Inoceramid and foraminiferal record and biozonation of the Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Mangyshlak Mts., western Kazakhstan

Czasopismo : Acta Geologica Polonica
Tytuł artykułu : Inoceramid and foraminiferal record and biozonation of the Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Mangyshlak Mts., western Kazakhstan

Autorzy :
Kennedy, W. J.
Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PW and Department of Earth Sciences, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3AN, United Kingdom, jim.kennedy@oum.ox.ac.uk,
Walaszczyk, I.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL-02-089 Warszawa, Poland, i.walaszczyk@uw.edu.pl,
Kopaevich, L.
Geological Faculty, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia,
Beniamovski, V. N.
Geological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pyzhevski 7, Moscow, 119017, Russia,
Abstrakty : The Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Mangyshlak Mts., western Kazakhstan, yielded a rich and relatively complete inoceramid bivalve record. The faunas and their succession correspond to those known from central and eastern Europe, allowing the zonation established in the latter areas to be applied in a virtually identical form. The gaps in the record of the group in Mangyshlak stem from the regional hiatuses in the geological record in the area and do not reflect any biogeographical differences between eastern and central-western Europe. Planktonic foraminifera are rare. Four successive interval range zones can be distinguished: in ascending stratigraphic order, the Helvetoglobotrunaca helvetica, Marginotruncaca pseudolinneiana, Marginotruncana coronata, and Concavotruncana concavata zones. Their correlation with the inoceramid zonation and, consequently, with the chronostratigraphic scheme, is demonstrated. The zonation and chronostratigraphic subdivision as applied in Mangyshlak may easily be applied to other areas of the peri-Caspian region (Caucasus, Tuarkyr, Kopet-Dagh, SE margin of the East-European Craton).

Słowa kluczowe : kreda, turon, koniak, Mangystau, biostratygrafia, małże, otwornice, korelacja, Europa Północna, prowincja, biogeografia, Cretaceous, Turonian, Coniacian, Mangyshlak, Biostratigraphy, Inoceramid bivalves, Foraminifers, Correlation, North European biogeographic Province,
Wydawnictwo : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 63, no. 4
Strony : 469 – 487
Bibliografia : 1. Alekseev, A.S., Kopaevich, L.F., Nikishin, A.M., Kuuzmicheva, T.A., Ovechkina M.N. 2007. Cenomanian-Turonian boundary in Southwestern Crimea. Paper 1. Stratigraphy. Byulletin MOIP. Geology, 82, 3–29. In Russian
2. Aliev, M.M. and Kharitonov, V.M. 1981. Stratigraphic distribution of Inoceramus in the Upper Cretaceous deposits of Azerbaijan. Izvestia Akademii Nauk Azerbaydjanskoy SSR, Seria Nauk o Zemle, 2(1981), 3–12. In Russian
3. Aliev, M.M. and Kharitonov, V.M. 1988. Inoceramids. Upper Cretaceous. In: Aliza-Zade, A.A., Aliev, G.A., Aliev, M.M., Alijlla, K and Khalilov, A.G. (Eds), Cretaceous fauna of Azerbaijan, pp. 250–273. Elm; Baku.
4. Aliev, M.M. and Pavlova, M.M. 1983. Stratigraphic and paleoecologic peculiarities of inoceramides of the Upper Cretaceous of the south of the USSR. Izvestia Akasdemii Nauk Azerbaydjanskoy SSR, Seria Nauk o Zemle, 4(1983), 97–102. In Russian
5. Aliev, M.M., Pavlova, M.M. and Kharitonov, V.M. 1982. Biostratigraphic subdivision of the Upper Cretaceous deposits of Daghestan based on inocerams. Izvestia Akasdemii Nauk Azerbaydjanskoy SSR, Seria Nauk o Zemle, 4(1982), 3–11. In Russian
6. Andert, H. 1911. Die Inoceramen des Kreibitz-Zittauer Sandsteingebirges. Festschrift des Humboldtvereins zur Feier seines 50 jahrigen Bestehens, 33–64. Ebersbach.
7. Andert, H. 1934. Die Kreideablagerungen zwischen Elbe und Jeschken Teil III: Die Fauna der obersten Kreide in Sachsen, Böhmen und Schlesien. Abhandlungen der Preußischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, Neue Folge 159, 1–447.
