Category: 2004

Geological framework of the Volhyn copper fields with a review of the Volhyn Flood Basalt Province (western margin of the East-European Craton)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Geological framework of the Volhyn copper fields with a review of the Volhyn Flood Basalt Province (western margin of the East-European Craton)

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Abstrakty : Geological structure of the Volhyn Flood Basalt Province has been described. Hydrothermally altered and partly eroded Vendian lava flows and intraflow pyroclastics occur upon an area of about 350,000 km2 in Belarus, Poland, the Ukraine, and Moldova. They host important native Cu mineralization. The Vendian volcanism developed during four volcanic phases, producing lava and pyroclastics within the Tornquist rift system along the Teisseyre-Tornquist margin. During the last two phases, the Vendian rift was tectonically parted with crust melting. The major volcanic activity occurred in the part superimposed on the deepest part of the older Late Riphean mid-Baltica rift system, which developed across the Tornquist rift. The rifting finished with opening of the Tornquist Ocean. Actually, the Palaeozoic, Mesozoic, and (or) Cainozoic beds cover the trappean volcanic plateau. The Ratne and Rafalovka-Berestovets copper fields are situated in the central part of the Lukow-Ratne swell and along western border of the Ukrainian Shield, respectively. The ore-bearing basalts were partly eroded since the Devonian until the Late Cretaceous.

Słowa kluczowe :
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 257 – 265
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. , Geological framework of the Volhyn copper fields with a review of the Volhyn Flood Basalt Province (western margin of the East-European Craton). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004

Origin of the Badenian salts from East Slovakian basin indicated by the analysis of fluid inclusions

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Origin of the Badenian salts from East Slovakian basin indicated by the analysis of fluid inclusions

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Abstrakty : Chemical composition of the brines of primary fluid inclusions in sedimentary halite (from the boreholes: P-2, P-3, P-6, P-7 and P-8) of the Badenian evaporite of the Zbudza Fm. from East Slovakian basin indicates that the basinal brines belong to the Na-K-Mg-Cl-SO4 type. The ratios of K+, Mg2+, and SO42- ions are practically the same as they were in the Badenian seawater. Taking into account the information on the chemical evolution of seawater in the Phanerozoic (Kovalevich et al., 1998) and the calculations of this evolution for the Cenozoic (Zimmermann, 2000) it is suggested that the Badenian seawater was characterized by the reduced contents of Mg (by approximately 20%) and SO42- (by approximately 40%) in comparison with the recent seawater. The postsedimentary recrystallization of salts occurred under the effect of buried brines, which inherited their composition from the primary basinal brines. The intensive recrystallization of salts occurred during the tectonic movements.

Słowa kluczowe : Miocene, evaporites, halite, fluid inclusions, Carpathian region,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 267 – 276
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. , Origin of the Badenian salts from East Slovakian basin indicated by the analysis of fluid inclusions. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Bromide concentration in mine waters from the Wieliczka salt mine as an indicator of their origin and migration of flow paths in the salt deposit

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Bromide concentration in mine waters from the Wieliczka salt mine as an indicator of their origin and migration of flow paths in the salt deposit

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : The subject of this study is the chemistry of waters contained in the salt deposit of Wieliczka. The bromide content determined in relation to the chloride one, using the evaporation curve or the Cl/Br ratio, point to dissolution of chloride minerals as the main process in the origin of mine waters. Because of a number of processes involved in the circulation of waters within the deposit, the Br content in mine water depends on three factors: concentration of salts associated with leaching of the deposit, Br content in the salt, and dissolution – evaporation cycles on the water migration paths. The diagram Br vs. Cl or vs. density is used to explain these factors.

Słowa kluczowe : brine, mine waters, bromine, Wieliczka Salt Mine, South Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 277 – 283
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. , Bromide concentration in mine waters from the Wieliczka salt mine as an indicator of their origin and migration of flow paths in the salt deposit. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Integration of Late Glacial and Holocene pollen data from Poland

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Integration of Late Glacial and Holocene pollen data from Poland

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Abstrakty : Quaternary palynological data are stored in tables which are typical computer database objects. The individual pollen table, in order to be integrated with other tables using computer-based methods, has to be attributed with (1) geographical coordinates, (2) dates attached to each row (sample) of the table, and (3) taxa names, common to all tables, attached to each column. In this paper, integration of individual lists of palynological taxa is shortly described, and some remarks are given on extracting data for selected time slices. The problem of dating of all pollen spectra, while few radiocarbon dates are available in the profile, is considered. Some mathematical models of age-depth relation are proposed, as well as incorporation of information derived from lithology of the profile. The algorithm of integration (averaging) of pollen percentages on the map of Poland is discussed. The techniques of bootstrap and so-called removed residuals are proposed as tools for assessment of reliability of isopollen lines. A possibility of construction of migration (rate of change) maps is also mentioned. The presented algorithm has been used to obtain hundreds of isopollen maps for the Holocene in the area of Poland .

