Category: Vol. 83, No. 4

Middle Devonian brachiopods from the southern Maїder (eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Middle Devonian brachiopods from the southern Maїder (eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco)

Autorzy :
Halamski, A. T.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, ath@twarda.pan.pl,
Baliński, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, balinski@twarda.pan.pl,
Abstrakty : Sixty-two Middle Devonian brachiopod species are described on the basis of >1300 specimens from the Taboumakhlof Formation (and subordinately probably also from the top of the El Otfal Formation) at Madne el Mrakib (middle to late Eifelian or early Givetian?), Aferdou el Mrakib (late Eifelian to middle Givetian), and Guelb el Maharch (early Givetian) on the southern edge of the MaÎder Syncline (eastern Anti-Atlas, Mo- rocco). Representatives of Craniida (2 taxa), Strophomenida (5), Productida (2), Orthotetida (2), Orthida (5), Pentamerida (5), Rhynchonellida (9), Atrypida (14), Athyridida (7), Spiriferida (9), and Spiriferinida (2) are present. The fauna is dominated quantitatively by the Atrypida (24% of taxa, about the half of specimens, and the commonest species Atryparia dispersa making up about 13% of the material); the Rhynchonellida (16% of taxa, about one-sixth of specimens) are the second largest order. A new genus of the family Pugnacidae (order Rhynchonellida), Paulinaerhynchia, is proposed with the type species P. paulinae gen. et sp. nov. from Maharch; it is closest to Pugnax, from which it differs in distinct costation, lack of a dorsal septum and septalium, and rudimentary dental plates. Desquamatia (D.) deserti sp. nov., a large and finely costate representative of the genus, is described also from Maharch. Antirhynchonella and Glosshypothyridina are reported for the first time or con- firmed to be present in the Givetian. Forty (possibly up to 46) species (71 or possibly up to 82% of the taxa identified at the species level) are present also in either Eifel (Germany) or the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). Such a high ratio of species in common attests to unconstrained faunal exchanges among benthic faunas between the northern and southern shores of the Variscan Sea during the Middle Devonian. This favours the palaeogeo- graphic hypothesis of a narrow Variscan Sea.

Słowa kluczowe : systematics, Brachiopoda, Morocco, Devonian, Eifelian, Givetian, Variscan Sea, palaeobiogeography,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 4
Strony : 243 – 307
Bibliografia : 1. Abramân, M. S., 1974. Devonskaä sistema, brahiopody. In: Akopän, V. T. (ed.), Attas iskopaemoj fauny Armänskoj SSR. Editions of the Armenian SRR Academy of Sciences, Erevan, 48-64. In Russian.
2. Alekseeva, R. E., 1960. O novom podrode Atrypa (Desquamatia) subgen. nov. izsem. Atrypidae Gill (Brahiopody). Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 131: 421-424.
3. Alimen, H., Le Maitre, D., Menchikoff, N., Petter, G. & Poueyto, A., 1952. Les chaines d’Ougarta et la Saoura. XIXeme Congres géologique international, Monographies regionales, 1ere Série : Algérie – n° 15. Alger, 114 pp.
4. Alvarez, F. & Brime, C., 2000. Type specimens of athyridid brachiopods from the James Hall collection. The University of Kansas, Paleontological Contributions, New Series, 12: 1- 15.
5. Alvarez, F. & Brunton, C. H. C., 2005. On the name-bearing type of Athyris concentrica (von Buch, 1834). Lethaia, 38: 86-87.
6. Alvarez, F., Brunton. C. H. C. & Struve, W., 1996. On Athyris (Brachiopoda) and its type species ‘ Terebratula‘ concentrica von Buch. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 76: 65-105.
7. Alvarez, F. & Rong Jia-yu, 2002. Athyridida. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 4: Rhynchonelliformea. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1475- 1614.
8. Amsden, T. W., 1953. Some notes on the Pentameracea, including a description of one new genus and one new subfamily. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 43: 137-147.
9. Anderson, M. M., Boucot, A. J. & Johnson, J. G., 1969. Eifelian brachiopods from Padaupkin, Northern Shan States, Burma. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology, 18: 105-163.
10. d’Archiac, E. J. A. D. & de Verneuil, E. P. P., 1842. On the fossils of the older deposits in the Rhenish provinces; preceded by a general survey of the fauna of the Palaeozoic rocks, and followed by a tabular list of the organic remains of the Devonian System in Europe. Transactions of the Geological Society of London, 6: 304-408.
11. Baliński, A., 1979. Brachiopods and Conodonts from the Frasnian of the Dębnik Anticline, Southern Poland. Palaeontologia Polonica, 39: 3-95.
12. Baliński, A., 2012. The brachiopod succession through the Silurian-Devonian boundary beds at Dnistrove, Podolia, Ukraine. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 57: 897-924.
13. Baliński, A. & Sun, Y., 2010. New paeckelmannelloidean spiriferids (Brachiopoda) from the Early Mississippian of southern China. Special Papers in Palaeontology, 84: 91-98.
14. Barrande, J., 1848. Über die Brachiopoden der silurischen Schichten von Böhmen. Naturwisseschaftliche Abhandlungen, 2: 155-256.
15. Barrande, J., 1879. Systeme Silurien du centre de la Boheme. Iere partie: Recherches paléontologiques. Vol. 5 : Classe des Mol- lusques, Ordre des Brachiopodes. Chez l’auteur. Prague – Paris, pp. 1-226.
16. Basse, M., 2012. Fossilium Catalogus. I: Animalia. Pars 150: Trilobites Africae: Catalogus Typorum. Backhuys Publishers, Markgraf publishers, Weikersheim, 311 pp.
17. Becker, T. R., Bockwinkel, J., Ebbighausen, V., Aboussalam, S. Z., El Hassani, A. & Nübel, H., 2004. Lower and Middle Devonian stratigraphy and faunas at Bou Tserfine near Assa (Dra Valley, SW Morocco). Documents de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, 19: 90-100.
18. Bełka, Z. & Narkiewicz, M., 2008. Devonian. In: McCann, T. (ed.), The Geology of Central Europe. Volume 1: Precambrian and Palaeozoic. The Geological Society, London, pp. 383-410.
19. Bełka, Z., Kaufmann, B. & Bultynck, P., 1997. Conodont-based quantilalive biostratigraphy for the Eifelian of the eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Geological Society of America, Bulletin, 109: 643-651.
20. Biernat, G., 1959. Middle Devonian Orthoidea of the Holy Cross Mounlains and Their Onlogeny. Palaeontologia Polonica, 10: 1-78.
21. Biernat, G., 1964. Middle Devonian Atrypacea (Brachiopoda) from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 9: 277-340.
22. Biernat, G., 1966. Middle Devonian Brachiopods from the Bodzentyn Syncline (Holy Cross Mountains, Poland). Palaeontologia Polonica, 17: 1-162.
23. Biernat, G. & Baliński, A., 1982. Shell structure of the Devonian brachiopod Plectospiraferita. Palaeontology, 25: 857-867.