8. Arkhangelsky, A.D. 1916. Les mollusques du crétacé supérieur de Turkestan. Mémoires de Comité Géologique, Nouvelle Série, 152, 1–57. In Russian
9. Arzumanova, E.M. 1964. Some representatives of the family Inoceramidae in the Upper Cretaceous deposits of western Kopet-Dagh. Izvestia Akademii Nauk Turkmenskoy SSR, Seria Fizyko-Technitcheskich, Chmitcheskich and Geologitscheskich Nauk, 3, 101–110.
10. Atabekian, A.A. 1969. On some homonyms in Jurassic and Cretaceous inoceramids. Izvestia Akademii Nauk Armianskoy SSR, 1 (1969), 3–15. In Russian
11. Atabekian A.A. 1974. Inoceramids. In: Atlas of fossil fauna of Armenian SSR, 211–424. Erevan. In Russian
12. Atabekian, A.A. 1997. Inoceramidae. In: V.V. Arkadiev and T.N. Bogdanova (Eds), Atlas of the Cretaceous fauna of southwestern Crimea, pp. 63–70. In Russian
13. Atabekian, A.A. and Likhacheva, A.A. 1961. Upper Cretaceous deposits of western Kopet -Dag. Trudy VSEGEI, Nova Seriya, 62. Leningrad. In Russian
14. Badillet, G. and Sornay, J. 1980. Sur quelques formes du groupe d’Inoceramus labiatus decrites par O. Seitz. Impossibilite d’utiliser ce groupe pour une datation stratigraphique du Turonien inferieur du Saumurois (France). Compte Rendu Academie Science Paris, Serie D, 290, 323–325.
15. Baraboshkin, E.Yu., Alekseev, A.S., Kopaevich, L.F. 2003 Cretaceous Paleogeography of the North-Eastern Peri-Tethys. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 196, 177–208.
16. Beniamovski, V.N. 2008. Infrazonal biostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous in the East European Province based on benthic foraminifers, Part 1: Cenomanian–Coniacian. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation, 6, 257–266.
17. Böhm, J. 1914. Zusammenstellung der Inoceramen der Kreideformation (Nachtrag). Jahrbruch der Preußischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, 35/1, 595–599.
18. Caron, M. 1985. Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera. In: H.M. Bolli, J.B. Saunders and K. Perch-Nielsen (Eds), Plankton stratigraphy, pp. 17–86. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge.
19. Conrad, T.A. 1855-58. Observations on a group of Cretaceous fossil shells, found in Tippah County, Miss., with description of fifty-six new species. Journal of the Academy of Natural Science of Philadelphia, 3, 323–336.
20. Diebold, F., Bengtson, P., Lees, J.A. and Walaszczyk, I. 2010. Ammonite, inoceramid and nannofossil biostratigraphy across the Turonian–Coniacian boundary in the Aquitaine and Vocontian basins (France) and Diego Basin (Madagascar). Abstract Volume of the 8th International Symposium, Cephalopods – Present and Past (Dijon – France 2010).
21. Dobrov, S.A. and Pavlova, M.M. 1959. Inoceramids. In: M.M. Moskvin (Ed.), Atlas of the Upper Cretaceous fauna of northern Caucasus and Crimea, pp. 130–165. Moscow. In Russian
22. Egoyan, V.L. 1955. Upper Cretaceous deposits of south-western part of Armenian SSR, 270 pp. Akademia Nauk Armianskoy SSR; Erevan. In Russian
23. Elder, W.P. 1991. Mytiloides hattini n. sp., a guide fossil for the base of the Turonian in the Western Interior of North America. Journal of Paleontology 65, 234–241.
24. Ernst, G., Schmid, F. and Seibertz, E. 1983. Event-Stratigraphie im Cenoman und Turon von NW Deutschland. Zitteliana, 10, 531–554.
25. Goldfuss, A. 1834-40. Petrefakta Germaniae tam ea, quae in museo, 2, 106–118. Dusseldorf.
26. Gümbel, C.W. 1868. Verzeichnis der in der Sammlung des Geol.-Mineral. Vereins in Regensburg vorfindlischen Versteinerungen aus den Schichten der ˙Procän-oder Kreideformation aus der Umgebung von Regensburg. Correspondenz-Blatt des Zoologisch-Mineralogischen Vereins in Regensburg, 8 p. 22, 69.
27. Hart, M.B. and Bailey, H.W. 1979. The distribution of planktonic Foraminiferida in the mid-Cretaceous of NW Europe. In: Wiedmann, J. (Ed.). Aspekte der Kreide Europas. International Union of Geological Sciences, Series A 6, p. 527–542.
28. Heine, F. 1929. Die Inoceramen des mittelwestfalischen Emschers und unteren Untersenons. Abhandlungen der Preussischen Geologischen Landesanstalt, Neue Folge, 120, 1–124.
29. Heinz, R. 1926. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Stratigraphie und Tektonik der oberen Kreide Lüneburg. Mitteilungen aus dem Mineralogisch-Geologischen Staatinstitut, Hamburg, 8, 3–109.
30. Heinz, R. 1928. Das Inoceramen-Profil der Oberen Kreide Lüneburgs. Mit Anführung der neuen Formen und deren Kennzeichnung. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der oberkretazischen Inoceramen I. Jahresbericht des Niedersächsischen geologischen Vereins zu Hannover, 21, 64–81.
31. Heinz, R. 1930. Zur stratigraphischen Stellung der Sonnebergschichten bei Waltersdorf i. Sa. (westsüdwestlich von Zittau). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der oberkretazischen Inoceramen IX. Jahresbericht des Niedersachsischen geologischen Vereins zu Hannover, 23, 25–29.
32. Heinz, R. 1932. Zur Gliederung der sächsisch-schlesischbohmischen Kreide unter Zugrundelegung der norddeutschen Stratigraphie. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der oberkretazischen Inoceramen X. Jahresbericht des Niedersächsischen geologischen Vereins zu Hannover, 24, 24–52.
33. Ivannikov, A.V. 1979. Inoceramids of the Upper Cretaceous in southwestern part of the East-European Platform, pp. 1–102. Akademia Nauk Ukrainskoy SSR, Instytut Geologitscheskich Nauk; Kiev. In Russian
34. Jimbo, K. 1894. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fauna der Kreideformation von ˙Hokkaido. Palaeontologische Abhandlungen, N.F., 2 (3), 140–198.
35. Kauffman, E.G. 1973. Cretaceous bivalvia. In: A. Hallam (Ed.), Atlas of Palaeobiogeography, pp. 353–383. Elsevier; Amsterdam.
36. Kauffman, E.G., Hattin, D.E. and Powell, J.D. 1977. Stratigraphic, paleontologic and paleoenvironmental analysis of the Upper Cretaceous rocks of Cimarron County, Northwestern Oklahoma. Memoir of the Geological Society of America, 149, 1–150.
37. Kennedy, W.J., Walaszczyk, I.and Cobban, W.A. 2000. Pueblo, Colorado, USA, candidate Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point for the base of the Turonian Stage of the Cretaceous, and for the base of the Middle Turonian Substage, with a revision of the Inoceramidae (Bivalvia). Acta Geologica Polonica, 50, 295–334.
38. Khalafova, R.A. 1968. Fauna and stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous deposits of the SE part of the Small Caucasus and Nachitchewan area of ASSR, pp. 1–330. Erevan. In Russian
39. Kharitonov, V.M. 1993. Stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous deposits of the Araksinskoy tectonic zone of Back-Caucasus Zone. Oteczestvennaya Geologia, 12, 35–42. In Russian
40. Kharitonov, V.M., Ivanov, A.V. and Seltzer, V.B. 2003. Stratigraphy of the Turonian and Coniacian deposits of the Lower Povolzhe. Volga and Pricaspian Region Resources, 36, 48–60. In Russian
41. Kharitonov, V.M., Marinov, V.A., Ivanov, A.V. and Fomin, V.A. 2007. Upper Cretaceous inoceramids from coresections from the West-Siberian plain and some questions on stratigraphy of the Turonian Stage. Izvestia Saratovskovo Universiteta, 7, Seria Nauk o Zemle, 2, 61–70. In Russian
42. Koch, W. 1977. Biostratigraphie in der Oberkreide und Taxonomie von Foraminiferen. Geologisches Jahrbuch, A38, 11–123.
