Phosphorus minerals in tonstein; coal seam 405 at Sośnica-Makoszowy coal mine, Upper Silesia, southern Poland

Czasopismo : Acta Geologica Polonica
Tytuł artykułu : Phosphorus minerals in tonstein; coal seam 405 at Sośnica-Makoszowy coal mine, Upper Silesia, southern Poland

Autorzy :
Klapper, G.
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA., g-klapper@northwestern.edu,
Vodrážková, S.
GeoZentrum Nordbayern, Fachgruppe Paläoumwelt, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Loewenichstr. 28, Erlangen, Germany and Czech Geological Survey, P.O.B. 85, 118 21 Prague 1, Czech Republic. , stana.vodrazkova@seznam.cz,
Kędzior, A.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 93, PL-02-089 Warsaw, Poland.Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geological Sciences, Krakow Research Centre, Senacka 1 str; PL-31-002, Krakow, Poland, ndkedzio@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Popa, M. E.
University of Bucharest, Faculty of Geology and Geophysics, Laboratory of Palaeontology, 1, N. Balcescu Ave., R-010041, Bucharest, Romania, mihai@mepopa.com,
Lakova, I.
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria, lakova@geology.bas.bg,
Petrova, S.
Geological Institute, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. G. Bonchev St., Bl. 24, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria, silviya_p@geology.bas.bg,
Bąk, K.
Institute of Geography, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Podchor¹¿ych St. 2, PL-30-084 Krakow, Poland, sgbak@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Bąk, M.
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30 Mickiewicza Av., PL-30-059 Krakow, Poland. , martabak@agh.edu.pl,
Hayakawa, T.
Department of Earth Sciences, Resources and Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of Creative Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Nishi-waseda 1-6-1, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan, Present address: TS Network Co., Ltd., Asakusabashi 4-17-7, Taito-ku, Tokyo 111-0053, Japan, hanamizuki@y.asagi.waseda.jp,
Hirano, H.
Department of Earth Sciences, School of Education, Waseda University, Nishi-waseda 1-6-1, Shinjukuku, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan, hhirano@waseda.jp,
Marciniszyn, T.
Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, PL-50-370 Wroclaw, Poland, tomasz.marciniszyn@pwr.wroc.pl,
Sieradzki, A.
Institute of Physics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, PL-50-370 Wroclaw, Poland, adam.sieradzki@pwr.wroc.pl,
Kokowska-Pawłowska, M.
Institute of Applied Geology, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 2 Street, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland, magalena.kokowska-pawlowska@polsl.pl,
Nowak, J.
Institute of Applied Geology, Silesian University of Technology, Akademicka 2 Street, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland, jacek.nowak@polsl.pl,
Abstrakty : The paper presents results of research on tonstein, which constitutes an interburden in coal seam 405 at the Sośnica – Makoszowy coal mine, Makoszowy field (mining level 600 m), Upper Silesia, southern Poland. The mineral and chemical compositions of the tonstein differ from the typical compositions described earlier for tonsteins from Upper Silesia Coal Basin area. Additionally, minerals present in the tonsteins include kaolinite, quartz, kaolinitised biotite and feldspars. The presence of the phosphatic minerals apatite and goyazite has been recognized. The presence of gorceixite and crandallite is also possible. The contents of CaO (5.66 wt%) and P2O5(6.2 wt%) are remarkably high. Analysis of selected trace elements demonstrated high contents of Sr (4937 ppm) and Ba (4300 ppm), related to the phosphatic minerals. On the basis of mineral composition the tonstein has been identified as a crystalline tonstein, transitional to a multiplied one.

Słowa kluczowe : tonstein, warstwy załęskie, goyazyt, apatyt, fosfor, bar, stront, tonstein, Załęże beds, goyazite, gorceixite, apatite, phosphorus, barium, strontium,
Wydawnictwo : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 63, no. 2
Strony : 271 – 281
Bibliografia : 1. Adamczyk, Z. 1993. Tonsztajn z pokładu węgla 610 z niecki jejkowickiej. I Cesko-polske Konference o Sedimentologii Karbonu Hornoslezske Panve, Ostrava, pp. 41–52. In Polish with English summary
2. Adamczyk, Z. 1997. The importance of tonstein from the Coal Seam 610 as the correlation horizon in the southwestern part of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Kwartalnik Geologiczny, 41, 309–314.