24. Biernat, G. & Lazarev, S. S., 1988. Genus Poloniproductus nov. (Brachiopoda, Devonian). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 33: 59-71.
25. Blodgett, R. B., Boucot, A. J. & Rong Jia-yu, 2002. Gypiduloidea. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda (Revised), Vol. 4: Rhynchonelliformea. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, pp. 1005-1020. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas.
26. Boucot, A. J., Johnson, J. G. & Talent, J. A., 1969. Early Devonian brachiopod zoogeography. Geological Society of America, Special Papers, 119: 1-113.
27. Boucot, A. J., Massa, D. & Perry, D. G., 1983. Stratigraphy, biogeography, and taxonomy of some Lower and Middle Devonian brachiopod-bearing beds of Libya and northern Niger. Palaeontographica, AbteilungA, 180: 91-125.
28. Boucot, A. J., Rong, Jia-yu & Blodgett, R. B., 2002. Pentameridina. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised. Volume 4: Rhynchonelliformea. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 960-1026.
29. Boumendjel, K., Morzadec, P., Paris, F. & Plusquellec, Y., 1997a. Le Dévonien de l’Ougarta (Sahara occidental, Algérie). Annales de la Société géologique du Nord, 2eme série, 5: 73-87.
30. Boumendjel, K., Brice, D., Copper, P., Gourvennec, R., Jahnke, Lardeux, H., Le Menn, J., Melou, M., Morzadec, P., Paris, Plusquellec, Y. & Racheboeuf, P., 1997b. Les faunes du Dévonien de l’Ougarta (Sahara occidental, Algérie). Annales de la Société géologique du Nord, 2eme série, 5: 89-116.
31. Brice, D., 1971. Étude paléontologique et stratigraphique du Dévonien de l’Afghanistan. Notes et Mémoires surle Moyen – Orient, 11: 1-364.
32. Brice, D., 1982. Brachiopodes du Dévonien inférieur et moyen des formalions de Blue Fiord et Bird Fiord des Iles Arctiques canadiennes. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin, 326: 1-175.
33. Brice, D., 1985. Les brachiopodes de La Serre (Sud de Cabrieres – Montagne Noire) pres de la limite Dévonien moyen – Dévonien supérieur). Hercynica, 1: 131-154.
34. Brice, D., 1988. Brachiopodes du Dévonien de Ferques (Boulonnais – France). In: Brice, D. (ed.), Le Dévonien de Ferques, Bas-Boulonnais (N. France). Biostratigraphie du Paléozo'ique, 7: 323-389.
35. Brice, D. & Loones, C., 2002. Nouvelles données sur des brachiopodes Cyrtospiriferidae, Reticulariidae, Uncitidae et Stringocephalidae du Dévonien de Ferques (Boulonnais – France). Annales de la Société géologique du Nord, 2 série, 9: 91-109.
36. Brice, D. & Morzadec, P., 1983. Rhynchonellida (Brachiopodes) du Dévonien moyen et supérieur de la Rade de Brest (Massif Armoricain). Géobios, 16: 549-581.
37. Brice, D., Lafuste, J., de Lapparent, A. F., Pillet, J. & Yassini, I., 1973. Etude de deux gisements paléozoi'ques (Silurien et Dévonien) de l’Elbourz oriental (Iran). Annales de la Société géologique du Nord, 43: 177-218.
38. Brice, D., Mottequin, B. & Loones, C., 2008. Découverte de nouveaux brachiopodes dans le Givétien (Dévonien) du Boulonnais (N. France). Annales de la Société géologique du Nord, 2eme série, 15: 1-14.
39. Brice, D., Boumendjel, K., Racheboeuf, P. R. & Mottequin, B., 2011. Lower Devonian rhynchonellid brachiopods from the Ougarta area (western Sahara, Algeria). Bulletin of Geosciences, 86: 71-90.
40. Bronn, H. G., 1835-37 published 1834-38 (39?). Lethaea geognostica, oder Abbildungen und Beschreibungen der für die Gebirgs-Formationen bezeichnendsten Versteinerungen. Zweite Auflage. Erster Band, das Übergangs- bis Oolithen – Gebirge enthaltend. Atlas, XLVII Tafeln mit Abbildungen zur Lethäa geognostica. E. Schweitzerbart’s Verlagshandlung, Stuttgart, 544 pp.
41. Brousmiche, C., 1975. Etude de quelques Productida (Brachiopoda) du Maroc présaharien. Annales de Paléontologie, 61: 119-163.
42. Brunton, C. H. C., Alvarez, F. & MacKinnon, D., 1996. Morphological terms used to delcribe the cardinalia of arliculate brachiopods: homologies and recommendations. Historical Biology, 11: 9-41.
43. Buch, L. von, 1834. Über Terebrateln, mit einem Versuch, sie zu classificiren und zu beschreiben. Eine in der Königliche Akademie der Wissenschaften gelesene Abhandlung, 124 pp., pls I-III. Berlin, Druckerei der Königl. Akademie der Wissenschaften.
44. Buch, L. von, 1837. Über Delthyris oder Spirifer und Orthis. Abhandlungen der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1836: 1-79, pls 1-2.
45. Buch, L. von, 1840. Beiträge zur Bestimmung der Gebirgsformationen in Russland. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Huttenkünde, 15: 3-128.
46. Bultynck, P. & Hollevoet, C., 1999. The Eifelian-Givetian boundary and Struve’s Middle Devonian Great Gap in the Couvin area (Ardennes, southern Belgium). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 79: 3-11.
47. Carter, J. L. & Gourvennec, R., 2006. Reticularioidea. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised. Volume 5: Rhynchonelliformea. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1848-1870.
48. Cheetham, A. H. & Hazel, J. H., 1969. Binary (presence-absence) similarity coefficients. Journal of Paleontology, 43: 11301136.
49. Chen, X.-Q. & Tazawa, J.-I., 2003. Middle Devonian (Eifelian) Brachiopods from the southern Kitakami Mounlains, northeast Japan. Journal of Paleontology, 77: 1040-1052.
50. Choubert, G. & Maręais, J., 1956. Les grands traits de la géologie du Maroc. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 134: 1-38.
51. Choubert, G. & Faure-Muret, A. (coord.), 1988. Carte géologique internationale de l’Afrique 1/5 000 000. Feuille 1. Commission de la Carte géologique du monde.
52. Conrad, T. A. 1839. Descriplions of new species of organic remains. Second Annual Report on the Palaeontological De l partment of the Survey. New York State Geologtcal Survey, Annual Report, 3: 57-66.
53. Conrad, T. A., 1842. Observalions on the Silurian and Devonian systems of the United States with descriptions of new organic remains. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 8: 228-280.
54. Cooper, G. A., 1945. New species of brachiopods from the Devonian of Illinois and Missouri. Journal of Paleontology, 19: 479-489.
