Journal : Acta Geologica Polonica
Article : Taxonomy and taphonomy of Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) nautilids from Annopol, Poland

Authors :
Popov, L. E.
Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff CF10 3NP, Wales, United Kingdom,,
Hairapetian, V.
Department of Geology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, PO Box 81595−158, Isfahan, Iran,,
Evans, D. H.
Natural England, Suite D, Unex House, Bourges Boulevard, Peterborough PE1 1NG, England, United Kingdom,,
Ghobadi Pour, M.
Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran,,
Holmer, L. E.
Institute of Earth Sciences, Palaeobiology, Uppsala University, SE-752 36 Uppsala, Sweden,,
Baars, C.
Department of Geology, National Museum of Wales, Cardiff CF10 3NP, Wales, United Kingdom,,
Kennedy, W. J.
Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PW, and Department of Earth Sciences, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3AN, United Kingdom,
Bilotte, M.
Géosciences Environnement Toulouse, Faculté des Sciences et Ingénierie de Toulouse, 14 avenue Edouard Belin, 31400 Toulouse and Service Commun d’Etudes et de Conservation des Collections Patrimoniales, 118 route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse cedex 4, France,
Melchior, P.
9, Boulevard Challier de Néré, 13008 Marseille, France,
Machalski, M.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL 00-818 Warszawa, Poland,,
Wilmsen, M.
Senckenberg Naturhistorische Sammlungen Dresden, Museum für Mineralogie und Geologie, Sektion Paläozoologie, Konigsbrücker Landstr. 159, D-01109 Dresden, Germany,,
Abstract : A nautilid faunule of seven specimens, comprising Eutrephoceras bouchardianum (d’Orbigny, 1840), Cymatoceras deslongchampsianum (d’Orbigny, 1840), and Cymatoceras tourtiae (Schlüter, 1876) is described from a condensed middle Cenomanian interval at Annopol, Poland. C. tourtiae is recorded for the first time in Poland. The studied material consists of reworked phosphatised internal moulds of phragmocones, which may be of early or middle Cenomanian age, given the stratigraphic range of the associated ammonites. The nautilid moulds vary in inferred mode of infilling, and in intensity of abrasion, bioerosion and mineralisation. The sediment entered the phragmocones in two ways: 1) through punctures in the shell, the result of bioerosion or mechanical damage; 2) through siphonal openings by intracameral currents. In contrast to the fossil moulds from the Albian phosphorites of Annopol, which originated via direct precipitation of apatite around and/or inside fossils, the present nautilid moulds seem to have originated through secondary phosphatisation of the initially calcareous moulds. Diversity of taphonomic signatures in nautilid material from the middle Cenomanian interval at Annopol is compatible with the complex, multievent depositional scenario proposed for this level.

Keywords : tafonomia, cenoman, kreda, Annopol, Polska, Nautilids, condensed deposits, taphonomy, cenomanian, cretaceous, Annopol, Poland,
Publishing house : Faculty of Geology of the University of Warsaw
Publication date : 2015
Number : Vol. 65, no. 4
Page : 495 – 506

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Qute : Popov, L. E. ,Hairapetian, V. ,Evans, D. H. ,Ghobadi Pour, M. ,Holmer, L. E. ,Baars, C. ,Kennedy, W. J. ,Bilotte, M. ,Melchior, P. ,Machalski, M. ,Wilmsen, M. ,Wilmsen, M. , Taxonomy and taphonomy of Cenomanian (Upper Cretaceous) nautilids from Annopol, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica Vol. 65, no. 4/2015