Journal : Acta Chromatographica
Article : Semi-preparative isolation and characterization of a principal oxidative degradation product in galantamine hydrobromide by LC-ESI-MSn and 2D-NMR

Authors :
Fatemi, M. H.
University of Mazandaran Faculty of Chemistry Babolsar Iran,
Hadjmohammadi, M. R.
University of Mazandaran Faculty of Chemistry Babolsar Iran, hdjmr@umz.ac.ir,
Shakeri, P.
University of Mazandaran Faculty of Chemistry Babolsar Iran,
Bhushan, R.
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee Department of Chemistry Roorkee 247667 India, rbushfcy@iitr.ernet.in,
Lal, M.
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee Department of Chemistry Roorkee 247667 India,
Thomas, S.
Jubilant Life Sciences Ltd. Analytical Research Department R&D Centre, C-26, Sector-59 Noida Uttar Pradesh 201 301 India, saji_thomas@jubl.com,
Paul, S. K.
Jubilant Life Sciences Ltd. Analytical Research Department R&D Centre, C-26, Sector-59 Noida Uttar Pradesh 201 301 India,
Agarwal, A.
Jubilant Life Sciences Ltd. Analytical Research Department R&D Centre, C-26, Sector-59 Noida Uttar Pradesh 201 301 India,
Mathela, C. S.
Kumaun University Department of Chemistry DSB Campus Nainital Uttarakhand 263 001 India,
Abstract : Galantamine hydrobromide was subjected to oxidative stress degradation using hydrogen peroxide and analyzed as per the chromatographic conditions described in European Pharmacopoeia. The drug showed considerable degradation at ambient temperature resulting in the formation of two degradation products at relative retention times (RRTs) 0.63 and 2.52. The minor degradant at RRT 0.63 was identified as galantamine N-oxide. The principal degradant formed at RRT 2.52 was found to be unknown and has not been reported previously. The unknown impurity was identified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) followed by isolation using semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The isolated impurity was characterized using one-dimensional, two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1D and 2D NMR) and elemental analysis (EA). The principal degradant was found to be formed due to the generation of bromine and subsequent attack on the aromatic ring via in situ reaction between hydrogen bromide and hydrogen peroxide. The unknown impurity was characterized as (4aS,6R,8aS)-5,6,9,10,11,12-hexahydro-1-bromo-3-methoxy-11-methyl-4aH-[1]benzofuro [3a,3,2-ef] [2] benzazepin-6-ol.

Keywords : galantamine hydrobromide, oxidative degradation, LC-MS/MS, 2D NMR,
Publishing house : University of Silesia in Katowice
Publication date : 2014
Number : Vol. 26, no. 3
Page : 429 – 438

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DOI :
Qute : Fatemi, M. H. ,Hadjmohammadi, M. R. ,Shakeri, P. ,Bhushan, R. ,Lal, M. ,Thomas, S. ,Paul, S. K. ,Agarwal, A. ,Mathela, C. S. ,Mathela, C. S. , Semi-preparative isolation and characterization of a principal oxidative degradation product in galantamine hydrobromide by LC-ESI-MSn and 2D-NMR. Acta Chromatographica Vol. 26, no. 3/2014
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