Article : Short-term Tests of Potassium dIdD Vector Magnetometer
Authors : Białecki, M.Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Logvinov, I. M.Institute of Geophysics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine, email@example.com, Cichy, A.AGH University of Science and Technology, Department of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Kraków, Poland, firstname.lastname@example.org, Ossowski, A.AGH University of Science and Technology, Department of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Kraków, Poland, email@example.com, Zhao, N.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploitation (CDUT), Chengdu, China, Li, R.Xi’an Technological University, Computer Science and Engineering College, Xi’an, China, firstname.lastname@example.org, Vujić, E.Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia, email@example.com,
Abstract : In this paper the results of short-term tests of a suspended Potassium dIdD vector magnetometer are presented. The instrument was installed on a stable pillar during May 2012 near Milton (Ontario, Canada). The aim was to investigate primarily the bias current stability and the noise level of the instrument (for measured components less than 10 pT in a root-mean-square sense). A brief description of the measurement principles and a review of formulae used for field component calculations are given. The errors of components, which arise from assumptions on dIdD orientation as well as from the total field time variations during a measurement cycle, are estimated and discussed, both for real and simulated data. Finally, the accuracy of the instrument was estimated, and the maximal theoretical accuracies of components were better than 60 pT at mid-latitudes.
Bibliography : 1 Alexandrov, E.B., and V.A. Bonch-Bruevich (1992), Optically pumped atomic magnetometers after three decades, Opt. Eng. 31, 4, 711-717, DOI: 10.1117/12.56132.
2 Alexandrov, E.B., M.V. Balabas, V.N. Kulyasov, A.E. Ivanov, A.S. Pazgalev, J.L. Rasson, A.K. Vershovski, and N.N. Yakobson (2004), Three-compo nent variometer based on a scalar potassium sensor, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 5, 918-922, DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/15/5/020.
3 Alldredge, L.R. (1960), A proposed automatic standard magnetic observatory, J. Geophys. Res. 65, 11, 3777-3786, DOI: 10.1029/JZ065i011p03777.
4 Alldredge, L.R., and I. Saldukas (1964), An automatic standard magnetic observatory, J. Geophys. Res. 69, 10, 1963-1970, DOI: 10.1029/JZ069i010p01963.
5 Auster, H.U., and V. Auster (2003), A new method for performing an absolute measurement of the geomagnetic field, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 7, 1013-1017, DOI: 10.1088/0957-0233/14/7/315.
6 Auster, H.U., M. Mandea, A. Hemshorn, E. Pulz, and M. Korte (2007), Automation of absolute measurement of the geomagnetic field, Earth Planets Space 59, 9, 1007-1014, DOI: 10.1186/BF03352041.
7 Auster, V., O. Hillenmaier, R. Kroth, and M. Wiedemann (2007), Advanced proton magnetometer design and its application for absolute measurement, Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc. C-99, 398, 60-68.
8 Bell, W.E., and A.L. Bloom (1957), Optical detection of magnetic resonance in alkali metal vapor, Phys. Rev. 107, 6, 1559-1565, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.107.1559.
9 Campbell, W.H. (2003), Introduction to Geomagnetic Fields, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
10 Csontos, A., L. Hegymegi, and B. Heilig (2007), Temperature tests on modern magnetometers, Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc. C-99, 398, 171-177.
11 Csontos, A., D. Šugar, M. Brkić, P. Kovács, and L. Hegymegi (2012), How to control a temporary DIDD based observatory in the field? Ann. Geophys. 55, 6, 1085-1094, DOI: 10.4401/ag-5447.
12 Dehmelt, H.G. (1957), Modulation of a light beam by precessing absorbing atoms, Phys. Rev. 105, 6, 1924-1925, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRev.105.1924.
13 Gu, Z., Z. Zhan, J. Gao, T. Yao, and W. Han (2006), Application of GPS in geomagnetic survey, Earth Planets Space 58, 6, 723-729, DOI: 10.1186/ BF03351974.
14 Happer, W. (1972), Optical pumping, Rev. Mod. Phys. 44, 2, 169-249, DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.44.169.
15 Hegymegi, L., B. Heilig, and A. Csontos (2004), New suspended dIdD magnetometer for observatory (and field?) use. In: Proc. 11th IAGA Workshop on Geomagnetic Observatory Instruments, Data Acquisition and Processing, 9-17 November 2004, Kakioka and Tsukuba, Japan, 28-33.
16 Heilig, B. (2007), Intercalibration of dIdD and Fluxgate Magnetometers, Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc. C-99, 398, 144-151.
17 Hrvoic, I., and L.R. Newitt (2011), Instruments and methodologies for measurement of the Earth’s magnetic field. In: M. Mandea and M. Korte (eds.), Geomagnetic Observations and Models, IAGA Special Sopron Book Series, Vol. 5, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 105-126, DOI: 10.1007/978-90-481-9858-0_5.
18 Hrvoic, I., G. Cifuentes-Nava, E. Cabral-Cano, E. Hernandez, M. Wilson, and F. Lopez (2009), New magnetic observatory installation in Oaxaca, Mexico. In: Proc. 13th IAGA Workshop on Geomagnetic Observatory Instruments, Data Acquisition and Processing, 9-18 June 2008, Boulder and Golden, CO, USA.
19 Jankowski, J., and C. Sucksdorff (1996), Guide for Magnetic Measurements and Observatory Practice, International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Warszawa, Poland, 235 pp.
20 Marsal, S., J.M. Torta, and J.C. Riddick (2007), An assessment of the BGS δDδI vector magnetometer, Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc. C-99, 398, 158-165.
21 Newitt, L.R., C.E. Barton, and J. Bitterly (1996), Guide for Magnetic Repeat Station Surveys, International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, Warszawa, Poland.
22 Pang, H., J. Li, D. Chen, M. Pan, S. Luo, Q. Zhang, and F. Luo (2013), Calibration of three-axis fluxgate magnetometers with nonlinear least square method, Measurement 46, 4, 1600-1606, DOI: 10.1016/j.measurement.2012.11.001.
23 Schott, J.J., and P. Leroy (2001), Orientation of the DIDD magnetometer, Contrib. Geophys. Geod. 31, 1, 43-50.
24 Schott, J.J., V. Boulard, A. Pérès, and J.M. Cantin (2001), Magnetic component measurements with the DIDD, Contrib. Geophys. Geod. 31, 1, 35-42.
25 St-Louis, B. (ed.), (2004), Intermagnet technical reference manual: Version 4.2, http://www.intermagnet.org.
26 van Loo, S.A., and J.L. Rasson (2007), Presentation of the prototype of an automated DIFlux, Publs. Inst. Geophys. Pol. Acad. Sc. C-99, 398, 77-86.
27 Worthington, E.W., E.A. Sauter, and J.J. Love (2009), Analysis of USGS onesecond data. In: Proc. 13th IAGA Workshop on Geomagnetic Observatory Instruments, Data Acquisition and Processing, 9-18 June 2008, Boulder and Golden, CO, USA.
Qute : Białecki, M. ,Logvinov, I. M. ,Cichy, A. ,Ossowski, A. ,Zhao, N. ,Li, R. ,Vujić, E. ,Vujić, E. , Short-term Tests of Potassium dIdD Vector Magnetometer. Acta Geophysica Vol. 63, no. 5/2015