Journal : Acta Geologica Polonica
Article : Coelacanths (Actinistia, Sarcopterygii) from the Famennian (Upper Devonian) of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland

Authors :
Rushton, A.
The Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW7 5BD, UK, A.Rushton@nhm.ac.uk,
Szrek, P.
Institute of Geology, Warsaw University, Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL-02-089 Warszawa, pszrek@poczta.onet.pl,
Abstract : Coelacanth fishes from the Upper Devonian of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland, are described. The material consists of isolated incomplete lower jaws, gular plates, an entopterygoid and urohyal. The isolated lower jaws belong to Diplocercides kayseri (VON KOENEN, 1895). The other coelacanth remains are referred to Diplocercides sp. indet. All specimens are Famennian in age (Early Palmatolepis rhomboidea conodont Zone), representing a time when almost all of the Holy Cross Mountains carbonate platform was drowned. Because of the shallow-water living conditions preferred by the group it is assumed that these coelacanths were restricted to isolated, small submarine swells, which still existed in that region in the latest Devonian, and that their carcasses were then subjected to post-mortem transport into the deeper areas.

Keywords : Actinistia, Coelacanths, dewon, famen, Góry Świętokrzyskie, paleoekologia, Actinistia, Coelacanths, Famennian, Holy Cross Mountains, Late Devonian, Palaeoenvironment,
Publishing house : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Publication date : 2007
Number : Vol. 57, no. 4
Page : 403 – 413

