Fractal analysis of experimentally generated pyroclasts. A tool for volcanic hazard assessment

Czasopismo : Acta Geophysica
Tytuł artykułu : Fractal analysis of experimentally generated pyroclasts. A tool for volcanic hazard assessment

Autorzy :
Vallianatos, F.
Technological Educational Institute of Crete, Laboratory of Geophysics and Seismology, Crete, Greece, fvallian@chania.teicrete.gr,
Tsallis, C.
Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas and National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, tsallis@cbpf.br,
Sotolongo-Costa, O.
Catedra de Sistemas Complejos “Henri Poincare”, Universidad de La Habana, osotolongo@fisica.uh.cu,
Celikoglu, A.
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey, ahmet.celikoglu@ege.edu.tr,
Abe, S.
Department of Physical Engineering, Mie University, Mie, Japan, suabe@sf6.so-net.ne.jp,
Bunde, A.
Institut fur Theoretische Physik, Giessen, Germany, Armin.Bunde@uni-giessen.de,
Donner, R.
Research Domain IV – Transdisciplinary Concepts & Methods, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research, Potsdam, Germany, reik.donner@pik-potsdam.de,
Molchan, G.
International Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, molchan@mitp.ru,
Lee, Y.-T.
Graduate Institute of Geophysics, National Central University, Jhongli, Taiwan, shine2530@gmail.com,
Tarraga, M.
Institute of Earth Sciences “Jaume Almera”, CSIC, Barcelona, Spain, roberto.carniel@uniud.it,
Perugini, D.
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy, diegop@unipg.it,
Abstrakty : Rapid decompression experiments on natural volcanic rocks mimick explosive eruptions. Fragment size distributions (FSD) of such experimentally generated pyroclasts are investigated using fractal geometry. The fractal dimension of fragmentation, D, of FSD is measured for samples from Unzen (Japan) and Popocatepetl (Mexico) volcanoes. Results show that: (i) FSD are fractal and can be quantified by measuring D values; (ii) D increases linearly with potential energy for fragmentation (PEF) and, thus, with increasing applied pressure; (iii) the rate of increase of D with PEF depends on open porosity: the higher the open porosity, the lower the increase of D with PEF; (iv) at comparable open porosity, samples display a similar behavior for any rock composition. The method proposed here has the potential to become a standard routine to estimate eruptive energy of past and recent eruptions using values of D and open porosity, providing an important step towards volcanic hazard assessment.

Słowa kluczowe : experimental volcanology, rapid decompression experiment, fragment size distributions, fractals, eruptive energy,
Wydawnictwo : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Rocznik : 2012
Numer : Vol. 60, no. 3
Strony : 682 – 698
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DOI :
Cytuj : Vallianatos, F. ,Tsallis, C. ,Sotolongo-Costa, O. ,Celikoglu, A. ,Abe, S. ,Bunde, A. ,Donner, R. ,Molchan, G. ,Lee, Y.-T. ,Tarraga, M. ,Perugini, D. , Fractal analysis of experimentally generated pyroclasts. A tool for volcanic hazard assessment. Acta Geophysica Vol. 60, no. 3/2012
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