Journal : Acta Geophysica
Article : New results on radiation effects on human health

Authors :
Lilensten, J.
Laboratoire de Planétologie de Grenoble, OSUG-CNRS, Grenoble, France,,
Zuccarello, F.
Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá di Catania, Catania, Italy,,
Zuccarello, F.
Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universitá di Catania, Catania, Italy,,
Lundstedt, H.
Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Lund, Sweden,,
Kretzschmar, M.
LPCE/CNRS, Orléans, France,,
Contarino, L.
INAF Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania, Catania, Italy,,
Messerotti, M.
INAF-Trieste Astronomical Observatory, Trieste, Italy,,
Desorgher, L.
Physikalisches Institut, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland,,
Usoskin, I. G.
Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland,,
Dudok de Wit, T.
LPCE, CNRS and University of Orléans, Orléans, France,,
Valtonen, E.
Space Research Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Turku, Turku, Finland,,
Spurny, F.
Nuclear Physics Institute, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic,,
Abstract : Humans are exposed to ionizing radiation all the time, and it is known that it can induce a variety of harmful biological effects. Consequently, it is necessary to quantitatively assess the level of exposure to this radiation as the basis for estimating risks due to ionization radiation. During the Work Package 2400 of the COST-724/WG-2 action, a number of spacecraft and aircraft experiments have been performed with both active and passive detectors. A large data base has been created. In this contribution we would like to stress the results obtained and their importance in three particular directions: (i) Simultaneous investigation of galactic cosmic rays on aircraft and on the International Space Station (ISS); (ii) Onboard spacecraft neutron contribution as estimated on the basis of the comparison of results measured with MDU/Liulin equipment onboard ISS, foton capsule and a commercial aircraft flying at subsonic altitudes; (iii) Complex analysis of the results of long term measurements onboard a Czech Airlines aircraft. The results obtained are presented, analyzed, and discussed, and their complementary nature is underlined. The contribution represents a version of the Final Report of the Work Package 2400 of the COST-724/WG-2: Radiation Environment of the Earth.

Keywords : radiation measurements, radiation biology, dosimetry, spacecraft, aircraft,
Publishing house : Instytut Geofizyki PAN
Publication date : 2009
Number : Vol. 57, no. 1
Page : 125 – 140

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Qute : Lilensten, J. ,Zuccarello, F. ,Zuccarello, F. ,Lundstedt, H. ,Kretzschmar, M. ,Contarino, L. ,Messerotti, M. ,Desorgher, L. ,Usoskin, I. G. ,Dudok de Wit, T. ,Valtonen, E. ,Spurny, F. ,Spurny, F. , New results on radiation effects on human health. Acta Geophysica Vol. 57, no. 1/2009