Category: Vol. 83, No. 3

Garnet provenance in mixed first-cycle and poly-cycle heavy-mineral assemblages of the Ropianka and Menilite formations (Skole Nappe, Polish Flysch Carpathians) : constraints from chemical composition and grain

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Garnet provenance in mixed first-cycle and poly-cycle heavy-mineral assemblages of the Ropianka and Menilite formations (Skole Nappe, Polish Flysch Carpathians) : constraints from chemical composition and grain

Autorzy :
Salata, D.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30- 063 Kraków, Poland, dorota.salata@uj.edu.pl.,
Abstrakty : Garnet in heavy-mineral assemblages, occurring in sandstones of the Campanian–Maastrichtian part of the Ropianka (Late Cretaceous–Palaeocene) and Menilite (Oligocene) formations of the Skole Nappe, is present as first-cycle and poly-cycle grains, derived from a proximal source, remote areas and/or from sedimentary rocks of the Skole Basin foreland. The garnets in the formations are compositionally similar, suggesting an origin from the same source rocks. Relatively large amounts of garnet, represented by euhedral or slightly rounded, weakly etched or unetched almandine and spessartine-almandine garnet, and minor pyrope-enriched almandine, were derived directly from a source close to the Skole Basin. These garnets are from sediments, metamorphosed at low- to medium-grade conditions (such as mica-schists, gneisses) and perhaps also granitic bodies. Rounded and variously etched garnets, especially high pyrope-almandine and pyrope-almandine-grossular varieties, but also partly almandine-dominated varieties, are suggested to have been derived from distant sources, such as sedimentary rocks of the Upper Silesian and Małopolska blocks. Rocks, forming uplifted parts of the crystalline basement of Brunovistulicum and/or crystalline domains of the Bohemian Massif, could have been protoliths for part of the almandine-dominated garnet population, whereas pyrope-grossular-almandine garnets may originate from the granulitic, eclogitic or metabasic rocks of the Bohemian Massif. The study shows that analyses of garnet composition, combined with observations on grain textural features and data on the lithology of clasts and pebbles, can permit the determination of sources for different garnet varieties in mixed-provenance populations.

Słowa kluczowe : detrital garnet, mixed provenance, protolith location, flysch, Skole Nappe, Carpathians,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 3
Strony : 161 – 177
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DOI :
Cytuj : Salata, D. , Garnet provenance in mixed first-cycle and poly-cycle heavy-mineral assemblages of the Ropianka and Menilite formations (Skole Nappe, Polish Flysch Carpathians) : constraints from chemical composition and grain. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 3/2013

Systematic and palaeoecological study of Miocene terrestrial gastropods from Zwierzyniec (southern Poland)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Systematic and palaeoecological study of Miocene terrestrial gastropods from Zwierzyniec (southern Poland)

Autorzy :
Salata, D.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30- 063 Kraków, Poland, dorota.salata@uj.edu.pl.,
Stworzewicz, E.
Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, PL 31-016 Kraków, Poland, stworzewicz@isez.pan.krakow.pl,
Prisyazhnyuk, V. A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 55b Gonchara, UK 01030 Kiev, prysval@mail.ru,
Górka, A.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, magurka@uw.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : While the marine molluscs from Sarmatian deposits of the Carpathian Foredeep Basin are known in general, there is a paucity of data on the terrestrial gastropods. Recently, a rich assemblage of terrestrial snails, accompanied by freshwater species, was found in Zwierzyniec, in the north-western, marginal part of the Carpathian Foredeep. Among the 38 taxa recognised, there are 22 species found in Poland for the first time; a new clausiliid species Triloba magurkai Stworzewicz sp. nov. is described. Freshwater gastropods (nine Lymnaeidae species and two Planorbidae species) were presented elsewhere. The malacofauna comprises aquatic and typical hygrophilous elements from coastal wetland habitats, some xerophilous species from dry, open environments, and gastropods from an adjacent subtropical woodland.