Słowa kluczowe : palynology, isopollen maps, radiocarbon dating, weighting function, bootstrapping, Vistulian Late Glacial, Holocene, Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 285 – 294
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. , Integration of Late Glacial and Holocene pollen data from Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Phases of Palaeogene and Neogene tectonic evolution of selected grabens in the Wielkopolska area, central-western Poland

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Phases of Palaeogene and Neogene tectonic evolution of selected grabens in the Wielkopolska area, central-western Poland

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Widera, M.
Institute of Geology , Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland,
Abstrakty : In the Wielkopolska (Great Poland) area, there occur numerous tectonic grabens which were active in the Palaeogene and Neogene. The similarities and differences between their development are presented on the example of the Czempiń, Szamotuły, Lubstów, and Władysławów Grabens. Using various methods of palaeotec- tonic analysis, the stages of accelerated subsidence of the grabens, i.e. tectonic phases, were indicated. The extent of vertical movement in the studied grabens were compared and it was affirmed that there is a connection between the occurrence of older dislocations and salt structures in the deep basement. From among the examined grabens, the Lubstów Graben is the deepest one, and shows the most complex geological structure. The Czempiń and Szamotuły Grabens are characterized by relatively simple geological structure, where the stratigraphic complete- ness and tectonic style are very legible. These three grabens were active in different tectonic stages from the turn of the Eocene/Oligocene till the end of the Neogene, and perhaps also in the Prepleistocene. The Władysławów Graben is a very shallow tectonic structure and its evolution lasted for the shorter period of time. The time of its development extended from the Early through the Middle Miocene. These grabens provide a good example of the relationship between the fault throw and graben location. The Czempiń, Szamotuły, and Lubstów Grabens, connected with deeply-rooted dislocations, came to existence in the Pyrenean phase (latest Eocene – Early Oligocene). However, the Władysławów Graben was affected mainly by salt structure activity. Thus, its first stage of tectonic evolution took place in the Savian phase (Early Miocene).

Słowa kluczowe : tectonic phases, grabens, Palaeogene, Neogene, Wielkopolska area, central-western Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 295 – 310
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. ,Widera, M. , Phases of Palaeogene and Neogene tectonic evolution of selected grabens in the Wielkopolska area, central-western Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Cenozoic dynamics of the Dębina Salt Dome, Kleszczów Graben, inferred from structural features of the Tertiary-Quaternary cover

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Cenozoic dynamics of the Dębina Salt Dome, Kleszczów Graben, inferred from structural features of the Tertiary-Quaternary cover

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Widera, M.
Institute of Geology , Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland,
Hałuszczak, A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. M. Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland, anha@ing.uni.wroc.pl,
Abstrakty : The Dębina Salt Dome (DSD) is located in the central part of the Tertiary Kleszczów Graben, between the open-cast brown coal mines: “Bełchatów” and “Szczerców”. Complicated geological features of the DSD are related to the polyphase tectonic activity in the Kleszczów Graben, and the salt structure dynamics which is believed to be coupled with that activity. The distinctive anticlinal elevation of the sedimentary cover of the DSD points to Cenozoic uplift of the salt. The timing of these salt pulses can be considered as related to main phases of tectonic activity in the Tertiary and Quaternary, well-documented during field studies in the brown coal open mine “Bełchatów”. Due to the Middle/Late Tertiary salt uplift, a vast asymmetric anticline of up to 400 m amplitude was formed in the Early Miocene sandy and coaly sediments, including the so-called main coal seam. Renewed salt movements of the DSD occurred in the Quaternary. Considering the magnitude of the top-Tertiary surface elevation versus preliminary dating of this activity, it is concluded that the rate of the salt uplift was about 0.3 mm/ year, with the strain rate estimated at 4 x 10-14 s-1. Both parameters show relatively fast Quaternary salt movements of the DSD, being representative for the diapir rise active phase (from 10-14 s-1 to 10-16 s-1 ).

