Journal : Acta Geologica Polonica
Article : Large Chirotheriidae tracks in the Early Triassic of Wióry, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland

Authors :
Wilmsen, M.
Institut fur Palaontologie der Bayerischen Julius-Maximilians-Universitat, Pleicherwall 1, D-97070 Wurzburg, Germany, m.wilmsen@mail.uni-wuerzburg.de,
Chwieduk, E.
Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Makow Polnych Str. 16, PL-61-606 Poznan, Poland, chwieduk@amu.edu.pl,
Jurewicz, E.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL-02-089 Warsaw, Poland, edyta.jurewicz@uw.edu.pl,
Niedźwiedzki, G.
Department of Paleobiology and Evolution, Faculty of Biology, Warsaw University, S. Banacha Str. 2, PL-02-097 Warszawa, Poland, grzegorzniedzwiedzki@yahoo.com,
Abstract : Very large chirotheriid tracks have been discovered in the Early Triassic Wióry Formation (=Labyrinthodontidae and Hieroglyphic Beds), middle part of the Middle Buntsandstein, exposed at Wióry in the northeastern part of the Holy Cross Mountains (central Poland). Hitherto, six small and medium-sized chirotheriid tracks from the Wióry locality have been described. In the present paper two ichnotaxa are proposed: Synaptichnium senkowiczowae ichnosp. nov. and Brachychirotherium kalkowensis ichnosp. nov. Their presumed trackmakers, large Early Triassic (Olenekian) Archosauriformes (Proterosuchidae, Erythrosuchidae), about 5-7 m long, are unknown from the osteological record of this age worldwide. The newly described ichnotaxa represent the oldest known record of large chirotheriid tracks in the Middle Buntsandstein of Poland. The presence of large chirotheriid tracks in the upper part of the Early Triassic deposits is very important for the understanding of the evolution and radiation of early Archosauromorpha, as well as for reconstructing Early Triassic terrestrial palaeoecosystems.

Keywords : Archozauromorfy, Polska, pstry piaskowiec, trias dolny, tropy kręgowców, Archosauromorpha, Buntsandstein, Chirotheriidae, Lower Triassic, Poland, Vertebrate tracks,
Publishing house : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Publication date : 2007
Number : Vol. 57, no. 3
Page : 325 – 342

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DOI :
Qute : Wilmsen, M. ,Chwieduk, E. ,Jurewicz, E. ,Niedźwiedzki, G. ,Niedźwiedzki, G. , Large Chirotheriidae tracks in the Early Triassic of Wióry, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 57, no. 3/2007
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