43. Kopaevich, L.F. 1989. Palaeodepth on the base of the analysis planktonic foraminifera assemblages (on materials of Pericaspian sections). Moscow University Geology Bulletin. Ser. 4. Geology, 3, 25–34.
44. Kopaevich, L.F. 1996. The Turonian strata in southwestern Crimea and Mangyshlak (foraminiferal biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography). Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch.-Paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg, 77, 203–211.
45. Kopaevich, L.F. 2010. Upper Cretaceous zonal scheme for Crimea-Caucasus area on the base of globotruncanids Bulletin MOIP. Geology, 85, 40–52. In Russian
46. Kopaevich, L.F. 2011. The value of planktonic foraminifers in the stratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous of the East European Platform. Bulletin MOIP, Geology, 86, 32–45.
47. Kopaevich L., Alekseev A.S., Baraboshkin E.Yu., Beniamovskii V.N. 1999. Cretaceous sedimentary units of Mangyshlak Peninsula (western Kazakhstan). Geodiversitas, 21, 407–419.
48. Kopaevich, L.F., Beniamovski, V.N. and Sadekov A.Yu. 2007. Middle Coniacian–Santonian foraminiferal bioevents around the Mangyshlak Peninsula and Russian Platform. Cretaceous Research, 28, 108–118.
49. Korchagin V.A. 2003. Classification Mesozoic planktonic foraminifers (superfamiles Planomalinacea, Totaliporacea and Globotruncanacea). GEOS, 1–90. Moscow.
50. Kotsubinsky, S.P. 1968. Inoceramidae. In: Fauna of the Cretaceous deposits of the Western Ukraine, 115–148. Kiev. In Ukrainian
51. Kotsubinsky, S.P. 1974. Inocerams. In: Krymgoltz, G.J. (Ed.), Atlas of the Upper Cretaceous Fauna of Donbass, pp. 76–86. Nedra; Moscow. In Russian
52. Loeblich, A.R. and Tappan, H.N. 1987. Foraminiferal genera and their classification, 970 pp. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company; New York.
53. Mantell, G.A. 1822. The fossils of the South Downs; or illustrations of the geology of Sussex. xvi + 327 p. Lupton Relfe; London.
54. Marcinowski, R., Walaszczyk, I. and Olszewska-Nejbert, D. 1996. Stratigraphy and regional development of the mid-Cretaceous (Upper Albian through Coniacian) of the Mangyshlak Mountains, Western Kazakhstan. Acta Geologica Polonica, 46, 1–60.
55. Meek, F.B. 1877. Paleontology. Report of the geological exploration of the 40th parallel. Professional Paper of the Engineer Department of the United States Army, 184, 142–148.
56. Moskvin, M.M. (Ed.) 1987. Stratigraphy of the USSR. Cretaceous System, Part 2, 326 pp. Nedra; Moscow.
57. Muromtzev, V.S. 1973. The question on paleotectonic development of Mangyshlak Peninsula. In: V.S. Muromtzev (Ed.), New data on geology and oil-resources of Mangyshlak. Trudy VNIGRI, 344, 89–113. In Russian
58. Naidin, D.P. 1959. On the paleogeography of the Russian platform during the Upper Cretaceous epoch. Stockholm contributions in geology, 3, 127–138.
59. Naidin, D.P., Beniamowski, V.N. and Kopaevich, L.F. 1984. Methods of transgression and regression study (exemplified by Late Cretaceous basins of west Kazakhstan), pp. 1–162. Izdatelstvo Moskovskovo Universiteta; Moskva. In Russian with English summary
60. Naidin, D.P., Beniamovski, V.N and Kopaevich, L.F. 1994. Palaeogeographic basis of stratigraphic schemes, pp. 1–135. Izdatelstvo Moskovskovo Universiteta; Moskva. In Russian with English summary
61. Natal’in, B.A., Sengör, A.M.C. 2006. Late Palaeozoic to Triassic evolution of the Turan and Scythian platforms: the pre-history of the Palaeo-Tethyan closure. Tectonophysics, 404, 175–202.
62. Noda, M. 1984. Notes on Mytiloides incertus (Cretaceous, Bivalvia) from the Upper Turonian of the Pombets area, Central Hokkaido. Transactions and Proceedings of the Paleontological Society of Japan, N.S., 136, 455–473.
63. Noda, M. and Matsumoto, T. 1998. Palaeontology and stratigraphy of the inoceramid species from the mid-Turonian through upper Middle Coniacian in Japan. Acta Geologica Polonica, 48, 432–482.
64. Ogg, J.G., Agtenberg, F.P. and Gradstein, F.M. 2004. The Cretaceous Period. In: F.M. Gradstein, J. Ogg and A. Smith (Eds), a Geologic Time Scale 2004, pp. 344–383. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
65. Parkinson, J. 1818. Remarks on the fossils collected by Mr. Phillips near Dover and Folkstone. Transactions of the Geological Society, 1, 1–55. London.
66. Pavlova, M.M. 1955. Inoceramids of the Upper Cretaceous deposits of Daghestan. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Moscow State University; Moscow. In Russian
67. Pergament, M.A. and Smirnov, J.P. 1972. Vertical distribution and stratigraphic importance of inocerams in the Upper Cretaceous sections of Daghestan. In: Pergament, M.A. (Ed.), Transactions of the All-Union colloquium on inocerams, pp. 94–113. Moscow. In Russian
68. Pessagno, E.A. Jr. 1967. Upper Cretaceous planktonic foraminifera from the Western Gulf Coastal Plain. Palaeontographica Americana, 5, 259–441.
69. Petrascheck, W. 1903. Ueber Inoceramen aus der Kreide Böhmens und Sachsen. Jahresberichte der Kaiserlisch-Königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt, 53 (1), 153–168.
70. Pożaryska, K. and Peryt, D. 1979. The Late Cretaceous and Early Paleocene foraminiferal “Transition Province” in Poland. Aspekte der Kreide Europas, International Union of Geological Sciences, Series A, 6, 293–303.
71. Premoli Silva, I. and Sliter, W.V. 1994. Cretaceous planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy and evolutionary trends from the Bottaccione Section, Gubbio, Italy. Palaeontographica Italiana, 81, 2–90.
72. Premoli Silva, I. and Verga, D. 2004. Practical Manual of Cretaceous Planktonic Foraminifera. In: D. Verga and R. Rettori (Eds), International School on Planktonic Foraminifera, 30 Course. Cretaceous. 283 pp. Universities of Perugia and Milan, Tipografia Pontefelcino; Perugia.
73. Robaszynski, F. and Caron, M. (Eds) and European Working Group on Planktonic Foraminifera. 1979. Atlas de foraminiferes planctoniques du Crétacé moyen (mer boréale et Téthys). Cahiers de Micropaléontologie, 1-2, 1–366.
74. Robaszynski F. and Caron M. 1995. Foraminiferes planctoniques du Crétacé: commentaire de la zonation Europe-Mediterranée. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 166, 681–692.
75. Robaszynski, F., Caron, M., Dupuis, C., Amedro, F., Gonzales-Donoso, J.M., Linares, D., Hardenbol, J., Gartner, S., Calandra, F. and Deloffre, R. 1990. A tentative integrated stratigraphy in the Turonian of Central Tunisia: Formations, zones and sequential stratigraphy in the Kalaat Senan area. Bulletin des Centres de Recherches Exploration-Production Elf-Aquitaine, 14, 213–384.
76. Schlotheim, von E.T. 1813. Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Versteinerungen in geognostischer Hinsicht. Leonhard’s Taschenbuch fur Mineralogie 5-7, 93 pp. Frankfurt am Main.
77. Schlüter, C. 1877. Kreide-Bivalven. Zur Gattung Inoceramus. Palaeontographica, 24, 250–288.
78. Stampfli, G.M., Borel, G.D., Cavazza, W., Mosar, J., Ziegler P.A. 2001. Palaeotectonic and palaeogeographic evolution of the western Tethys and Peritethyan domain (IGCP Project 369). Episodes, 24, 221–228.
79. Tröger, K.-A. 1967. Zur Palaontologie, Biostratigraphie und faziellen Ausbildung der unteren Oberkreide (Cenoman bis Turon). Teil I: Palaontologie und Biostratigraphie der Inoceramen des Cenomans bis Turons. Abhandlungen des Staatlichen Museums fur Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, 12, 13–208.
80. Tröger, K.-A. 1989. Problems of Upper Cretaceous inoceramid biostratigraphy and paleobiogeography in Europe and Western Asia. In: Wiedmann, J. (Ed.), Cretaceous of the Western Tethys. Proceedings 3rd International Cretaceous Symposium, Tübingen 1987, pp. 911–930. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung; Stuttgart.
81. Tur, N.A., Smirnov, J.P. and Huber, B. 2001. Late Albian – Coniacian planktic foraminifera and biostratigraphy of the northeastern Caucasus. Cretaceous Research, 22, 719–734.
82. Walaszczyk, I. and Cobban, W.A. 2000. Inoceramid faunas and biostratigraphy of the Upper Turonian – Lower Coniacian of the Western Interior of the United States. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 64, 1–118.
83. Walaszczyk, I. and Cobban, W. A. 2006. Inoceramid fauna and biostratigraphy of the middle Upper Coniacian and Santonian of the US Western Interior. Acta Geologica Polonica, 56, 241–348.
84. Walaszczyk, I., Kopaevich, L.F. and Olferiev, A.G. 2004. Inoceramid/foraminiferal succession of the Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Briansk region (Central European Russia). Acta Geologica Polonica, 54, 597–609.
85. Walaszczyk, I., Lees, J.A., Peryt, D., Cobban, W.A. and Wood, C.J. 2012. Testing the congruence of the macrofossils versus microfossil record in the Turonian–Coniacian boundary succession of the Wagon Mound–Springer composite section (NE New Mexico, USA). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62, 581–594.
86. Walaszczyk, I. and Peryt, D. 1998. Inoceramid-foraminiferal biostratigraphy of the Turonian through Santonian deposits of the Middle Vistula Section, Central Poland. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie I, 11/12, 1501–1513.
87. Walaszczyk, I. and Wood, C.J. 1998. Inoceramids and biostratigraphy at the Turonian/Coniacian boundary; based on the Salzgitter-Salder Quarry, and the Słupia Nadbrzeżna section, Central Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 48, 395–434.
88. Walaszczyk, I., Wood, C.J., 1999. Inoceramid stratigraphy. In: Niebuhr, B., Baldschuhn, R., Ernst, E., Walaszczyk, I., Weiss, W., Wood, C.J., The Upper Cretaceous Succession (Cenomanian–Santonian) of the Staffhorst Shaft, Lower Saxony, Northern Germany: Integrated Biostratigraphic, Lithostratigraphic and Downhole Geophysical Log Data. Acta Geologica Polonica, 49, 175–213.
89. Walaszczyk, I., Wood, C.J., Lees, J.A., Peryt, D., Voigt, S. and Wiese, F. 2010. The Salzgitter-Salder Quarry (Lower Saxony, Germany) and Słupia Nadbrzeżna river cliff section (central Poland): a proposed candidate composite Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point for the Coniacian Stage (Upper Cretaceous). Acta Geologica Polonica, 60, 445–477.
90. Wolansky, D. 1932. Die Cephalopoden und Lamellibranchiaten der Ober-Kreide Pommerns. Abhandlungen des Geologisch-Palaeontogischen Institut Greifswald, 9, 1–72.
91. Wood, C.J., Ernst G. and Rasemann, G. 1984. The Turonian-Coniacian stage boundary in Lower Saxony (Germany) and adjacent areas: the Salzgitter-Salder Quarry as a proposed international standard section. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 33, 225–238.
92. Wood, C.J., Walaszczyk, I., Mortimore, R.N and Woods, M.A. 2004. New observations on the inoceramid biostratigraphy of the higher part of the Upper Turonian and the Turonian – Coniacian boundary transition in Poland, Germany and the UK. Acta Geologica Polonica, 54, 541–549.
93. Woods, H. 1912. A monograph of the Cretaceous lamellibranchia of England. Palaeontographical Society, Monograph, 2, 262–340.
DOI :
Cytuj : Kennedy, W. J. ,Walaszczyk, I. ,Kopaevich, L. ,Beniamovski, V. N. , Inoceramid and foraminiferal record and biozonation of the Turonian and Coniacian (Upper Cretaceous) of the Mangyshlak Mts., western Kazakhstan. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 63, no. 4/2013
facebook