Journal : Acta Geophysica
Article : Measurements of armour layer roughness geometry function and porosity

Authors :
Rowiński, P.
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Księcia Janusza 64, 01-452 Warszawa, Poland,,
Nikora, V.
Engineering Department, University of Aberdeen, King’s College, Scotland, UK,,
Majewski, W.
Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, ul. Podleśna 61, 01-673 Warszawa, Poland,,
Aberle, J.
Leichtweiss-Institute for Hydraulic Engineering, Technical University of Braunschweig, Beethovenstr. 51, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany,,
Abstract : The roughness geometry function of the interfacial sublayer of a gravel-bed armour layer was measured directly by filling water stepwise into a laboratory flume and indirectly from a digital elevation model (DEM) of the surface. The re-sults of both methods are compared and show that the DEM can be used to reliably estimate the roughness density function for a wide range of the interfacial sublayer. The direct measurements revealed an absolute minimum of porosity at the level of the roughness trough which is significantly smaller than porosity in the undisturbed subsurface and porosity estimates obtained from relationships found in the litera-ture. The significance of the results for hydraulic engineering and ecological appli-cations is highlighted.

Keywords : Armour Layer, porosity, digital elevation model,
Publishing house : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Publication date : 2007
Number : Vol. 55, no. 1
Page : 23 – 32

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Qute : Rowiński, P. ,Nikora, V. ,Majewski, W. ,Aberle, J. ,Aberle, J. , Measurements of armour layer roughness geometry function and porosity. Acta Geophysica Vol. 55, no. 1/2007