3. Adamczyk, Z. 1998. Petrographical study of barren rock inserts within coal seams of the upper marginal beds in the Jejkowice tectonic trough area, pp. 1–90. Prace Geologiczne PAN. Wydawnictwo Instytutu Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energią PAN; Kraków. In Polish with English summary
4. Admakin, L.A. 1995, Classification and Nomenclature of Tonsteins, Litologiya i Poleznye Iskopaemye, 6, 643–654.
5. Admakin, L.A. 2001. Lithogenetic Indicators of Tonsteins. Lithology and Mineral Resouces, 36, 23–32.
6. Bayliss, P., Erd, D., Mrose, M., Sabina, A., Smith, A.D. 1986. Mineral Powder Diffraction File. Data Book, pp. 1–1367.
7. International Center for Diffraction Data; Swarthmore. Bohor, B. F. and Triplehorn, D.M. 1993. Tonsteins: altered volcanic-ash layers in coal-bearing sequences. Geological Society of America, Special Paper, 285, p. 44.
8. Bolewski, A. and Manecki, A. 1993. Mineralogia szczegółowa, pp. 1–664. Wydawnictwo Polskiej Agencji Ekologicznej; Warszawa. In Polish
9. Dai, S., Zhou, Y., Ren, D., Wang, X., Li, D. and Zhao, L. 2007. Geochemistry and mineralogy of the Late Permian coals from the Songzao Coalfield, Chongqing, southwestern China. Science in China Series D: Earth Science, 50, 678–688.
10. Dai, S., Wang, X., Zhou, Y., Hower, J.C., Li, D. and Chen, W. 2011. Chemical and mineralogical composition of silicic, mafic, and alkali tonsteins in the late Permian coals from the Songzao Coalfield, Chongqing, Southwest China. Chemical Geology, 282, 29–44.
11. Dopita, M. and Kralik, J. 1977. Uhelne tonsteiny ostravskokarvinskeho rewiru, pp. 1–212. VS banska; Ostrawa.
12. Faure, K., Willis, J.P. and Dreyer, J.C. 1996. The Grootegeluk Formation in the Waterberg Coalfield, South Africa: facies, paleoenvironment and thermal history – evidence from organic and clastic matter. International Journal of Coal Geology, 29, 147–186.
13. Gabzdyl, W. 1984. Further findings of tonstein in the coal seam 610 in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Przegląd Geologiczny, 1, 19–24. In Polish with English summary
14. Gabzdyl, W. 1990. Petrographical characteristic of tonsteins from the Upper Silesian Coal basin. Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej, seria: Górnictwo, 187, 7–24. In Polish with English summary
15. Gabzdyl, W. and Duźniak, S. 1986. Role of claystone from seam 610 in the identification of coal seams from Porębskie layers in the underground border structure of Knurów and Sośnica mine. Przegląd Górniczy, 7–8, 210–214. In Polish with English summary
16. Grevenitz, P., Carr, P. and Hutton, A. 2003. Origin, alteration and geochemical correlation of Late Permian airfall tuffs in coal measures, Sydney Basin, Australia. International Journal of Coal Geology, 55, 27–46.
17. Hanak, B. and Kokowska-Pawłowska, M. 2005a. Zmienność zawartości pierwiastków śladowych i podrzędnych w węglu i skałach towarzyszących pokładom warstw porębskich (610 i 620). Projekt badawczy o numerze 5T12B 022 23. Archiwum Instytutu Geologii Stosowanej. Politechnika Śląska.
18. Hanak, B. and Kokowska-Pawłowska, M. 2005b. Petrographic and mineral variability and the change of the trace elements content in the tonsteins of the 610 coal seam. Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej, seria: Górnictwo, 269, 109–117. In Polish with English summary
19. Hill, P. A. 1988. Tonsteins of Hat Creek. British Columbia: a preliminary study. International Journal of Coal Geology, 10, 155–175.
20. Kramer, W., Weatherall, G. and Offler R. 2001. Origin and correlation of tuffs in the Permian Newcastle and Wollombi Coal Measures, NSW, Australia, using chemical fingerprinting. International Journal of Coal Geology, 47, 115–135.