Słowa kluczowe : salt diapirs, neotectonics, Kleszczów Graben, Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 311 – 318
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. ,Widera, M. ,Hałuszczak, A. , Cenozoic dynamics of the Dębina Salt Dome, Kleszczów Graben, inferred from structural features of the Tertiary-Quaternary cover. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Preliminary results of geodetic measurements in the Inowrocław salt dome area, central Poland

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Preliminary results of geodetic measurements in the Inowrocław salt dome area, central Poland

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Widera, M.
Institute of Geology , Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland,
Hałuszczak, A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. M. Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland, anha@ing.uni.wroc.pl,
Szczerbowski, Z.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mining Surveying and Environmental Engineering, Department of Mining Surveying, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, szczerbo@uci.agh.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : The results of geodetic measurements conducted in the Inowrocław salt dome area are presented in this paper. The main aim of these studies was to determine changes in the rock mass exerted by geological processes. These processes have led to the changes in the salt dome geometry and physical properties of surrounding rocks. Degradation of the salt-gypsum cap of the dome strongly depends on the hydrogeological conditions and, particularly, on tectonic structure which has had a bearing on the uplift of the ground surface. The principal goal of the paper is to present the results of geodetic levelling surveys in the Inowrocław area wherein the mining activity was terminated in 1991. These results point to a progressive salt uplift in some areas, showing a constant rate throughout the study period.

Słowa kluczowe : geodynamics, salt geology, levelling, subsidence, mining, Inowrocław salt dome, central Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 319 – 324
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. ,Widera, M. ,Hałuszczak, A. ,Szczerbowski, Z. , Preliminary results of geodetic measurements in the Inowrocław salt dome area, central Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Geological control on the Osława River meander at Duszatyn, Western Bieszczady Mountains, Polish Outer Carpathians

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Geological control on the Osława River meander at Duszatyn, Western Bieszczady Mountains, Polish Outer Carpathians

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Widera, M.
Institute of Geology , Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland,
Hałuszczak, A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. M. Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland, anha@ing.uni.wroc.pl,
Szczerbowski, Z.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mining Surveying and Environmental Engineering, Department of Mining Surveying, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, szczerbo@uci.agh.edu.pl,
Margielewski, W.
Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. A. Mickiewicza 33, 31-120 Kraków, Poland, margielewski@iop.krakow.pl,
Abstrakty : At Duszatyn village (Western Bieszczady Mts.), the Osława River forms an unique meander loop which is not typical for the mountainous area. Detailed analysis has shown that this landform was created due to the evolution of two left-hand tributaries of the Osława River during the formation of its regressive water-gap. These processes were determined by mass movements which have strongly stimulated the fluvial system. The origin of the Osława River meander was largely controlled by lithological differences in rock resistance, orientation of the joint pattern, as well as the presence of bordering oblique and thrust faults which have had a bearing on the diversified neotectonic uplift of the area.

Słowa kluczowe : neotectonics, structural control, Quaternary alluvium, Osława River, Western Bieszczady Mountains, Polish Outer Carpathians,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 325 – 338
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. ,Widera, M. ,Hałuszczak, A. ,Szczerbowski, Z. ,Margielewski, W. , Geological control on the Osława River meander at Duszatyn, Western Bieszczady Mountains, Polish Outer Carpathians. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Neotectonics and planation surfaces in the High Bieszczady Mountains (Outer Carpathians, Poland )

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Neotectonics and planation surfaces in the High Bieszczady Mountains (Outer Carpathians, Poland )

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Widera, M.
Institute of Geology , Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland,
Hałuszczak, A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. M. Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland, anha@ing.uni.wroc.pl,
Szczerbowski, Z.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mining Surveying and Environmental Engineering, Department of Mining Surveying, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, szczerbo@uci.agh.edu.pl,
Margielewski, W.
Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. A. Mickiewicza 33, 31-120 Kraków, Poland, margielewski@iop.krakow.pl,
Kukulak, J.
Institute of Geography, Cracow Pedagogical University, Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków, Poland, jkukulak@ap.krakow.pl,
Abstrakty :
Słowa kluczowe : planation surfaces, neotectonics, Bieszczady Mountains, Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 339 – 350
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. ,Widera, M. ,Hałuszczak, A. ,Szczerbowski, Z. ,Margielewski, W. ,Kukulak, J. , Neotectonics and planation surfaces in the High Bieszczady Mountains (Outer Carpathians, Poland ). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