Słowa kluczowe : terrestrial gastropods, Middle Miocene, Carpathian Foredeep Basin, systematics, palaeoecology,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 3
Strony : 179 – 200
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DOI :
Cytuj : Salata, D. ,Stworzewicz, E. ,Prisyazhnyuk, V. A. ,Górka, A. , Systematic and palaeoecological study of Miocene terrestrial gastropods from Zwierzyniec (southern Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 3/2013
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Foraminiferal stratigraphy of Palaeogene deep-water red facies in the Gorce Mountains (Magura Nappe, Polish Outer Carpathians)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Foraminiferal stratigraphy of Palaeogene deep-water red facies in the Gorce Mountains (Magura Nappe, Polish Outer Carpathians)

Autorzy :
Salata, D.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30- 063 Kraków, Poland, dorota.salata@uj.edu.pl.,
Stworzewicz, E.
Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, PL 31-016 Kraków, Poland, stworzewicz@isez.pan.krakow.pl,
Prisyazhnyuk, V. A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 55b Gonchara, UK 01030 Kiev, prysval@mail.ru,
Górka, A.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, magurka@uw.edu.pl,
Bąk, K.
Institute of Geography, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków, Poland, sgbak@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Bąk, M.
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, University of Science and Technology, Aleje Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Cieśla, M.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland,
Paul, Z.
Polish Geological Institute, Carpathian Branch in Cracow, Skrzatów 1, 31-560 Kraków, Poland,
Abstrakty : The deposition of red and variegated mudstones and claystones characterized the ancient Tethys Ocean during Cretaceous and Palaeogene times, including in its north-western part, the Alpine–Carpathian deep-water basins. Palaeogene variegated sediments, containing red mudstone and claystone layers, crop out in the Gorce Mountains (Rosocha creek, near Lubomierz) in the Magura Nappe (Bystrica Subunit) of the Polish Outer Carpathians. These sediments occur as layers 1–10 cm thick and as packages of layers 2–3 m thick that are associated with very thin-bedded turbidites. The entire succession is tectonically disturbed and parts of it belong to the Ropianka, Łabowa Shale and Beloveža Formations. The sediments studied contain 27 genera and 59 species that belong to deep-water agglutinated foraminiferal (DWAF) assemblages. Tubular taxa, which are frequent in various Mesozoic–Cenozoic flysch sediments are relatively rare in the section studied. The assemblages are moderately diverse (3–20 taxa per sample). Excluding tubular forms, the most common taxa belong to Trochamminoides – Paratrochamminoides spp., Saccammina placenta, glomospirids, Recurvoides – Recurvoidella spp. and karrerulinids. The oldest part of the red sediments, referable to the Ropianka Formation, represents the upper part of the Rzehakina fissistomata Zone (probably the Upper Palaeocene). The youngest red sediments, forming thin intercalations in the Beloveža Formation, represent the acme of Reticulophragmium amplectens (middle Lutetian). Owing to tectonic disturbances, most of the Lower Eocene part of the variegated facies of the Łabowa Shale Formation is not preserved in the section studied. The upper part of it, a package 2 m thick, represents the lower part of the Reticulophragmium amplectens Zone. The small thickness (10–15 m) of the Łabowa Shale Formation in the section studied is similar to other sections in the southern part of the Bystrica Subunit. It is probably of a sedimentary nature, reflecting a decreasing number of mud-rich, gravitational flows in the southern part of the Magura Basin during the Early Eocene. Nevertheless, the strong tectonic disturbances that took place in this area during the Oligocene–Miocene folding and overthrusting influenced the reduction in thickness of these sediments.

Słowa kluczowe : agglutinated Foraminifera, red claystones and mudstones, Palaeocene, Eocene, Magura Nappe, Polish Outer Carpathians, Gorce Mountains,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 3
Strony : 201 – 212
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DOI :
Cytuj : Salata, D. ,Stworzewicz, E. ,Prisyazhnyuk, V. A. ,Górka, A. ,Bąk, K. ,Bąk, M. ,Cieśla, M. ,Paul, Z. , Foraminiferal stratigraphy of Palaeogene deep-water red facies in the Gorce Mountains (Magura Nappe, Polish Outer Carpathians). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 3/2013
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Olenekian (Early Triassic) fossil assemblage from eastern Julian Alps (Slovenia)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Olenekian (Early Triassic) fossil assemblage from eastern Julian Alps (Slovenia)