Bibliography
: ANDERSON, M.E., HILLER, N. & GESS, R. 1994. The first Bothriolepis-associated Devonian fish fauna from Africa. South African Journal of Science, 90, 397-403.
ANDERSON, M.E., LONG, J.A., EVANS, F.J., ALMOND, J.E., THERON, J.N. & BENDER, P.A. 1999. Biogeographic affinities of Middle and Late Devonian fishes of South Africa. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement, 57, 157-168.
BEŁKA, Z. & SKOMPSKI, S. 1988. Mechanism of sedimentation and facial location of the Coal Limestone in southwestern Holy Cross Mountains. Przegląd Geologiczny, 8, 442-448. In Polish with English summary
CZARNOCKI, J. 1938. Ogólna mapa geologiczna Polski – arkusz 4 – Kielce (Carte Géologique Génerale de la Pologne. Feuille 4: Kielce). Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny; Warszawa.
CZARNOCKI, J. 1947. Przewodnik XX Zjazdu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego w Górach Świętokrzyskich w 1947 r. Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny; Warszawa.
FOREY, P.L. 1998. History of the coelacanth fishes. Chapman & Hall; London – Weinheim – New York – Tokyo – Melbourne – Madras.
FOREY P.L., AHLBERG, P.E., LUKŠEVIČS, E. & ZUPINŠ, I. 2000. A new coelacanth from the Middle Devonian of Latvia. Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology, 20, 243-252.
FRIEDMAN, M. & COATES, M.I. 2006. A newly recognized fossil coelacanth highlights the early morphological diversification of the clade. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 273, 245-250.
GESS, R.W. & HILLER, N. 1995. A preliminary catalogue of fossil algal, plant, arthropod, and fish remains from a Late Devonian black shale near Grahamstown, South Africa. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museums (Natural History), 19, 225-304.
GINTER, M. 1990. Late Famennian shark teeth from the Holy Cross Mountains, Central Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 40, 69-81.
GINTER, M. & IVANOV, A. 1992. Devonian phoebodont shark teeth. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 37, 55-75.
GORIZDRO-KULCZYCKA, Z. 1934. Sur les Ptyctodontidae du Dévonien Supérieur du Massif de S-te Croix. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 3, 1-38.
GORIZDRO-KULCZYCKA, Z. 1950. Les Dipneustes dévoniens du Massif de S-te Croix. Acta Geologica Polonica, 1, 53-82.
GÜRICH, G. 1896. Das Paläozoicum im Polnische Mittelgebirge. Verhandlungen der Russischen-Kaiserlichen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft zu St-Petersburg, 2(32), 1-539.
IVANOV, A. & GINTER, M. 1997. Comments on the Late Devonian placoderms from the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 42, 413-426.
JANVIER, P. 1977. Les Poissons dévoniens de l’Iran central et de l’Afghanistan. Mémoires de la Société Géologique du France, 8, 277-289.
JANVIER, P. & MARTIN, M. 1979. Les vertébrés dévoniens de l’Iran Central. II – coelacanthiformes, struniiformes, osteolepiformes. Géobios, 12, 498-508.
JARVIK, E. 1954. On the visceral skeleton in Eusthenopteron with a discussion of the parasphenoid and palatoquadrate in fishes. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, 5, 1-104.
JOHANSON, Z., LONG, J., TALENT, J.A., JANVIER, P. & WARREN, J.W. 2006. Oldest coelacanth, from the Early Devonian of Australia. Biology Letters, 2006, 443-446.
KOENEN, A. VON. 1895. Über einige Fischreste des norddeutschen und böhmischen Devons. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, 40, 1-37.
KULCZYCKI, J. 1957. Upper Devonian fishes from the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 2, 285-380.
LELIÈVRE, H. & JANVIER, P. 1988. Un actinistien (Sarcopterygii, Vertebrata) dans le Dévonien supérieur du Maroc. Compte Rendu de l’Académie des Sciences, 307, 1425-1430.
LISZKOWSKI, J. & RACKI, R. 1993. Ichthyoliths and deepening events in the Devonian carbonate platform of the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 37, 407-426.
LONG, J.A. 1999. A new genus of fossil coelacanth (Osteichthyes: oelacanthiformes) from the Middle Devonian of Southeastern Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement, 57, 37-53.
SZREK, P. 2004. The first articulated antiarch (Vertebrata, Placodermi) from the Upper Devonian of the Holy Cross Mountains (Central Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 54, 401-406.
SZULCZEWSKI, M. 1971. Upper Devonian conodonts, stratigraphy and facial development in the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Geologica Polonica, 21, 1-129.
SZULCZEWSKI, M. 1973. Famennian-Tournaisian neptunian dykes and their conodont fauna from Dalnia in the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Geologica Polonica, 23, 15-59.
SZULCZEWSKI, M. 1989. Stratigraphic record of global and regional events across the Frasnian-Famennian boundary in the Holy Cross Mountains. Przegląd Geologiczny, 37, 551-557. In Polish with English and Russian summary
SZULCZEWSKI, M. 1995. Depositional evolution of the Holy Cross Mountains in the Devonian and Carboniferous – a review. Geological Quarterly, 39, 471-488.
SZULCZEWSKI, M., BEŁKA, Z. & SKOMPSKI, S. 1996. The drowning of a carbonate platform: an example from the Devonian-Carboniferous of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Sedimentary Geology, 106, 21-49.
SZULCZEWSKI, M. & ŻAKOWA, H. 1976. New data on the Famennian of the Gałęzice Syncline. Geological Research in the Holy Cross Mountains. Biuletyn Instytutu Geologicznego, 296, 51-67. In Polish with English summary
STENSIÖ, E. 1937. On the Devonian coelacanthids of Germany with special reference to the dermal skeleton. Kungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar, (16) 4, 1-56.
WORONCOWA-MARCINOWSKA, T. & SZREK, P. 2004. Zbiory Jana Czarnockiego w Muzeum Geologicznym PIG – nieustające źródło badań. Przegląd Geologiczny, 52, 638-639. In Polish
DOI :
Qute : Rushton, A. ,Szrek, P. ,Szrek, P. , Coelacanths (Actinistia, Sarcopterygii) from the Famennian (Upper Devonian) of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 57, no. 4/2007
facebook