Journal : Acta Geologica Polonica
Article : Signatures of Late Neoproterozoic Gondwana assembly and Maronian glaciation in Lesser Himalaya: a palaeogeographical and stratigraphical approach

Authors :
Umar, M.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Betts, P.
School of Earth Atmosphere and Environment, Monash University Clayton Campus, Melbourne, Australia 3800,
Khan, M. M. S.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Sabir, M. A.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Farooq, M.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Zeb, A.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Jadoon, U. K.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Ali, S.
Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of information Technology Abbottabad, Pakistan,
Abstract : Stratigraphical and sedimentological analyses of Late Neoproterozoic successions in Lesser Himalaya are combined herein with palaeogeographical considerations and comparisons with equivalent successions in India and South China. The succession starts with the Hazara Formation, which contains complete and incomplete Bouma sequences suggesting its deposition in deep marine turbidite settings. The overlying Tanawal Formation, rich in massive sandstone, shale and siltstone, was deposited in shallow marine conditions, as indicated by the presence of parallel lamination, large scale tabular, trough cross- and hummocky cross-stratifications. The Tanawal Formation facies shift laterally from proximal (south-southeast) to distal (north-northwest). The glaciogenic Tanaki Boulder Bed, overlying the Tanawal Formation, was deposited during the Maronian glaciation. It is equivalent to the Blaini Formation of India, and to the Sinian diamictites of South China. The Abbottabad Formation of Cambrian age overlies the Tanaki Boulder Bed, and is composed of dolomite, chert nodules and phosphate-rich packages; similar successions are documented in India and South China at the same stratigraphical interval. The similarities of the Neoproterozoic successions of Lesser Himalaya (both in Pakistan and India) and South China suggests their possible proximity during the break-up of Rodinia and the assembly of the Gondwana Supercontinent.

Keywords : neoproterozoik, paleogeografia, zlodowacenie, Rodinia, rozpad, Himalaje Małe, Neoproterozoic, Palaeogeography, Glaciation, Rodinia Break-up, Lesser Himalaya,
Publishing house : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Publication date : 2015
Number : Vol. 65, no. 1
Page : 1 – 19

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DOI :
Qute : Umar, M. ,Betts, P. ,Khan, M. M. S. ,Sabir, M. A. ,Farooq, M. ,Zeb, A. ,Jadoon, U. K. ,Ali, S. ,Ali, S. , Signatures of Late Neoproterozoic Gondwana assembly and Maronian glaciation in Lesser Himalaya: a palaeogeographical and stratigraphical approach. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 65, no. 1/2015
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