave velocity in hypocentral volumes of NW Croatia. Acta Geophysica Vol. 57, no. 3/2009