Autorzy :
Salata, D.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30- 063 Kraków, Poland, dorota.salata@uj.edu.pl.,
Stworzewicz, E.
Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, PL 31-016 Kraków, Poland, stworzewicz@isez.pan.krakow.pl,
Prisyazhnyuk, V. A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 55b Gonchara, UK 01030 Kiev, prysval@mail.ru,
Górka, A.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, magurka@uw.edu.pl,
Bąk, K.
Institute of Geography, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków, Poland, sgbak@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Bąk, M.
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, University of Science and Technology, Aleje Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Cieśla, M.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland,
Paul, Z.
Polish Geological Institute, Carpathian Branch in Cracow, Skrzatów 1, 31-560 Kraków, Poland,
Kolar-Jurkovšek, T.
Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimičeva ulica 14, 1 000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, tea.kolar@geo-zs.si,
Vuks, V. J.
Federal State Unitary Enterprise “A.P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute” Sredny pr. 74, 199106 St.-Petersburg, Russia, Valery_Vuks@vsegei.ru,
Aljinović, D.
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering, Pierottijeva 6, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia, dunja.aljinovic@rgn.hr,
Hautmann, M.
Paläontologisches Institut und Museum, Karl Schmid-Strasse 4, 8006 Zürich, Switzerland, michael.hautmann@pim.uzh.ch,
Kaim, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, kaim@twarda.pan.pl,
Jurkovšek, B.
Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimičeva ulica 14, 1 000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, bogdan.jurkovsek@geo-zs.si,
Abstrakty : New palaeontological and sedimentological data from the Lower Triassic strata of the eastern Julian Alps in Slovenia are presented., They are unusual for the Early Triassic of the Alps in representing a relatively deeper, unrestricted marine (mid-ramp) setting. There are two basic microfacies types in the section investigated (types A and B), which are organized as couplets with coarse-grained tempestitic deposits (microfacies A), overlain by laminated or bioturbated lime mudstones and/or marls (microfacies B), frequently containing ammonoids. This pattern is interpreted as storm deposition with occasional winnowing of bottom sediments and the formation of coarse-grained skeletal deposits (lags), followed by the slow settling of suspended particles, when the storm waned, in addition to background deposition. Dominantly lime mud deposition and the presence of ammonoids indicate deposition on a more distal, deeper ramp with an unrestricted connection to the open sea. Intense reworking of bottom skeletal-rich sediment and accumulation of storm lags suggest deposition above the storm wave base, possibly in a wide low-energy mid-ramp environment. Faunas from such settings have been reported relatively rarely from the Early Triassic of the Alps. The macrofauna contains ammonoids, bivalves and gastropods, whereas the microfauna is represented by foraminifer tests and conodont elements; rare fish remains also occur. In the foraminifer assemblages, species of Ammodiscus, Hoyenella, Glomospirella dominated, corresponding to the widespread “Glomospira-Glomospirella” foraminifer community, with some miliolids and nodosariids. The conodont fauna is characterized by Triassospathodus hungaricus (Kozur et Mostler), indicating an early Spathian (Olenekian) age. The fossil assemblage highlights the wide distribution of Early Triassic taxa in the Tethys and facilitates its worldwide correlation. Its relatively low diversity by comparison with shallow marine settings is interpreted as an evolutionary proximal-distal trend in the wake of the end-Permian mass extinction. Re-diversification first occurred in nearshore settings and expanded into deeper/distal marine environments through geological time.

Słowa kluczowe : Olenekian, Early Triassic, foraminifers, bivaves, gastropods, conodonts, sedimentology, Julian Alps, Slovenia,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 3
Strony : 213 – 227
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DOI :
Cytuj : Salata, D. ,Stworzewicz, E. ,Prisyazhnyuk, V. A. ,Górka, A. ,Bąk, K. ,Bąk, M. ,Cieśla, M. ,Paul, Z. ,Kolar-Jurkovšek, T. ,Vuks, V. J. ,Aljinović, D. ,Hautmann, M. ,Kaim, A. ,Jurkovšek, B. , Olenekian (Early Triassic) fossil assemblage from eastern Julian Alps (Slovenia). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 3/2013
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Needle-fibre calcite and nanofibres as components of Holocene fissure-filling carbonates in southern Poland

