Journal : Acta Chromatographica
Article : RP-HPLC determination of cilostazol in human plasma: Application to pharmacokinetic study in male albino rabbit

Authors :
Mansoor, S.
Georgia Institute of Technology School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Atlanta GA 30332-0100 USA,
Tas, C.
Georgia Institute of Technology School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Atlanta GA 30332-0100 USA, ctas@gata.edu.tr,
Patel, D. S.
Pramukh Swami Science and H.D. Patel Arts College Chemistry Department Sarva Vidyalaya Campus Kadi 382 715 Gujarat India,
Sharma, N.
BA Research India Ltd. Bio-Analytical Laboratory Bodakdev, Ahmedabad 380054 Gujarat India,
Patel, M. C.
Pramukh Swami Science and H.D. Patel Arts College Chemistry Department Sarva Vidyalaya Campus Kadi 382 715 Gujarat India,
Patel, B. N.
BA Research India Ltd. Bio-Analytical Laboratory Bodakdev, Ahmedabad 380054 Gujarat India, bhavinpatel27@rediffmail.com,
Shrivastav, P. S.
Gujarat University Department of Chemistry, School of Sciences Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009 Gujarat India, pranav_shrivastav@yahoo.com,
Sanyal, M.
St. Xavier’s College Department of Chemistry Navrangpura, Ahmedabad 380009 Gujarat India,
Wang, G. Y.
Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Chemistry of Northwestern Plant Resources and Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics Lanzhou 730000 P. R. China,
Shi, Y. P.
Lanzhou University of Technology School of Petroleum and Chemical Engineering Lanzhou 730050 P. R. China, shiyp@licp.cas.cn,
Akowuah, G. A.
UCSI University Faculty of Applied Sciences No. 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights 56000 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia, wuahmy@yahoo.com,
Okechukwu, P. N.
UCSI University Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences No. 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights 56000 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia,
Chiam, N. C.
UCSI University Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences No. 1, Jalan Menara Gading, UCSI Heights 56000 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia,
Raszewski, G.
Institute of Agricultural Medicine Department of Pathophysiology Lublin Poland, grasz@galen.imw.lublin.pl,
Juszczak, M.
Institute of Agricultural Medicine Department of Medical Biology Lublin Poland,
Lemieszek, M. K.
Institute of Agricultural Medicine Department of Medical Biology Lublin Poland,
Matysiak, J.
University of Life Sciences Department of Chemistry Lublin Poland,
Niewiadomy, A.
University of Life Sciences Department of Chemistry Lublin Poland,
Rzeski, W.
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University Department of Virology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology and Biotechnology Lublin Poland,
Reddy, P. S.
IPDO Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. Bachupally, Hyderabad 500072 A.P India, sunilpsr@yahoo.com,
Babu, K. S.
S. K. University Department of Chemistry Anantapur 515055 A.P. India,
Kumar, N.
IPDO Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd. Bachupally, Hyderabad 500072 A.P India,
Pareek, D.
Rajiv Gandhi Technological University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Bhopal 462033 Madhya Pradesh India,
Jain, S.
Sagar Institute of Research and Technology Ayodhya bypass, Bhopal 462 041 MP India,
Basniwa, P. K.
Rajiv Gandhi Technological University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Bhopal 462033 Madhya Pradesh India,
Jain, D.
Rajiv Gandhi Technological University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences Bhopal 462033 Madhya Pradesh India, deepti2515@yahoo.com,
Abstract : A sensitive validated high-performance liquid-chromatographic method for analysis of cilostazol in human plasma (in vitro) has been developed, and it was applied to determine pharmacokinetics of cilostazol in male albino rabbit. Cilostazol was extracted from human plasma (in vitro) by acetonitrile, and efficient chromatographic elution was achieved on a C18 column (250 × 4.60 mm i.d., 0.5 μm particle size) with an isocratic mobile phase [acetonitrile-50 mM acetate buffer (pH 5.0, glacial acetic acid)-water (50:20:30)] at flow rate of 1.5 mL min−1. Quantification was carried out by photo-diode array (PDA) detection at 248 nm. The linearity of the method was excellent over the range 0.2–2 μg mL-1with low limits of detection (0.005 μg mL-1) and quantification (0.05 μg mL-1). The extraction recovery of the drug from plasma was consistently good (73.45–78.64%), with low relative standard deviation (0.44–1.65%). Robustness studies confirmed that peak area was unaffected by small changes in temperature, mobile phase (composition and pH). The maximum concentration (Cmax) in rabbit (in vivo) was determined 1.620 μg mL-1at tmax (0.51 h) with 0.63% RSD by validated bioanalytical method.

Keywords : cilostazol, human plasma, RP-HPLC, pharmacokinetics, rabbit,
Publishing house : University of Silesia in Katowice
Publication date : 2014
Number : Vol. 26, no. 2
Page : 283 – 296

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DOI :
Qute : Mansoor, S. ,Tas, C. ,Patel, D. S. ,Sharma, N. ,Patel, M. C. ,Patel, B. N. ,Shrivastav, P. S. ,Sanyal, M. ,Wang, G. Y. ,Shi, Y. P. ,Akowuah, G. A. ,Okechukwu, P. N. ,Chiam, N. C. ,Raszewski, G. ,Juszczak, M. ,Lemieszek, M. K. ,Matysiak, J. ,Niewiadomy, A. ,Rzeski, W. ,Reddy, P. S. ,Babu, K. S. ,Kumar, N. ,Pareek, D. ,Jain, S. ,Basniwa, P. K. ,Jain, D. ,Jain, D. , RP-HPLC determination of cilostazol in human plasma: Application to pharmacokinetic study in male albino rabbit. Acta Chromatographica Vol. 26, no. 2/2014
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