Journal : Acta Geophysica
Article : Differential geometric approach to the stress aspect of a fault: Airy stress function surface and curvatures

Authors :
Yamasaki, K.
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Nada, Kobe, Japan, yk2000@kobe-u.ac.jp,
Abstract : We considered the two-dimensional stress aspect of a fault from the viewpoint of differential geometry. For this analysis, we concentrated on the curvatures of the Airy stress function surface. We found the following: (i) Because the principal stresses are the principal curvatures of the stress function surface, the first and the second invariant quantities in the elasticity correspond to invariant quantities in differential geometry; specifically, the mean and Gaussian curvatures, respectively; (ii) Coulomb's failure criterion shows that the coefficient of friction is the physical expression of the geometric energy of the stress function surface; (iii) The differential geometric expression of the Goursat formula shows that the fault (dislocation) type (strike-slip or dip-slip) corresponds to the stress function surface type (elliptic or hyperbolic). Finally, we discuss the need to use non-biharmonic stress tensor theory to describe the stress aspect of multi-faults or an earthquake source zone.

Keywords : stress function, curvature, Mohr’s circle, faults, Goursat formula,
Publishing house : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Publication date : 2012
Number : Vol. 60, no. 1
Page : 4 – 23

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DOI :
Qute : Yamasaki, K. ,Yamasaki, K. , Differential geometric approach to the stress aspect of a fault: Airy stress function surface and curvatures. Acta Geophysica Vol. 60, no. 1/2012
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