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Needle-fibre calcite and nanofibres as components of Holocene fissure-filling carbonates in southern Poland

Autorzy :
Salata, D.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30- 063 Kraków, Poland, dorota.salata@uj.edu.pl.,
Stworzewicz, E.
Polish Academy of Sciences, Sławkowska 17, PL 31-016 Kraków, Poland, stworzewicz@isez.pan.krakow.pl,
Prisyazhnyuk, V. A.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, 55b Gonchara, UK 01030 Kiev, prysval@mail.ru,
Górka, A.
Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Al. Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL 02-089 Warszawa, Poland, magurka@uw.edu.pl,
Bąk, K.
Institute of Geography, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Kraków, Poland, sgbak@cyf-kr.edu.pl,
Bąk, M.
Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, University of Science and Technology, Aleje Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Cieśla, M.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland,
Paul, Z.
Polish Geological Institute, Carpathian Branch in Cracow, Skrzatów 1, 31-560 Kraków, Poland,
Kolar-Jurkovšek, T.
Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimičeva ulica 14, 1 000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, tea.kolar@geo-zs.si,
Vuks, V. J.
Federal State Unitary Enterprise “A.P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute” Sredny pr. 74, 199106 St.-Petersburg, Russia, Valery_Vuks@vsegei.ru,
Aljinović, D.
University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering, Pierottijeva 6, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia, dunja.aljinovic@rgn.hr,
Hautmann, M.
Paläontologisches Institut und Museum, Karl Schmid-Strasse 4, 8006 Zürich, Switzerland, michael.hautmann@pim.uzh.ch,
Kaim, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, kaim@twarda.pan.pl,
Jurkovšek, B.
Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimičeva ulica 14, 1 000 Ljubljana, Slovenia, bogdan.jurkovsek@geo-zs.si,
Gradziński, M.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, michal.gradzinski@uj.edu.pl,
Jach, R.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, renata.jach@uj.edu.pl,
Górnikiewcz, R.
Institute of Geological Sciences, Jagiellonian University, Oleandry 2a, 30-063 Kraków, Poland, edytag89@gmail.com,
Abstrakty : The article deals with the carbonates, filling fissures in limestone bedrock and presently exposed in a south-facing rock wall of Kramnica hill (Pieniny Klippen Belt, southern Poland). The carbonates are composed of (i) needle-fibre calcite crystals, (ii) carbonate nanofibres, (iii) carbonate nanoparticles, and (iv) micrite and sparite calcite crystals. Detrital grains from the carbonate bedrock occur subordinately. The spatial relationships of the components give documentation that the nanofibres were formed simultaneously with or slightly later than the needle-fibre calcite crystals. There exists a continuous chain of forms from nanoparticles to elongated nanofibres. This, in turn, indicates that all the above morphological forms are related genetically. In relatively wide fissures, the carbonates studied formed stepped microterracettes, similar to those of speleothems, mainly of moonmilk type. Conversely, narrow fissures are completely filled with carbonates, which display parallel lamination. The carbonates were formed in the late Holocene. However, “dead carbon effect” precludes the possibility of any precise dating of them. Their δ13C and δ18O values are in ranges from -5.1‰ to -3.8‰ and from -6‰ to -4.7‰, respectively. The carbonates studied bear a strong resemblance to soil and spelean, moonmilk-type carbonates. This indicates that continuity exists between the depositional environments of soil and spelean carbonate.

Słowa kluczowe : speleothems, caliche, stable isotopes, radiocarbon dating, Pieniny Klippen Belt, Western Carpathians,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 3
Strony : 229–242
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DOI :
Cytuj : Salata, D. ,Stworzewicz, E. ,Prisyazhnyuk, V. A. ,Górka, A. ,Bąk, K. ,Bąk, M. ,Cieśla, M. ,Paul, Z. ,Kolar-Jurkovšek, T. ,Vuks, V. J. ,Aljinović, D. ,Hautmann, M. ,Kaim, A. ,Jurkovšek, B. ,Gradziński, M. ,Jach, R. ,Górnikiewcz, R. , Needle-fibre calcite and nanofibres as components of Holocene fissure-filling carbonates in southern Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 3/2013
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