Journal : Acta Chromatographica
Article : HPTLC/HPLC and gravimetric methodology for the identification and quantification of gymnemic acid from Gymnema sylvestre methanolic extracts

Authors :
Huo, H. L.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Yu, S. H.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Liu, X. Z.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Meng, Y.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Ren, Y. P.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China,
Zhang, L. T.
Hebei Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shijiazhuang 050017 China, zhanglantong@263.net,
Liu, L.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China,
Zhao, T.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China,
Cheng, X. M.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China,
Wang, C. H.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China, wchcxm@hotmail.com,
Wang, Z. T.
Laboratory for New Resources and Quality Evaluation of Chinese Medicines The MOE Key Laboratory for Standardization of Chinese Medicines and The SATCM Key 1200 Cailun Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park Shanghai 201210 China, wangzt@hotmail.com,
Gao, X.
Sichuan University Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, West China School of Pharmacy Chengdu, Sichuan China, gaomuxouzi@126.com,
Jiang, X.
Sichuan University Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, West China School of Pharmacy Chengdu, Sichuan China,
Wang, L.
Sichuan University Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Administration, West China School of Pharmacy Chengdu, Sichuan China,
Urban, J.
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, School of Complex Systems (former Institute of Physical Biology), Laboratory of Applied System Biology Zamek 136 Nove Hrady 373 33 Czech Republic, urbanj@frov.jcu.cz,
Vaněk, J.
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, School of Complex Systems (former Institute of Physical Biology), Laboratory of Applied System Biology Zamek 136 Nove Hrady 373 33 Czech Republic,
Štys, D.
University of South Bohemia in Ceske Budejovice Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, School of Complex Systems (former Institute of Physical Biology), Laboratory of Applied System Biology Zamek 136 Nove Hrady 373 33 Czech Republic,
Li, C. D.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P.R. China,
Liu, Y.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P.R. China,
Shi, Y. P.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P.R. China, shiyp@licp.cas.cn,
Zhang, Y.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China, hangsong@vip.sina.com,
Peng, Q.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Zeng, H.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Yao, S.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Zhang, Y.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Song, H.
Sichuan University Department of Pharmaceutical and Biological Engineering Chengdu 610065 China,
Zhou, W.
Guiyang Medical University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Guiyang 550004 China,
Zhang, X. Y.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China, drxyzhang@126.com,
Lv, Y. P.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China,
Liu, X. D.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China,
Xu, C.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China,
Duan, G. L.
Fudan University Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy Shanghai 201203 China, glduan@shmu.edu.cn,
Smoliński, A.
Central Mining Institute Department of Energy Saving and Air Protection Sq. Gwarkow 1 40-166 Katowice, Poland, smolin@gig.katowice.pl,
Howaniec, N.
Central Mining Institute Department of Energy Saving and Air Protection Sq. Gwarkow 1 40-166 Katowice, Poland,
Unver-Somer, N.
Ege University Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy 35100 Bornova, Izmir Turkey,
Cicek-Polat, D.
Ege University Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy 35100 Bornova, Izmir Turkey,
Emir, A.
Ege University Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy 35100 Bornova, Izmir Turkey,
Onur, M. A.
Ege University Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy 35100 Bornova, Izmir Turkey,
Kaya, G. I.
Ege University Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacognosy 35100 Bornova, Izmir Turkey,
Ahmed, A. B. A.
Bharathidasan University Department of Plant Science Tiruchirappalli 620 024 Tamil Nadu India, dr.bakrudeenaliahmed@yahoo.co.in,
Rao, A. S.
Bharathidasan University Department of Biotechnology Tiruchirappalli 620 024 Tamil Nadu India,
Rao, M. V.
Bharathidasan University Department of Plant Science Tiruchirappalli 620 024 Tamil Nadu India,
Taha, R. M.
University of Malaya Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science 50603 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia,
Abstract : Gymnemic acid (GA), a well known anti-diabetic compound has been detected in methanol extracts of intact leaves and in vitro callus cultures derived from leaf explants of Gymnema sylvestre. Callus biomass was developed in MS medium with optimum plant growth regulators (OPGRs) of 2,4-D (1.5 mg L-1) + KN (0.5 mg L-1) under abiotic stress conditions at 45 days determined by growth curve analysis. GA detection and quantification were carried out using thin-layer chromatography (TLC), highperformance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and gravimetric techniques. GA detection peak area and their absorption spectra were evaluated through HPTLC and HPLC with the standard GA. Quantification of GA had showed the linearity, accuracy, robustness and precision by HPLC. GA content was significantly higher in gravimetric method than HPLC. All these methods were found to be simple, accurate, selective and rapid and could be successfully applied for the determination of GA. It could have potential as a pharmaceutical drug for Type 1 diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and obesity.

Keywords : Gymnema sylvestre, gymnemic acid (GA), abiotic stress, HPTLC, HPLC, gravimetric method,
Publishing house : University of Silesia in Katowice
Publication date : 2013
Number : Vol. 25, no. 2
Page : 339 – 361

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DOI :
Qute : Huo, H. L. ,Yu, S. H. ,Liu, X. Z. ,Meng, Y. ,Ren, Y. P. ,Zhang, L. T. ,Liu, L. ,Zhao, T. ,Cheng, X. M. ,Wang, C. H. ,Wang, Z. T. ,Gao, X. ,Jiang, X. ,Wang, L. ,Urban, J. ,Vaněk, J. ,Štys, D. ,Li, C. D. ,Liu, Y. ,Shi, Y. P. ,Zhang, Y. ,Peng, Q. ,Zeng, H. ,Yao, S. ,Zhang, Y. ,Song, H. ,Zhou, W. ,Zhang, X. Y. ,Lv, Y. P. ,Liu, X. D. ,Xu, C. ,Duan, G. L. ,Smoliński, A. ,Howaniec, N. ,Unver-Somer, N. ,Cicek-Polat, D. ,Emir, A. ,Onur, M. A. ,Kaya, G. I. ,Ahmed, A. B. A. ,Rao, A. S. ,Rao, M. V. ,Taha, R. M. ,Taha, R. M. , HPTLC/HPLC and gravimetric methodology for the identification and quantification of gymnemic acid from Gymnema sylvestre methanolic extracts. Acta Chromatographica Vol. 25, no. 2/2013
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