Detrital garnets from the Upper Cretaceous-Palaeocene sandstones of the Polish part of the Magura Nappe and the Pieniny Klippen Belt: chemical constraints

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Detrital garnets from the Upper Cretaceous-Palaeocene sandstones of the Polish part of the Magura Nappe and the Pieniny Klippen Belt: chemical constraints

Autorzy :
Wierzbowski, A.
Institute of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, Andrzej.Wierzbowski@uw.edu.pl,
Emetz, A.
Institute of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Ore Formation, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 34 Palladina St., Kyiv-142, Ukraine, alexander_emetz@yahoo.com,
Galamay, A. R.
Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Naukova 3A, 79053 Lviv, Ukraine, igggk@ah.ipm.lviv.ua,
Winid, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, winid@wnaft.agh.edu.pl,
Walanus, A.
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszów, Hoffmanowej 8, 35-016 Rzeszów, Poland, walanus@univ.rzeszow.pl,
Widera, M.
Institute of Geology , Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Maków Polnych 16, 61-606 Poznań, Poland,
Hałuszczak, A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. M. Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland, anha@ing.uni.wroc.pl,
Szczerbowski, Z.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Mining Surveying and Environmental Engineering, Department of Mining Surveying, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, szczerbo@uci.agh.edu.pl,
Margielewski, W.
Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. A. Mickiewicza 33, 31-120 Kraków, Poland, margielewski@iop.krakow.pl,
Kukulak, J.
Institute of Geography, Cracow Pedagogical University, Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków, Poland, jkukulak@ap.krakow.pl,
Salata, D.
Institute of Geological Sciences , Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, salata@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : Heavy mineral assemblages of the Upper Cretaceous-Palaeocene sandstones of the Polish part of the Magura Nappe and the Pieniny Klippen Belt (PKB) were studied. They consist mainly of stable minerals, such as zircon, tourmaline and rutile, but in many assemblages significant amounts of garnets are also present. To describe the provenance of the main heavy mineral groups their chemical composition was analysed. This article deals with the garnets group. Heavy minerals, including garnets, were derived to the Magura Basin from two opposite source areas: the north-west (northern) and the south-east. In the chemical composition of the analysed garnets, FeO and the almandine molecule are definitely dominant, but garnets with a raised MgO and pyrope molecule content were also found. Proportions among the main elements occurring in garnets indicate that they were formed under low- to medium grade metamorphic conditions in the southeastern source area, and medium- to high-grade conditions in the northern one.

Słowa kluczowe : heavy minerals, garnets, source rocks, Magura Nappe, Polish Carpathians,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 3
Strony : 351 – 364
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Wierzbowski, A. ,Emetz, A. ,Galamay, A. R. ,Winid, B. ,Walanus, A. ,Widera, M. ,Hałuszczak, A. ,Szczerbowski, Z. ,Margielewski, W. ,Kukulak, J. ,Salata, D. , Detrital garnets from the Upper Cretaceous-Palaeocene sandstones of the Polish part of the Magura Nappe and the Pieniny Klippen Belt: chemical constraints. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 3/2004
[Top]

High-temperature restite enclave as an evidence of deep seated parent magma melting of the Będkowska Valley granodirite (Silesian-Cracow area, South Poland)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : High-temperature restite enclave as an evidence of deep seated parent magma melting of the Będkowska Valley granodirite (Silesian-Cracow area, South Poland)

Autorzy :
Birkenmajer, K.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Research Centre, Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, Poland, ndbirken@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Wolska, A.
Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, 30-063 Kraków, ul. Oleandry 2a, wolska@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : In the borehole DB-5, at a depth 1370.0 m dark micaceous enclave in granodiorite from Będkowska Valley was found. A sharp contact enclave/granodiorite is observed. The transition zone is irregularly developed around the enclave studied. It is a small enclave (3 x 6 cm), discoidal in shape. The microstructure of micaceous enclave is fine-blastic; crystalloblasts of rock-forming minerals are 0.2-0.5 mm in size. This enclave consists of: Fe-biotite (56-62 vol.%), plagioclase Ca-Na (34-40 vol.%), spinel (magnetite), corundum, and sericitic pseudo- morphs after cordierite. Its mineralogical composition is different from the Będkowska Valley granodiorite, what suggests that this rock is a medium/high-temperature restite. This rock represents residuum after partial melting of granodiorite magma in deep levels of basement of the Małopolska Massif.