55. Cooper, G. A., 1955. New genera of Middle Paleozoic brachiopods. Journal of Paleontology, 29: 45-63.
56. Copper, P., 1965. Unusual structures in Devonian Atrypidae from England. Palaeontology, 8: 358-373.
57. Copper, P., 1966a. The Atrypa zonata brachiopod group in the Eifel, Germany. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 47: 1-55.
58. Copper, P., 1966b. European mid-Devonian correlations. Nature, 209 (5027): 982-984.
59. Copper, P., 1967a. Spinatrypa and Spinatrypina (Devonian Brachiopoda). Palaeontology, 10: 489-523.
60. Copper, P., 1967b. Morphology and distribution of Kerpina Struve (Devonian Atrypida). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 41: 73-85.
61. Copper, P., 1967c. Atrypa (Planatrypa), a new Devonian brachio- pod-species group. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 128: 229-243.
62. Copper, P., 1973. Bifida and Kayseria (Brachiopoda) and their affinity. Palaeontology, 16: 117-138.
63. Copper, P., 1978. Devonian atrypoids from western and northern Canada. In: Stelck, C. R. & Chatterton, B. D. E. (eds), Western and Arctic Canadian Biostratigraphy. Geological Association of Canada, Special Paper, 18: 289-331.
64. Copper, P., 1986. Evolution of the earliest smooth spire-bearing atrypoids (Brachiopoda: Lissatrypidae, Ordovician-Silurian). Palaeontology, 29: 827-866.
65. Copper, P., 2002. Atrypida. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 4: Rhynchonelliformea. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1377-1474.
66. Copper, P. & Chen, Yuanren, 1995. Invertina, a new Middle Devonian atrypid brachiopod genus from South China. Journal of Paleontology, 69: 251-256.
67. Cottreau, J., 1940. Coralliaires, brachiopodes et crinoides mésodévoniens du Sahara mauritanien et occidental. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 5eme série, 10: 187-200.
68. Dahmer, G., 1930. Mandelner Schichten (Zweischalerfauna des obersten Unterdevons) an der Mosel. Jahrbuch der preußischen geologischen Landesanstalt, 51: 88-94.
69. Davidson, T., 1864. A monograph of British Devonian Brachiopoda. Part VI, first portion. Palaeontographical Society Monographs, 16 (68): 1-56.
70. Davidson, T., 1882. A monograph of the British fossil Brachiopoda. Vol. 5, part 1: Devonian and Silurian Supplements. Palaeontographical Society Monographs, 36 (172): 1-134.
71. Defrance, J. L. M., 1828. Calcéole. Calceola. 306. In: Cuvier, F. (ed.), Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des différens étres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mémes, d’apres l’état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l’utilité qu’en peuvent retirer la médecine, l’agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Tome XXXII (Mollus-Morf). 567 pp. F. G. Levrault, StrasbourgParis & Le Normant, Paris.
72. Delépine, G., 1951. Studies of the Devonian and Carboniferous of Western Europe and North Africa. Proceedings of the Geologists’Association, 62: 140-166.
73. Destombes, J. & Hollard, H. (eds), 1986. Carte géologique du Maroc au 1: 200 000. Feuille Tafilalt-Taouz. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 244.
74. Devos, I., 1962. Contribution a l’étude du Givétien etduFrasnien du Boulonnais. Unpublished D.E.S. thesis. Université de Lille, Faculté des Sciences, 162 pp.
75. Dopieralska, J., 2009. Reconstructing seawater circulation on the Moroccan shelf of Gondwana during the Late Devonian: Evidence from Nd isotope composition of conodonts. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10 (3) Q03015, doi:10.1029/ 2008GC002247.
76. Döring, S. & Kazmierczak, M., 2001. Stratigraphy, geometry, and facies of a Middle Devonian ramp-to-basin transect (Eastern Anti-Atlas, SE Morocco). Facies, 44: 137-150.
77. Dresch, J., Gigout, M., Joly, F., Le Coz, J. & Raynal, R., 1952. As- pects de la géomorphologie du Maroc. XIXe Congres géologique international, Monographies regionales. 3e série: Maroc, no 3. Rabat, 182 pp.
78. Dresnay, R., du, Hindermeyer, J., Emberger, A., Caia, J., Des- tombes, J. & Hollard, H., 1988. Carte géologique du Maroc: Todrha – Ma’der (Anti-Atlas orienlal, zones axiale et périphérique Nord et Sud) – Echelle : 1/200 000. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 243.
79. Drot, J., 1961a. Quelques formes de Brachiopodes givétiens du Dräa (Maroc présaharien) peu communes en Afrique du Nord. Notes du Service géologique du Maroc, 20: 59-68.
80. Drot, J., 1961b. Remarques préliminaires sur la faune de brachiopodes du Zemmour (Mauritanie). Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 7 série, 3: 257-265.
81. Drot, J., 1964. Rhynchonelloidea et Spiriferoidea siluro-dévoniens du Maroc pré-saharien. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 178: 1-240.
82. Drot, J., 1966. Nouvelles observations sur les brachiopodes dévoniens du Maroc présaharien. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 7 série, 8: 877-883.
83. Drot, J., 1971. Rhynchonellida siluriens et dévoniens du Maroc présaharien. Nouvelles observations. Notes du Service géologique du Maroc, 31 (237) : 65-108.
84. Dumestre, A. & Illing, L. V., 1967. Middle Devonian reefs in Spanish Sahara. In: Oswald, D. H. (ed.), International Symposium on the Devonian System, Vol. 2. Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, Calgary, pp. 333-350.
85. Ebbighausen, V., Becker, R. T., Bockwinkel, J. & Aboussalam, Z. S., 2007. Givetian (Middle Devonian) brachiopod-goniatitecorrelation in the Dra Valley (Anti-Atlas, Morocco) and Ber- gisch Gladbach-Paffrath Syncline (Rhenish Massif, Germany). In: Becker, R. T. & Kirchgasser, W. T. (eds), Devonian Events and Correlations. Geological Society, London, Special Publication, 278: 157-172.
86. Elliott, G. F., 1961. A new British Devonian alga, Palaeoporella lummatonensis, and the brachiopod evidence of the age of the Lummaton Shell-Bed. Proceedings of the Geologists’ Association, 72: 251-260.
87. Ennih, N. & Liégeois, J.-P., 2008. The boundaries of the West African craton, with special reference to the basement of the Moroccan metacratonic Anti-Atlas belt. In: Ennih, N. & Liégeois, J.-P. (eds), The boundaries of the West African craton. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 297: 1-17.
88. Feldman, H. R., 1994. Brachiopods of the Onondaga Formation, Moorehouse Member (Devonian, Eifelian), in the Genesee Valley, Western New York. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 107: 3-56.
89. Ficner, F. & Havlíček, V., 1978. Middle Devonian brachiopods from Celechovice, Moravia. Sbornik geologických véd (Journal of Geological Sciences), Paleontologie, 21: 49-106.
90. Flamand, G.-B.-M., 1911. Recherches géologiques et géographiques sur le haut-pays de l’Oranie et sur le Sahara (Algérie et Territoires du Sud). Lyon. A. Rey, 1001 pp.
