Journal : Acta Geologica Polonica
Article : Sedimentary environments of the Neogene basins associated with the Cao Bang – Tien Yen Fault, NE Vietnam

Authors :
Fedorowski, J.
Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Maków Polnych 16, PL-61-606 Poznań, Poland,,
Dunlop, J.
Museum fur Naturkunde, Leibniz Institute for Research on Evolution and Biodiversity at the Humboldt University Berlin, Invalidenstrasse 43, D-10115 Berlin, Germany,,
Wysocka, A.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL-02-089 Warszawa, Poland,,
Abstract : The Na Duong, That Khe and Cao Bang sedimentary basins associated with the Cao Bang – TienYen Fault (northern Vietnam) developed in the zone subparallel (distance ca. 150 km NW) to the major strike-slip Red River Fault Zone that separates the South China and the Indochina terranes. These fault-controlled basins are filled with thick series of Neogene terrestrial deposits. Thirteen sedimentary lithofacies were distinguished and grouped into facies associations to represent seven depositional environments, as follows: alluvial fans, gravel-dominated fluvial channels, sand-dominated fluvial channels, flood plains, lake margins and/or river mouths, lakes, and swamps. The facies association pattern, different in each of the investigated basins, is interpreted as a coal-bearing fluvial to lacustrine environment for the Na Duong Basin, and a fluvial environment for the That Khe Basin. The most complex pattern is displayed by the Cao Bang Basin and interpreted as an alluvial-fan to lacustrine environment. The origin of theses basins may be correlated with a sinistral transtensional regime which occurred in the Early to Middle Miocene. Besides tectonic activity, the evolution of particular basinswas also controlled by the climate,which caused a change in the rate of sediment supply and weathering conditions. The present-day shape of these basins does not correspond to their original plan, having resulted from the post-sedimentary uplift and erosion.

Keywords : baseny sedymentacyjne, facje asocjacji, neogen, osad fitogeniczny, osad klastyczny, uskok Cao Bang – Tien Yen, Wietnam, Cao Bang – Tien Yen Fault, Clastic deposits, Facies associations, Neogene, Phytogenic deposits, Tectono-sedimentation, Terrestrial sedimentary basins, Vietnam,
Publishing house : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Publication date : 2009
Number : Vol. 59, no. 1
Page : 45 – 69

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Qute : Fedorowski, J. ,Dunlop, J. ,Wysocka, A. ,Wysocka, A. , Sedimentary environments of the Neogene basins associated with the Cao Bang – Tien Yen Fault, NE Vietnam. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 59, no. 1/2009