Słowa kluczowe : Będkowska Valley granodiorite, dark micaceous enclave, restite,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 1
Strony : 21 – 33
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Birkenmajer, K. ,Wolska, A. , High-temperature restite enclave as an evidence of deep seated parent magma melting of the Będkowska Valley granodirite (Silesian-Cracow area, South Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 1/2004
[Top]

Pyrite framboids in pyritized Radiolarian skeletons (Mid-Creta- ceous of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Western Carpathians, Poland)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Pyrite framboids in pyritized Radiolarian skeletons (Mid-Creta- ceous of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Western Carpathians, Poland)

Autorzy :
Birkenmajer, K.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Research Centre, Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, Poland, ndbirken@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Wolska, A.
Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, 30-063 Kraków, ul. Oleandry 2a, wolska@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Szczepanik, P.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, szczep@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : Well preserved pyritized radiolarian skeletons have been found within the grey-green Mid-Cretaceous (Upper Cenomanian) shales in the Pieniny Klippen Belt (Carpathians, Poland). The skeletons contain numerous pyrite framboids in different positions, in channels and inside the abdomen of cryptothoracic forms, but their genetic context is not known. They were formed as a result of the reaction between dissolved iron and sulphide originated from the bacterial sulphate reduction. Two sources of organic matter, “post mortem” in situ decaying organic matter of radiolaria and disseminated organic matter from the surrounding sediment could be available for this process. Pyrite found in the radiolarians probably originates from different processes. It is suggested that pyritization of the radiolarian skeletons took place in the water column whereas pyrite framboids in the skeleton's free spaces could have been formed later during the diagenesis of the sediment. However, their simultaneous formation in the water column or in the sediment cannot be excluded.

Słowa kluczowe : Radiolaria, pyritization, framboids, Cretaceous, Pieniny Klippen Belt,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 1
Strony : 35 – 41
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Birkenmajer, K. ,Wolska, A. ,Szczepanik, P. , Pyrite framboids in pyritized Radiolarian skeletons (Mid-Creta- ceous of the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Western Carpathians, Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 1/2004
[Top]

Evolution of the Late Neogene and Eopleistocene fluvial system in the foreland of the Sudetes Mountains, SW Poland

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Evolution of the Late Neogene and Eopleistocene fluvial system in the foreland of the Sudetes Mountains, SW Poland

Autorzy :
Birkenmajer, K.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Research Centre, Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, Poland, ndbirken@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Wolska, A.
Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, 30-063 Kraków, ul. Oleandry 2a, wolska@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Szczepanik, P.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, szczep@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Badura, J.
Polish Geological Institute, Lower Silesian Branch, Al. Jaworowa 19, 53-122 Wrocław, Janusz.Badura@pigod.wroc.pl,
Abstrakty : The oldest Cainozoic fluvial deposits in Lower Silesia date from the Oligocene. During the Middle and Late Miocene times, the fluvial system of this region was only slightly modified, especially in the foreland of the West and Middle Sudetes Mts. River lengths changed, following the migration of the North Sea shorelines. A rapid rebuilding of the fluvial system took place in the foreland of the East Sudetes Mts. either in the Late or Middle Miocene. Till that time, the main river valley of this region – the Nysa Kłodzka River, related to the Paczków and Kędzierzyn Grabens – used to flow towards the East, to a bay of the Paratethys sea. The new main river, pre-Odra, started to flow towards the North not before the Grodków Graben cut meridionally the Meta-Carpathian Swell. We are of the opinion that deposits of the Poznań Formation originated in an fluvial environment because no marine and/or limnic deposits have hitherto been discovered in the area of Lower Silesia above the uppermost of the Middle-Polish lignite seams (Henryk). The pre-Odra River drained the eastern part of Lower Silesia, and flowed towards the North, at least to the Poznań region. This main river captured such smaller rivers, as: the pre-Vistula, pre-Olza, pre-Ostravica, pre-Opava, pre-Nysa Kłodzka, and pre-Bystrzyca. Rivers draining the West Sudetes Mts. flowed first towards the North, to the region of the present-day Middle Odra River, and there turned to the West. It is conceivable that these rivers curved westwards just along the line of the present-day Wrocław – Magdeburg marginal stream valley (“Pradolina”). Since the Pliocene, the Sudetic rivers have started to transport coarser, sandy, and even gravelly material to a more distant foreland. Alluvial deposits of this phase occur exclusively on uplands. Coarse-grained sediments recognized in the bottom of deep erosional incisions were redeposited under subglacial conditions during the Mesopleistocene glaciations. The presented new interpretation of origin of the Poznań Formation basin and detailed recognition of Pliocene and Eopleistocene river system should initiate a new line of research into the Late Neogene and Eopleistocene sediments.