21. Kuhl, J. 1957. Mineral raw materials accompagnying coal deposits and their utilisation. Przegląd Geologiczny, 6, 248–255. In Polish
22. Kuhl, J. and Kapuściński, T. 1969. Pyroclastic deposits in the Poręba beds (Grodziec) of Milowice Mine. Przegląd Geologiczny, 8, 373–377. In Polish with English summary
23. Kuhl, J. 1972. New localities of the fire slates in the Lower Mikołów and Poręba beds of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Przegląd Geologiczny, 8-9, 382–386. In Polish with English summary
24. Kuhl, J. 1974. Carboniferus polishing slate of Gliwice colliery, its mineral structure, genesis and industrial value. Wzbogacanie i Utylizacja Kopalin, 1, 6–14. In Polish
25. Lipiarski, I., Muszyński, M. and Stolecki, J. 1993. Tonstein from the coal seam no. 385 in the Lublin Formation (Lower Westphalian) from the Lublin Coal Basin. Geological Quarterly, 37, 537–564.
26. Loughnan, F.C. and Ward, C.R. 1970. Gorceixite – goyazite in kaolinite rocks of the Sydney Basin. Journal and proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales, 103, 77–80.
27. Łapot, W. 1992. Petrographic diversity of tonsteins from the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (GZW). Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Śląskiego,1326, 1–110. In Polish with English summary
28. Muszyński, M. and Wyszomirski, P. 1982. Minerals of crandalite grup in some tonstein of the Lublin Coal Basin. Mineralogia Polonica, 13, 17–23.
29. Muszyński, M. and Wyszomirski, P. 1998. New occurrences of the crandallite grup minerale in sedimentary rocks of Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, 29, 19–27.
30. Ryszka, J. and Gabzdyl, W. 1986. Tonsteins and other thufogenic rocks as time indicators, their significance for the recognition and mining of coal beds in the Upper Silesia Coal Basin. Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej, seria: Górnictwo, 149, 519–533. In Polish with English summary
31. Spears, D.A. and Kanaris-Sotiriou, R. 1979. A geochemical and mineralogical investigation of some British and other European tonsteins. Sedimentology, 26, 407–425.
32. Spears, D.A., Duff, P.McL. and Caine, P.M. 1988. The West Waterberg tonstein. South Africa. International Journal of Coal Geology, 9, 221–233.
33. Środoń, J. 1972. Mineralogy of Coal-tonstein and K-bentonite from Coal-seam no 610, Bytom Trough (Upper Silesian Coal Basin) Poland. Bulletin de l’Académie Polonaise des Sciences. Série des Sciences de la Terre,20, 155–164.
34. Święch, F. and Kwiecińska, B. 2003. Heavy metal concentrations in bituminous coal from the “Janina” coal mine, Libiąż, USCB, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, 34, 69–76.
35. Triplehorn, D. and Bohor, B. 1986. Volcanic ash layers in coal: origin, distribution, composition and significance. American Chemical Society Symposium Series, 201, 90–98.
36. Ward, C.R. 2002. Analysis and significance of mineral matter in coal seams. International Journal of Coal Geology, 50, 135–168.
37. Wilson, A.A., Sergeant, G.A., Young, B.R. and Harrison, R.K. 1966. The Rowhurst tonstein North Staffordshire and the occurrence of crandallite. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 35, 421–427.
38. Zhou, Y., Bohor, B.F. and Ren, Y. 2000. Trace element geochemistry of altered volcanic ash layers (tonsteins) in Late Permian coal-bearing formations of eastern Yunnan and western Guizhou Province, China. International Journal of Coal Geology, 44, 305–324.
DOI :
Cytuj : Klapper, G. ,Vodrážková, S. ,Kędzior, A. ,Popa, M. E. ,Lakova, I. ,Petrova, S. ,Bąk, K. ,Bąk, M. ,Hayakawa, T. ,Hirano, H. ,Marciniszyn, T. ,Sieradzki, A. ,Kokowska-Pawłowska, M. ,Nowak, J. , Phosphorus minerals in tonstein; coal seam 405 at Sośnica-Makoszowy coal mine, Upper Silesia, southern Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 63, no. 2/2013
facebook