Journal : Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Article : The human balance system and gender

Authors :
Rumian, Ł.
Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland,
Reczyńska, K.
Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland,
Wrona, M.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatics, Computer Science and Biomedical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland,
Tiainen, H.
Department of Biomaterials, Institute for Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway,
Haugen, H. J.
Department of Biomaterials, Institute for Clinical Dentistry, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway,
Pamuła, E.
Department of Biomaterials, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland, epamula@agh.edu.pl,
Turek, A.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland, a.turek75@gmail.com,
Kasperczyk, J.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Jelonek, K.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Borecka, A.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Janeczek, H.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Libera, M.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Gruchlik, A.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Dobrzyński, P.
Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials, Polish Academy of Sciences, Zabrze, Poland,
Wojda, S.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Białystok University of Technology, Białystok, Poland,
Szoka, B.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Białystok University of Technology, Białystok, Poland,
Sajewicz, E.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Białystok University of Technology, Białystok, Poland, e.sajewicz@pb.edu.pl,
Kiel-Jamrozik, M.
Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials and Medical Devices Engineering, Zabrze, Poland, marta.kiel-jamrozik@polsl.pl,
Szewczenko, J.
Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials and Medical Devices Engineering, Zabrze, Poland,
Basiaga, M.
Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Biomaterials and Medical Devices Engineering, Zabrze, Poland,
Nowińska, K.
Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Institute of Applied Geology, Gliwice, Poland,
Salasek, M.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and Faculty Hospital in Plzeň, Czech Republic, martin.salasek@seznam.cz,
Jansova, M.
Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Applied Sciences and New Technologies for Information Society of West Bohemian University in Plzeň, Czech Republic.,
Křen, J.
Department of Mechanics, Faculty of Applied Sciences and New Technologies for Information Society of West Bohemian University in Plzeň, Czech Republic,
Pavelka, T.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and Faculty Hospital in Plzeň, Czech Republic,
Weisova, D.
Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine of Charles University and Faculty Hospital in Plzeň, Czech Republic,
Reimann, Ł.
Institute of Materials Engineering and Biomaterials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland, lukasz.reimann@polsl.pl,
Żmudzki, J.
Institute of Materials Engineering and Biomaterials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland,
Dobrzański, L.
Institute of Materials Engineering and Biomaterials, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland,
Szpala, A.
Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland, agnieszka.szpala@awf.wroc.pl,
Rutkowska-Kucharska, A.
Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland,
Stawiany, M.
Department of Biomechanics, University School of Physical Education in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland,
Olchowik, G.
Department of Biophysics, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland,
Tomaszewski, M.
Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland, tomaszewski.marek@gmail.com,
Olejarz, P.
Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngeal Oncology, SPSK-4, Lublin, Poland,
Warchoł, J.
Department of Biophysics, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland,
Różańska-Boczula, M.
Department of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Scientific University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland,
Maciejewski, R.
Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, Poland,
Abstract : The human body balance system is a complex system of organs and mechanisms, which generate postural reactions to counter the displacement from the equilibrium position of the body centre of gravity, and which control eye movement in order to maintain a stable image of the environment. Computerised Dynamic Posturography (CDP) allows for a quantitative and objective assessment of the sensory and motor components of the body balance control system as well as of the integration and adaptive mechanisms in the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to determine the differences, when maintaining body balance, based on the gender of young, healthy people using CDP. The study was carried out on a group of 43 healthy subjects by comparing the effectiveness of the balance system in 22 women and 21 men aged between 20 and 26 years, between 171 and 177 cm in height, and without any clinical symptoms of balance disorders. The men and women were selected such that they did not differ significantly in height and BMI. Using the Equitest posturograph manufactured by NeuroCom International Inc. the following tests were performed: Sensory Organisation Test (SOT), Motor Control Test (MCT) and the Adaptation Test (ADT). The gender of young healthy individuals without any clinical symptoms of balance disorders also does not affect the effectiveness of the sensory system and the use of this signal in maintaining body balance.

Keywords : wzrost, waga, BMI, gender, kobieta, mężczyzna, computerised dynamic posturography, height, weight, BMI, gender, women, men,
Publishing house : Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Wrocławskiej
Publication date : 2015
Number : Vol. 17, nr 1
Page : 69 – 74

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DOI :
Qute : Rumian, Ł. ,Reczyńska, K. ,Wrona, M. ,Tiainen, H. ,Haugen, H. J. ,Pamuła, E. ,Turek, A. ,Kasperczyk, J. ,Jelonek, K. ,Borecka, A. ,Janeczek, H. ,Libera, M. ,Gruchlik, A. ,Dobrzyński, P. ,Wojda, S. ,Szoka, B. ,Sajewicz, E. ,Kiel-Jamrozik, M. ,Szewczenko, J. ,Basiaga, M. ,Nowińska, K. ,Salasek, M. ,Jansova, M. ,Křen, J. ,Pavelka, T. ,Weisova, D. ,Reimann, Ł. ,Żmudzki, J. ,Dobrzański, L. ,Szpala, A. ,Rutkowska-Kucharska, A. ,Stawiany, M. ,Olchowik, G. ,Tomaszewski, M. ,Olejarz, P. ,Warchoł, J. ,Różańska-Boczula, M. ,Maciejewski, R. ,Maciejewski, R. , The human balance system and gender. Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics Vol. 17, nr 1/2015
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