Słowa kluczowe : palaeogeography, fluvial sediments, Neogene, Eopleistocene, Lower Silesia, SW Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 1
Strony : 43 – 61
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Birkenmajer, K. ,Wolska, A. ,Szczepanik, P. ,Badura, J. , Evolution of the Late Neogene and Eopleistocene fluvial system in the foreland of the Sudetes Mountains, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 1/2004
[Top]

Palaeogeography of the western Sandomierz Basin in Late Neogene and Early Quaternary times (Carpathian Foredeep, South Poland)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Palaeogeography of the western Sandomierz Basin in Late Neogene and Early Quaternary times (Carpathian Foredeep, South Poland)

Autorzy :
Birkenmajer, K.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Research Centre, Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, Poland, ndbirken@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Wolska, A.
Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, 30-063 Kraków, ul. Oleandry 2a, wolska@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Szczepanik, P.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, szczep@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Badura, J.
Polish Geological Institute, Lower Silesian Branch, Al. Jaworowa 19, 53-122 Wrocław, Janusz.Badura@pigod.wroc.pl,
Brud, S.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2A, 30-063 Kraków, Poland,
Abstrakty : The sub-Quaternary topography of the western Sandomierz Basin has been compared to variable thicknesses of Quaternary sediments and geomorphology of the area. The lithology and age of the top of Miocene strata have been determined. The Witów Series has been interpreted as a sequence of a braided river that used to flow into the retreating marine basin, forming a fan delta whose age, according to macrofloristic determinations, has been assigned to the Late Miocene. Lower Quaternary gravels cap the remnants of a planated surface situated at 240-250 m a.s.l. The Błonie gravel horizon occurring at a similar altitude was deposited by a river active in Narevian and/or Nidanian glacial stages, and its top underwent reworking during the Sanian-2 stage. Deposits infilling the fossil sub-Carpathian Furrow have been mapped and dated to the Cromerian s.l. interglacial stage. The final alluviation of this segment of the furrow took place during the Sanian-2 stage. Reconstruction of the drainage pattern during the Eopleistocene, South-Polish glaciations, and Masovian inter- glacial stage has been proposed as well.

Słowa kluczowe : Neogene, Quaternary, Early Pleistocene, sub-Quaternary surface, coarse-clastic fluvial sediments, sub-Carpathian Furrow, Sandomierz Basin, Carpathian Foredeep,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 1
Strony : 63 – 93
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Birkenmajer, K. ,Wolska, A. ,Szczepanik, P. ,Badura, J. ,Brud, S. , Palaeogeography of the western Sandomierz Basin in Late Neogene and Early Quaternary times (Carpathian Foredeep, South Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 1/2004
[Top]

The tectogenesis of the Telfer gold-copper ore system in the Proterozoic Paterson orogen, north western Australia

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : The tectogenesis of the Telfer gold-copper ore system in the Proterozoic Paterson orogen, north western Australia

Autorzy :
Birkenmajer, K.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow Research Centre, Senacka 1, 31-002 Kraków, Poland, ndbirken@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Wolska, A.
Department of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, 30-063 Kraków, ul. Oleandry 2a, wolska@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Szczepanik, P.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, szczep@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Badura, J.
Polish Geological Institute, Lower Silesian Branch, Al. Jaworowa 19, 53-122 Wrocław, Janusz.Badura@pigod.wroc.pl,
Brud, S.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2A, 30-063 Kraków, Poland,
Bogacz, W.
Archon Resource Technologies Pty Ltd & BFP Consultants Pty Ltd; Level 2, Eastpoint Plaza, 233 Adelaide Terrace, Perth, 6000 WA, Australia, vbogacz@bfp.com.au,
Abstrakty : This paper reviews the tectonic genesis of the Telfer Au-Cu ore system in the Paterson Orogen, NW Australia. Most previous tectonic interpretations have focused on the regional compression-related tectonic processes. These interpretations, however, could neither explain the tectonic deformation nor the distribution of mineralisation. Tectogenetic analysis indicates that the Telfer deposit comprises two overlapping structural domains, both developed as a result of the upward propagation of basement fractures. The first domain represents a local compression-shear-related regime that initiated tectonic deformation and tectonic shortening of the host rock. This regime had a limited role in the mineralising processes. The second, more important regime for mineralisation control, is associated with local shear-extensional tectonic processes. At deposit scale, concurrent development of a normal dip-slip movement along the earlier formed bedding surfaces and the basement propagated steep reverse-slip shearing along NW-SE (S2) trending structures, parallel to the strike of the Paterson Orogen, are the most important tectonic processes of this domain. Bedding surface extensional openings and development of second order structures with N-S (E3) and NW-SE (E2) orientation controlled the tectonic genesis of the majority of orebodies and mineralised zones forming the Telfer ore system.