91. Franchi, F., Schemm-Gregory, M. & Klug, C., 2012. A new species of Ivdelinia Andronov, 1961 from the Moroccan Givetian and its palaeoecotogical and palaeobiogeographical implications. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87: 1-11.
92. Franke, C., 2012. Marine Fauna der Wiltz-Schichten (Ober- Emsium,Unter-Devon) der Mulde von Wiltz und der Daleider Mulden-Gruppe (Luxemburg, Deutschland). Teil 3: Craniida. Ferrantia, 68: 133-147.
93. Frech, F., 1891. Ueber das Devon der Ostalpen, II. Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 43: 672-687.
94. García-Alcalde, J. L., 1995. L’évolution paléogéographique prévarisque de la Zone Cantabrique septentrionale (Espagne). Revista Española de Paleontología, 10: 9-29.
95. García-Alcalde, J. L., 2001. Paleobiogeographical retationthips between North Gondwana and South Baltica: The Ivanothyris havliceki fauna (Cantabrian Zone, latest Emsian). Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 46: 121-130.
96. García-Alcalde, J. L., 2010. Givetian Brachiopod faunas of the Palentian Domain (N Spain). Revista Española de Paleontología 25: 43-69.
97. Gevin, P., 1960. Études et reconnaissances géologiques sur l’axe cristallin Yetti-Eglab et ses bordures sédimentaires. Premiere partie : Bordures sédimentaires. Publications du Service de la Carte géologique de l’Algérie (nouvelle série), Bulletin, 23: 1-328.
98. Godefroid, J., 1970. Caractéristiques de quelques Atrypida du Dévonien belge. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 93: 87-126.
99. Godefroid, J., 1995. Les brachiopodes (Pentamerida, Atrypida et Spiriferida) de la fin de l’Eifelien et du début du Givétien a Pondröme (Belgique, bord sud du Synclinorium de Dinant). Bullelin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 65: 69-116.
100. Godefroid, J., 2000. Invertina struvei, a new atrypid brachiopod from the Givetian of Morocco. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 79: 267-273.
101. Godefroid, J. & Hauser, J., 2003. The Frasnian Pentamerida and Atrypida (Brachiopoda) from the Reichle quarry (Eifel, Germany). Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, 73: 53-68.
102. Godefroid, J. & Helsen, S., 1998. The last Frasnian Atrypida (Brachiopoda) in southtrn Belgium. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 43: 241-272.
103. Golonka, J., Krobicki, M., Pająk, J., Van Giang, N. & Zuchiewicz, W., 2006. Global Plate Tectontcs and Paleogeography of Southern Asia. AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, 128 pp.
104. Gourvennec, R., 1989. Brachiopodes Spiriferida du Dévonien inférieur du Massif Armoricain. Systématique, paléobiologie, évolution, biostratigraphie. Biostratigraphie du Paléozoique, 9: 1-281.
105. Gourvennec, R. & Hoęgór, I., 2012. New record of a Middle Devonian brachiopod fauna from the Northern Arabian Plate, Zap Anticline, ęukurca-Hakkari, Southeastern Turkey. Bulletin of Geosciences, 87: 347-358.
106. Gracianova, R. T., Šiškina, G. R. & Talent, J. A., 1990. Gomeomorfnye rody devonskih retikuläriid (Brahiopody). AN SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Trudy Instituta Geologii i Geofiziki, 770: 75-93. In Russian.
107. Grunt, T. & Weyer, D., 2002. On the name-bearing type of Athyris concentrica. Paleontological Journal, 36: 356-367.
108. Gürich, G., 1896. Das Palaeozoicum im polnischen Mittelgebirge. Verhandlungen der Russisch-Kaiserlichen mineralogischen Gesellschaft zu Sankt-Petersburg, (2), 32: 1-539.
109. Halamski, A. T., 2004a. Ana lyse faunistique des Brachiopodes mésodévoniens de la partie septentrionale des Monts Sainte- Croix (Pologne). Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Institute of Paleo- biology, Poli sh Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, and Université Claude-Bernard Lyon 1, Warszawa-Lyon, 354 pp.
110. Halamski, A. T., 2004b. Deliella, a new Devonian craniid brachiopod. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 2004: 181-192.
111. Halamski, A. T., 2005. Annotations to the Devonian Corretation Table, R220dm05: Potand; Holy Cross Mts; Łysogóry Ret gion. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 85: 185-187.
112. Halamski, A. T., 2008. Palaeobiogeographical signature of the Middle Devonian Łysogóry region brachiopod fauna. Fossils and Strata, 54: 87-98.
113. Halamski, A. T., 2009. Middle Devonian brachiopods from the northern Part of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland in relation to setected cotval faunas. Part I: Introduction, Lingulida, Craniida, Strophomenida, Productida, Protorthida, Orthida. Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 287: 41-98.
114. Halamski, A. T., 2012. Diversity of the Schizophoria lineage (Brachiopoda: Orthida) in the Lower and Middle Devonian of Poland and adjacent areas. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 86: 347-365.
115. Halamski, A. T. & Baliński, A., 2009. Latest Famennian brachiopods from Kowala, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 54: 289-306.
116. Halamski, A. T. & Racki, G., 2005. Devonian Correlation Table. Supplements 2005. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 85: 191-200.
117. Hall, J., 1857. Descriptions of Palaeozoic Fossils. In: Lansing, G. Y. (ed.), Tenth Annual Report of the Regents of the University of the State of New York, on the Condition of the State Cabinet of Natural History and the historical and antiquarian collection annexed thereto, 39-186
118. Hall, J., 1859. Conlribulions to the Palaeonlology of New York; belng some of the results of invesligalions made during the years 1855, ’56, ’57 and ’58. New York State Cabinet of Natural History Annual Report, 12: 7-110.
119. Hall, J. & Clarke, J. M., 1894. An Introduclion to the Study of the Brachiopoda, Intended as a Hand Book for the Use of Students. Part II. James B. Lyon, State printer, Albany, pp. 751-943.
120. Harper, C. W., Jr. & Boucot, A. J., 1978. The Stropheodontacea. Part I: Leptostrophiidae, Eostropheodontidae and Strophonellidae. Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 161: 55-118.
121. Harper, C. W., Jr., Johnson, J. G. & Boucot, A. J., 1967. The Pholidostrophiinae (Brachiopoda; Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 48: 403-461.
122. Harper, D. A. T., 2007. Uncertain. In: Selden, P. A. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. PartH, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 6: Supplement. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 2820-2821.
123. Havlíček, V., 1951. Paleontologická studie z čelehovického devonu (Brachiopoda, Pentameracea, Rhynchonellacea, Spiriferacea). Sborník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 18: 1-20.
124. Havlíček, V., 1956. Ramenonožci vápenců branických a hlubo- čepských z nejbližšího pražského okolí. Sborník Ústředniho ústavu geologického, 22: 535-665.
125. Havlíček, V., 1961. Rhynchonelloidea des böhmischen älteren Paläozoikums (Brachiopoda). Rozpravy Ústředního ústavu geologického, 27: 1-211.
126. Havlíček, V., 1967. Brachiopoda of the Suborder Strophomenidina in Czechoslovakia. Rozpravy Ústředniho ústavu geolo- gickégo, 33: 1-235.
127. Havlíček, V. & Kukal, Z., 1990. Sedimentology, benthic commu- nities, and brachiopods in the Suchomasty (Dalejan) and Acanthopyge (Eifelian) limestones of the Koněprusy area (Czechoslovakia). Sbornik geologických véd, Paleontologie, 31: 105-205.
128. Heckel, P. H., 1972. Possible inorganic origin for stromatactis in calcilutite mounds in the Tully Limestone, Devonian of New York. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 42: 7-18.
129. Hollard, H., 1962. Attribution au Givétien des calcaires cora- lligěnes du Maider (Maroc présaharien). Comptes-rendus sommaires de la Société géologique de France, 6: 175-176.
130. Hollard, H., 1963. Un tableau stratigraphique du Dévonien du Sud de l’Anti-Atlas. Notes du Service géologique du Maroc, 23 (172): 105-109.
131. Hollard, H., 1974. Recherches sur la stratigraphie des formations du Dévonien moyen, de l’Emsien supérieur au Frasnien, dans le Sud du Tafilalt et dans le Ma’der (Anti-Atlas orienlal). Notes du Service géologique du Maroc, 36 (264): 7-68.
132. Hollard, H., 1981. Tableaux de corrélations du Silurien et du Dévonien de l’Anti-Atlas. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 42: 23.
133. Hollard, H. (coord.), 1985. Carte géologique du Maroc feuille Nord. Echelle 1/1000000. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 260.
134. Hubert, B. L. M., Zapalski, M. K., Nicollin, J.-P., Mistiaen, B., 2007. Selected benthic faunas from the Devonian of the Ardennes: an estimalion of palaeobiodiversity. Acta Geologica Polonica, 57: 223-262.
135. Jacquet, F., 1936. Le flanc méridional du synclinal de Tindouf dans les confins de la Mauritanie septentrionale. Comptesrendus de l’Académie des Sciences, 203: 1171.
136. Johnson, J. G., 2006a. Cyrtospiriferoidea. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. PartH, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 5: Rhynchonelliformea. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1722-1732.
137. Johnson, J. G., 2006b. Cyrtinoidea. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 5: Rhynchonelliformea (part). The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1881-1883.
138. Joly, F., 1962. Études sur le relief du Sud-Est marocain. Travaux de l’Institut scientifique chérifien, Série Géologie et Géographie physique, 10: 1-563.
139. Joly, F., Ayache, A., Fardel, J. & Suech, L., 1949. Géographie du Maroc. Delagrave, Paris, 168 pp.
140. Kaufmann, B., 1995. Part IX: Middle Devonian mud mounds of the Ma’der Balin in the eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco. In: Reitner, J. & Neuweiler, F. (coord.), Mud Mounds: A Polygenetic Spectrum of Fine-grained Carbonate Buildups. Facies, 32: 49-57.
141. Kaufmann, B., 1998. Facies, stratigraphy and diagenesis of Middle Devonian reef- and mud-mounds in the Mader (eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Acta GeologicaPolonica, 48: 43-106.
142. Kayser, E., 1871. Die Brachiopoden des Mittel- und Ober-Devon der Eifel. Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 23: 491-647.
143. Kayser, E., 1883. Devonische Versteinerungen aus südwestlichen China. 75-105. In: Richthofen, F. von, China, Ergebnisse eigener Reisen und darauf gegründeter Studien, 4. D. Reimer, Berlin.
144. Keyes, S. W. & Pitrat, C. W., 1978. Spiriferid brachiopods from the Traverse Group of Michigan: Cyrtinacea. Journal of Paleontology, 52: 221-233.
145. Khodalevich, A. N. Hodalevič, A. N., 1951. Nižnedevonskie i ejfel’skie brahiopody Sverdlovskoj oblasti. Sverdlovskij Gor- nyj Institut, Trudy, 18: 1-169.
146. Komarov, V. N., 1987. Devonian Atrypids of Transcaucasus. Nauka, Moskva, 198 pp.
147. Königshof, P., Wehrmann, A., Schindler, E., Jansen, U. & Plodowski, G., 2003. Geologische Expedition in die westliche Sahara. NaturundMuseum, 133: 302-310.
148. Kozłowski, R., 1929. Les Brachiopodes gothlandiens de la Podolie polonaise. PalaeontologiaPolonica, 1: 1-254.
149. Krans, T. F., 1971. The relalion belween the genera Cyrtinopsis Scupin, 1896 and Kozlowskiellina Boucot, 1957. Leidse geologische Mededelingen, 47: 99-113.
150. Krause, F. F., 2004. Paleozoic mud-mound dalabase. ftp://rock. geosociety.org/pub/reposit/2004/2004031.pdf Accessed 7th Nov, 2013.
151. Krebs, W., 1967. Reef development in the Devonian of the eastern Rhenish Slate Mountains, Germany. In: Oswald, D. H. (ed.), International Symposium on the Devonian System; Calgary, 1967. Volume II. Alberta Society of Petroleum Geologists, Calgary, Alberta, pp. 295-306.
152. Le Maitre, D., 1939. Observations sur la faune de gisements dévoniens du Tafilalet (Maroc). Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 5eme série, 9: 201-206.
153. Le Maitre, D., 1952a. La faune du Dévonien inférieur et moyen de la Saoura et des abords de l’Erg el Djemel (Sud-Oranais). Matériaux pour la Carte géologique de l’Algérie, 1ere série, Paléontologie, 12 : 1-171.
154. Le Maitre, D., 1952b. Contribution a l’étude des faunes paléozoiques de l’Adrar mauritanien (Sahara occidental). Bulletin de la Direction des mines de l’Afrique Occidentale Franęaise, 15: 297-352.
155. Lécorché, J. P., Bronner, G., Dallmeyer, R. D., Rocci, G., Roussel, J., 1991. The Mauritanide Orogen and Its Northern Extern sions (Western Sahara and Zemmour), West Africa. In: Dallmeyer, R. D. & Lécorché, J. P. (eds), The West African Orogens and Circum-Atlantic Correlatives. Springer-Verlag, pp. 187-227. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Barcelona, and Budapest.
156. Lee, D. E., Dagys, A. S., Smirnova, T. N., Sun Dong-li & Jin Yiu-gan, 2006. Terebratulidina. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 5: Rhynchonelliformea. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1994-2028.
157. Linnaeus, C., 1758. Systema Natura, per regna tria Natura, se- cundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. (Editio decima, reformata.) 824 pp. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmis.
158. Maillieux, E., 1914. Observations sur Cyrtina undosa Schnur sp. et description d’une variété nouvelle. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, de Paléontologie et d’Hydrologie, 28, Proces verbaux: 2-6.
159. Maillieux, E., 1938. Le Couvinien de l’Ardenne et ses faunes. Mémoires du Musée royal d’Histoire naturelle de Belgique, 83: 1-57.
160. Mamedov, A. V., 1961. Novye devonskie vidy brahiopod iz Nahi- čevanskoj ASSR. Paleontologičeskij Žurnal, 1961 (3): 5156. In Russian.
161. Mamedov, A. V., 1974. Pervaä nahodka tipogo vida roda Gruene- waldtia v SSSR. Paleontologičeskij Žurnal, 1974 (1): 140143. In Russian.
162. Matte, P., 2001. The Variscan collage and orogeny (480-290 Ma) and the tectonic definition of the Armorica microplate: a review. Terra Nova, 13: 122-128.
163. Maurer, F., 1885. Die Fauna der Kalke von Waldgirmes bei Giessen. Abhandlungen der grossherzoglich hessischen geologischen Landesanstalt zu Darmstadt, 1: 63-340.
164. May, A., 2003. Die Fossilführung des Mitteldevons im Raum Attendorn-Olpe (West-Sauerland; Rechtsrheinisches Schiefergebirge). Geologie und Paläontologie in Westfalen, 60: 47-79.
165. May, A., 2008. Corals (Anthozoa, Tabulata and Rugosa) and chaetetids (Porifera) from the Devonian of the Semara area (Motocco) at the Museo Geominero (Madrid, Spain), and their biogeographic significance. Bulletin del’Institutscienti- fique, Rabat, Section Sciences de la Terre, 30: 1-12.
166. McKerrow, W. S., Mac Niocaill, C., Ahlberg, P. E., Clayton, G., Cleal, C. J. & Eagar, R. M. C., 2000. The Late Palaeozoic re- lations between Gondwana and Laurussia. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 179: 9-20.
167. McLaren, D. J., 1962. Middle and early Upper Devonian rhyn- chonelloid brachiopods from western Canada. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin, 86: 1-122.
168. Menchikoff, N., 1935. Le Dévonien des confins du Rio-de-Oro. Comptes-rendus sommaires de la Société géologique de France, 1935: 38-39.
169. Menchikoff, N. & Monod, T., 1936. Coupe géologique du Hank a Taoudeni. Comptes-rendus de l’Académie des Sciences, 203: 230-232.
170. Mergl, M. & Massa, D., 1992. Devonian and Lower Carboniferous brachiopods and bivalves from central Libya. Biostratigraphie du Paléozoí'que, 12: 1-115.
171. Mergl, M. & Massa, D., 2004. Devonian brachiopods of the Tamesna Basin (Central Sahara; Algeria and North Niger). Part Acta Musei Nationalis Pragae, Series B, Historia Naturalis, 60: 61-112.
172. Michard, A., 1976. Eléments de géologie marocaine. Royaume du Maroc, Notes et mémoires du Service géologique, 252: 1408.
173. Minato, M. & Kato, M., 1977. A reticulate spiriferid from the Devonian Nakazato Formation of the Kitakami Mountains, Japan. Journal of the Faculty of Sciences, Hokkaido University, series IV, 17: 619-627.
174. Mohanti, M., 1972. The Portilla Formation (Middle Devonian) of the Alba Syncline, Cantabrian Mountains, Prov. Leon, north- western Spain: carbonate facies and rhynchonellid palaeontology. Leidse GeologischeMededelingen, 48: 135-205.
175. Mottequin, B., 2008a. Late Middle to Late Frasnian Atrypida, Pentamerida, and Terebratulida (Brachiopoda) from the Namur-Dinant Basin (Belgium). Geobios, 41: 493-513.
176. Mottequin, B., 2008b. New observations on Upper Devonian brachiopods from the Namur-Dinant Basin (Belgium). Geodiversitas, 30: 455-537.
177. Murphy, J. B., van Staal, C. R. & Collins, W. J., 2011. A comparison of the evotution of arc complexes in Pateozoic interior and peripheral orogens: Speculations on geodynamic correlations. Gondwana Research, 19: 812-827.
178. Nalivkin, D., 1930. Brachiopods from the Upper and Middle Devonian of the Turkestan. Mémoires du Comité géologique, Nouvelle Série, 180: 1-221.
179. Oczlon, M. S., 1990. Ocean cunents and uncontormities: The North Gondwana Middle Devonian. Geology, 18: 509-512.
180. (Ehlert, D. P., 1887. Étude sur quelques fossiles dévoniens de l’Ouest de la France. Annales des Sciences géologiques, 19: 1-80.
181. Pedder, A. E. H., 1999. Paleogeographic implications of a Devonian (Givetian, Lower Varcus Subzone) rugose coral fauna from the Ma’der Basin (Morocco). Abhandlungen der geologischen Bundesanstalt, 54: 385-434.
182. Philip, G. M., 1962. The palaeontology and stratigraphy of Siluro- Devonian sediments of the Tyres area, Gippstand, Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria, 75: 123-246.
183. Phillips, J., 1836. Illustrations of the Geology of Yorkshire; or a Description of the Strata and organic Remains: accompanied by a geological map, sections, and diagrams, and figures of the fossils. Part II. The Mountain Limestone District. 253 pp., pls I – XXIV. John Murray, London.
184. Phillips, J., 1841. Figures and Descriptions of the Palaozoic Fossils of Cornwall, Devon and West Somerset; Observed in the Course of the Ordnance Geological Survey of That District., Longman, Brown, Green & Longmans, London, 231 pp.
185. Piqué, A., 1994. Géologie du Maroc. Les domaines régionaux et leur évolution structurale. Pumag, Rabat, 284 pp.
186. Piqué, A. & Michard, A., 1989. Moroccan Hercynides: a synopsis. The Palaeozoic sedimentary and tectonic evotution at the northern margin of West Aftica. American Journal of Science, 289: 286-330.
187. Piqué, A., Bossiere, G., Bouillin, J.-P., Chalouan, A. & Hoepffner, Ch., 1993. Southern margin of the Variscan belt: the north- western Gondwana mobile zone (eastern Morocco and Northern Algeria). GeologischeRundschau, 82: 432-439.
188. Plusquellec Y., Boumendjel K., Morzadec P. & Paris F., 1997. Les faunes dévoniennes d’Ougarta dans la paléogéographie des régions Maghrébo-Européennes. Annales de la Société géologique du Nord, 2eme série, 5: 123-128.
189. Racheboeuf, P. R., 1991. Süurian to Middle Devonian chone- tacean brachiopods from the northwestern Gondwanaland margin: A review in space and time. In: MacKinnon, D. I., Lee, D. E. & Campbell, J. D. (eds.), Brachiopods through time. Proceedings of the 2nd International Brachiopod Congress, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand, 5-9 February 1990. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam-Brookefield, pp. 319-325
190. Racheboeuf, P. R., Girard, C., Lethiers, F., Derycke, C., Herrera, Z. A. & Trompette, R., 2001. Evidence for Givetian stage in the Mauritanian Adrar (West Africa): biostratigraphical data and palaeogeographic implications. Newsletters on Stratigraphy, 38: 141-162.
191. Racheboeuf, P. R., Gourvennec, R., Deynoux, M. & Brice, D., 2004. The Devonian of the Hodh area (Islamic Republic of Mauritania): paleontology and stratigraphy. Journal of Paleontology, 78: 98-110.
192. Racki, G. & Baliński, A., 1981. Environmental interpretation of the atrypid shell beds from the Middle to Upper Devonian boundary of the Holy Cross Mts and Cracow Upland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 31: 177-211.
193. Racki, G. & Baliński, A., 1998. Late Frasnian Atrypida (Brachiopoda) from Poland and the Frasnian-Famennian biotic crisis. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 43: 273-304.
194. Rigaux, E., 1908. Le Dévonien de Ferques et ses Brachiopodes. Boulogne-sur-Mer, Chez Mlle Deligny, 33 pp.
195. Roemer, C. F., 1844. Das Rheinische Uebergangsgebirge. Einepa- laeontologisch-geognostische Darstellung. Mit sechs lithographirten Tafeln. Hahn’sche Buchhandlung, Hannover, 96 pp.
196. Roemer, F., 1856. Palaeo-Lethaea: II. Theil: Kohlen-Periode (Silur-, Devon-, Kohlen-und Zechstein-Formation). In: Bronn, H. G. & Roemer, F., Lethaea geognostica oder Abbildung und Beschreibung der für die Gebirgs-Formationen bezeichnendsten Versteinerungen. Dritte, Stark vermehrte Auflage. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 788 pp.
197. Rzhonsnitskaya, M. A., 1975. Biostratigrafiä devona okrain Kuzneckogo bassejna. Tom 2: Opisanie brahiopod; Cast’ 1: Pentamerida i Atrypida. Geologičeskij Institut, Trudy, 244: 3231.
198. Rzhonsnitskaya, M. A., Markovskii, B. P., Yudina, Y. A. & Sokiran E. V., 1998. Late Frasnian Atrypida (Brachiopoda) from the south Urals, South Timan and Kuznetsk Basin (Russia). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 43: 305-344.
199. Sandberger, G. & Sandberger, F., 1850-1856. Die Versteinerungen des rheinischen Schichtensystems in Nassau, mit einer kurzgefassten Geognosie dieses Gebietes und mit steter Berücksichtigung analoger Schichten anderer Länder. Kreidel & Niedner, Verlagshandlung. Wiesbaden, 564 pp., Atlas: Taf. I-XLI.
200. Sartenaer, P., 1968. Eurycolporhynchus, nouveau genre de Brachiopode Rhynchonellide du Givétien supérieur. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 49: 565-574.
201. Savage, N., Manceñido, M. O. & Owen, E. F., 2002. Rhyn- chonellida. In: Kaesler, R. L. (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H, Brachiopoda, Revised, Volume 4: Rhynchonelliformea. The Geological Society of America, Inc. and The University of Kansas. Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas, pp. 1027-1376.
202. Schemm-Gregory, M., 2009. On the genus Quiringites Struve, 1992 (Brachiopoda, Middle Devonian). Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History, 50: 3-20.
203. Schemm-Gregory, M. & Jansen, U., 2005. Middle and Upper De- vonian Brachiopods from the Western Sahara (Morocco). 27. In: Harper, D. A. T., Long, S. L. & McCorry, M. (eds), Fifth International Brachiopod Congress: Copenhagen 2005. Abstracts. Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland, 54 pp.
204. Schemm-Gregory, M. & Jansen, U., 2008. First report of the stringocephalid genus Paracrothyris (Brachiopoda, Middle Devonian) from North Africa. Bulletin of Geosciences, 83: 169-173.
205. Schlotheim, E. F. von, 1820. Die Petrefactenkunde auf ihrem jetzigen Standpunkte durch die Beschreibung seiner Sammlung versteinerter und fossiler Überreste des Thier- und Pflanzenreichs der Vorwelt erläutert. Becker’sche Buchhandlung, Gotha, LXII + 437 pp.
206. Schmid, D. U., Leinfelder, R. U. & Nose, M., 2001. Growth dynamics and ecology of Upper Jurassic mounds, with comparisons to Mid-Palaeozoic mounds. Sedimentary Geology, 145: 343-376.
207. Schmidt, H., 1941a. Die mitteldevonischen Rhynchonelliden der Eifel. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 459: 1-79.
208. Schmidt, H., 1941b. Rhynchonellidae aus rechtsrheinischem Devon. Senckenbergiana, 23: 277-290.
209. Schmidt, H., 1951. Zur Brachiopodenfauna des mitteldevonischen Flinzkalks von Iserlohn-Letmathe. Senckenbergiana, 32: 8794.
210. Schmidt, H., 1975. Septalariinae (Brachiopoda, Rhynchonellida) im Devon westlich und östlich des Rheins. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 56: 85-121.
211. Schnur, J., 1851. Die Brachiopoden aus dem Uebergangsgebirge der Eifel. In: Viehoff, H. (ed.), Programm der vereinigten höhern Bürger- und Provinzial-Gewerberschule zu Trier für das Schuljahr 1850-1851 womit zu den am 29. und 30. August stattfindenden öffentlichen Prüfungen und der Schlußfeier ergebenst einladet. Trier: Fr. Lintz, pp. 1-16.
212. Schnur, J., 1853-1854 pp. 169-216 published 1853, pp. 217-248 and plates published 1854. Zusamenstellung und Beschreibung sämmtlicher im Uebergangsgebirge der Eifel vorkommenden Brachiopoden, nebst Abbildungen derselben. Palaeontographica, 3: 169-253.
213. Scotese, C. R. & McKerrow, W. S., 1990. Revised world maps and inlroduction, In: McKerrow, W. S. & Scotese, C. R. (eds), Palaeozoic palaeogeography and biogeography: London, Geological Society Memoir, 12: 1-21.
214. Siehl, A., 1962. Der Greifensteiner Kalk (Eiflium, Rheinisches Schiefergebirge) und seine Brachiopodenfauna. I. Geologie; Atrypacea und Rostrospiracea. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A, 119: 173-221.
215. Siemiradzki, J., 1909. Sur la faune dévonienne des environs de Kielce d’apres les collections originales de feu le professeur L. Zejszner. Bulletin international de l’Académie des Sciences de Cracovie, Classe des Sciences mathématiques et naturelles, 1909 (5): 765-770.
216. Sobolew, D., 1904. Devonskiâ otloẑeniâ profilá Gržegorževice- Skaly-Vlohi. Izvéstía Varšavskago Politexniěeskago Instituta, 1904: 1-107. Varšava. In Russian.
217. Sobolew, D., 1909. Devon Kělecko-Sandomirskago kraža. Materialy po geologii Rossii, 24: 43-536. In Russian.
218. Sougy, J., 1964. Les formations paléozoiques du Zemmour noir (Mauritanie septentrionale). Etude stratigraphique, pétrographique etpaléontologique. Dakar, 695 pp.
219. Soulaimani, A. & Burkhardt, M., 2008. The Anti-Atlas chain (Morocco): the southern margin of the Variscan belt along the edge of the West African craton. In: Ennih, N. & Liégeois, J.-P. (eds), The Boundaries of the West African Craton. Geological Society, London, SpecialPublications, 297: 433-452.
220. Sowerby, J. de Carle, 1839. Organic remains. In: Murchison, R. I. (ed.), The Silurian System. John Murray, London, pp. 579712, 26 pls.
221. Sowerby, J. de Carle, 1840. Explanation of the plates and wood cuts. Organic remains engraved and described. In: Sedgwick, A. & Murchison, R. I., On the Physical Structure of Devonshire, and on the Subdivisions and Geological Relations of its Older Stratified Deposits &c. London, pp. unnumbered, pls LII-LVII.
222. Stainbrook, M. A., 1945. Brachiopoda of the Independence Shale of Iowa. Geological Society of America, Memoirs, 14: 1-74.
223. Stampfli, G. M., Hochard, C., Vérard, C., Wilhem, C. & von Raumer, J., 2013. The formation of Pangea. Tectonophysics, 593: 1-19.
224. Steininger, J., 1853. Geognostische Beschreibung der Eifel. Fr. Lintz’sche Buchandlung, Trier, 144 pp., pls I-IX.
225. Stigall Rode, A. L. & Lieberman, B. S., 2005. Paleobiogeographic patterns in the Middle and Later Devonian emphasizing Laurentia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 222: 272-284.
226. Struve, W., 1955. Grünewaldtia aus dem Schönecker Richtschnitt (Brachiopoda, Mittel-Devon der Eifel). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 36: 205-234.
227. Struve, W., 1961. Zur Stratigraphie der südlichen Eifler Kalkmulden (Devon: Emsium, Eifelium, Givetium). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 42: 291-345.
228. Struve, W., 1964. Über einige homöomorphe Brachiopoden-Arten (Meristellidae). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 45: 507-521.
229. Struve, W., 1965a. Schizophoria striatula und Schizophoria excisa in ihrer ursprünglichen Bedeutung. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 46: 193-215.
230. Struve, W., 1965b. Zur Morphologie, Biochronologie und Phylogenie der mitteleuropäisch-nordafrikanischen Cyrtinopsis- Arten (Spiriferacea). Fortschritte in der Geologie von Rheinland und Westfalen, 9: 7-50.
231. Struve, W., 1966. Einige Atrypinae aus dem Silurium und Devon. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 47: 123-163.
232. Struve, W., 1970. “Curvate Spiriferen” der Gattung Rhenothyris und einige andere Reticulariidae aus dem Rheinischen Devon. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 51: 449-577.
233. Struve, W., 1981a. Das untergivetische Leit-Fossil Undispirifer givefex (Spiriferida/Reticulariidae). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 61: 437-443.
234. Struve, W., 1981b. Über einige Arten von Subtransmena und Devonaria (Strophomenida). Senckenbergiana lethaea, 62: 227-249.
235. Struve, W., 1990. Paläozoologie III (1986-1990). Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, 127: 251-279.
236. Struve, W., 1992. Neues zur Stratigraphie und Fauna des rhenotypen Mittel-Devon. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 71: 503-624.
237. Struve, W., 1995. Die Riesen-Phacopiden aus dem Maider, SE- marokkanische Prä-Sahara. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 75: 77-129.
238. Tait, J., Schätz, M., Bachtadse, V. & Soffel, H., 2000. Palaeomagnetism and Palaeozoic palaeogeography of Gondwana and European terranes. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 179: 21-34.
239. Termier, G. & Termier, H., 1950. Paléontologie marocaine. II: Invertébrés de l’ere primaire. Fascicule II: Bryozoaires et Brachiopodes. Notes et Mémoires du Service géologique du Maroc, 77: 1-253.
240. Tessitore, L., Schemm-Gregory, M., Korn, D., Wild, F. R. W. P., Naglik, C. & Klug, C., 2013. Taphonomy and palaeoecology of the green Devonian gypidulid brachiopods from the Afer- dou El Mrakib, eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Swiss Journal of Palaeontology, 132: 23-44.
241. Thormann, F. & Weddige, K., 2001. Addendum zu Struve, W. (1992), Neues zur Stratigraphie und Fauna des rhenotypen Mittel-Devon: Abbildungen der Holotypen. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 81: 307-327.
242. Torley, K., 1934. Die Brachiopoden des Massenkalkes der oberen Givet-Stufe von Bilveringsen bei Iserlohn. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 43: 67148.
243. Torsvik, T. H. & Cocks, L. R. M., 2011. The Palaeozoic palaeogeography of central Gondwana. In: Van Hinsbergen, D. J. J., Butter, S. J. H., Torsvik, T. H., Gaina, C. & Webb, S. J. (eds), The formation and evolution of Africa: a synopsis of 3.8 Ga of Earth history. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 357: 137-166.
244. Vandercammen, A., 1963. Spiriferidae du Dévonien de la Belgique. Mémoires de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, 150: 1-179.
245. Vandercammen, A., 1967. Révision de quelques Spiriferida conserves a l’Université de Bonn. Bulletin de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, 43 (14): 1-10.
246. Vanuxem, L., 1842. Geology of New York. Part 3, comprising the survey of the third geological district. Natural History of New York, 4 (3). D. Appleton & Co., New York, 306 pp.
247. Walliser, O. H., Bultynck, P., Weddige, K., Becker, R. T. & House, M.R., 1995. Definition of the Eifelian-Givetian stage boundary. Episodes, 18: 107-115.
248. Walmsley, V. G. & Boucot, A. J., 1975. The phylogeny, taxonomy and biogeography of Silurian and Early to Mid Devonian Isorthinae (Brachiopoda). Palaeontographica, Abt. A, 148: 34-108.
249. Wang Yu., 1956. Some new brachiopods from the Yukiang Formation of southern Kwangsi Province in Chinese. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 4: 137-162. Also published in English in 1957: Scientia Sinica, 5: 373-388.
250. Wang, Yu & Rong, Jiayu, 1986. Yukiangian (early Emsian, Devonian) brachiopods of the Nanning-Liujing district, central Guangxi, southern China. Palaeontologia Sinica, new series, B, 22 172: 1-282.
251. Webster, C.L., 1921. Notes on the genus Atrypa, with description of new species. American Midland Naturalist, 7: 13-20.
252. Weddige, K. & Ziegler, W., 2000. Das bibliographische Lebenswerk von Dr. Wolfgang Struve. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 79: 603-636.
253. Wendt, J., 1985. Disintegration of the continental margin of north- western Gondwana: Late Devonian of the eastern Anti-Atlas (Morocco). Geology, 13: 815-818.
254. Wendt, J., 1988. Facies pattern and paleogeography of the Middle and Late Devonian in the eastern Anti-Atlas (Morocco). In: McMillan, N. J., Embry, A. F. & