Article : Ionospheric and Solar Wind Variation during Magnetic Storm Onset and Main Phase at Low- and Mid-latitudes
Authors : Białecki, M.Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Bevis, M.School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA, email@example.com, Pan, E.Department of Civil Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA, Zhou, H.School of Earth Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA, Han, F.Department of Civil Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA, Zhu, R.Department of Civil Engineering, University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA, Sun, Q.School of Resources and Geosciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China, firstname.lastname@example.org, Xue, L.Key Laboratory of Shale Gas and Geoengineering, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, Zhu, S.School of Resources and Geosciences, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China, Hekmatian, M. E.Faculty of Basic Sciences of Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran; Nuclear Fuel Cycle Research School of Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran, Iran, email@example.com, Ardestani, V. E.Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, firstname.lastname@example.org, Riahi, M. A.Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, email@example.com, Bagh, A. M. K.Nuclear Fuel Cycle Research School of Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute (NSTRI), Tehran, Iran; Faculty of Engineering of South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, firstname.lastname@example.org, Amini, J.Faculty of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran, email@example.com, Cheng, B.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, China / Key Laboratory of Earth Exploration and Information Technology of Ministry of Education, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, China / Meteorological Information and Signal Processing / Key Laboratory of Sichuan Higher Education Institutes, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu, China, firstname.lastname@example.org, Xu, T.3rd Geophysical Institute, Exploration and Production Institute, Southwest Oil and Gas Company, SINOPEC, Chengdu, China, Robbins, B.Fugro Aperio, Fugro Onshore Geotechnics, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK, Shen, Z. M.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu, China, Toushmalani, R.Department of Computer, Faculty of Engineering, Kangavar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kangavar, Iran, email@example.com, Saibi, H.Laboratory of Exploration Geophysics, Department of Earth Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org, Chakravarthini, V.Centre for Earth and Space Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, email@example.com, Ramamma, B.Centre for Earth and Space Sciences, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India, firstname.lastname@example.org, Białoń, W.Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, email@example.com, Zarzycka, E.Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Lasocki, S.Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, email@example.com, Bose, S. K.S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata 700064, India, firstname.lastname@example.org, Bałdysz, Z.Military University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Warszawa, Poland, email@example.com, Nykiel, G.Military University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Warszawa, Poland;, Figurski, M.Military University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Warszawa, Poland;, Szafranek, K.Military University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Warszawa, Poland;, Kroszczyński, K.Military University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Warszawa, Poland;, Kroszczyński, K.Military University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Warszawa, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Adekoya, B. J.Department of Physics, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Nigeria, email@example.com, Adebesin, B. O.Department of Physical Sciences, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Nigeria, firstname.lastname@example.org,
Abstract : The relationship between the F2-layer critical frequency and solar wind parameters during magnetic storm sudden commencement (SSC) and main phase periods for intense (IS) and very intense (VIS) class of storms is investigated. The analysis covers low- and mid-latitude stations. The effects of ionospheric storm during SSC period is insignificant compared to the main phase, but can trigger the latter. The main phase is characterized by severe negative storm effect at both latitudes during VIS periods while it is latitudinal symmetric for IS observations. The IS reveal positive/negative storm phase in the low-/mid-latitudes, respectively. Ionization density effect is more prominent during VIS events, and is attributed to large energetic particle and solar activity input into the earth magnetosphere. However, ionospheric effect is more significant at the low-latitude than at the mid-latitude. Lastly, ionospheric storm effect during a geomagnetic storm may be related to the combinational effect of interplanetary and geomagnetic parameters and internal ionospheric effect, not necessarily the solar wind alone.
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Qute : Białecki, M. ,Bevis, M. ,Pan, E. ,Zhou, H. ,Han, F. ,Zhu, R. ,Sun, Q. ,Xue, L. ,Zhu, S. ,Hekmatian, M. E. ,Ardestani, V. E. ,Riahi, M. A. ,Bagh, A. M. K. ,Amini, J. ,Cheng, B. ,Xu, T. ,Robbins, B. ,Shen, Z. M. ,Toushmalani, R. ,Saibi, H. ,Chakravarthini, V. ,Ramamma, B. ,Białoń, W. ,Zarzycka, E. ,Lasocki, S. ,Bose, S. K. ,Bałdysz, Z. ,Nykiel, G. ,Figurski, M. ,Szafranek, K. ,Kroszczyński, K. ,Kroszczyński, K. ,Adekoya, B. J. ,Adebesin, B. O. ,Adebesin, B. O. , Ionospheric and Solar Wind Variation during Magnetic Storm Onset and Main Phase at Low- and Mid-latitudes. Acta Geophysica Vol. 63, no. 4/2015