Słowa kluczowe : Telfer, Au-Cu system, tectogenesis, extensional model, convex structures, basement, Australia,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 1
Strony : 95 – 121
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Birkenmajer, K. ,Wolska, A. ,Szczepanik, P. ,Badura, J. ,Brud, S. ,Bogacz, W. , The tectogenesis of the Telfer gold-copper ore system in the Proterozoic Paterson orogen, north western Australia. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 1/2004
[Top]

Trace fossils in the Cretaceous-Eocene flysch of the Sinop-Boyabat Basin, Central Pontides, Turkey

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Trace fossils in the Cretaceous-Eocene flysch of the Sinop-Boyabat Basin, Central Pontides, Turkey

Autorzy :
Dziadzio, P. S.
Polish Oil & Gas Company, Department of Exploration, Regional Division “SOUTH”- Jasło, Asnyka 6, 38-200 Jasło, Poland,
Uchman, A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, fred@ing.uj.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : Sixty six ichnotaxa have been recognized in Barremian-Lutetian deep-marine deposits of the Sinop- Boyabat Basin, north-central Turkey, which evolved from a backarc rift into a retroarc foreland, with two episodes of major shallowing. The blackish-grey shales of the Çađlayan Fm (Barremian-Cenomanian) contain low- diversity traces fossils of mobile sediment feeders influenced by low oxygenation. One of the oldest occurrences of Scolicia indicates early adaptation to burrowing in organic-rich mud. The “normal” flysch of the Coniacian- Campanian Yemişliçay Fm bears a low-diversity Nereites ichnofacies influenced by volcanic activity. The Maastrichtian-Late Palaeocene carbonate flysch of the Akveren Fm contains a Nereites ichnofacies of moderate diversity, which is impoverished in the uppermost part, where tempestites indicate marked shallowing. The overlying variegated muddy flysch of the Atbaşý Fm (latest Palaeocene-earliest Eocene) bears an impoverished Nereites ichnofacies, which is attributed to oligotrophy and reduced preservation potential. The sand-rich silici-clastic flysch of the Kusuri Fm (Early-Middle Eocene) bears a high-diversity Nereites ichnofacies, except for the topmost part, where tempestites and littoral bioclastic limestone reflect rapid shallowing due to the tectonic closure of the basin. The turbiditic channel-fill and proximal lobe facies show a reduced trace-fossil diversity, but abundant Ophiomorpha , which is typical of the Ophiomorpha rudis sub-ichnofacies of the Nereites ichnofacies. The high abundance of Ophiomorpha in the Kusuri Fm and its low abundance in the Akveren Fm are related to plant detritus supply. The Kusuri turbiditic system was fed by a large delta, supplying rich plant detritus, whereas the Akveren system was fed by a carbonate ramp that supplied little or no such material. The extension of the Nereites ichnofacies into the tempestite-bearing neritic deposits at the top of both the Akveren and Kusuri formations indicates the capacity of the deep-water ichnofauna to survive in a rapidly-shoaling restricted basin. Only the topmost shoreface sandstones of the Akveren Fm show sporadic Ophiomorpha ? nodosa , a typical shallow-marine trace fossil.

Słowa kluczowe : ichnology, Nereites ichnofacies, bathymetry, turbidites, tempestites, rift, foreland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2004
Numer : Vol. 74, No 2
Strony : 197 – 235
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Dziadzio, P. S. ,Uchman, A. , Trace fossils in the Cretaceous-Eocene flysch of the Sinop-Boyabat Basin, Central Pontides, Turkey. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 74, No 2/2004
[Top]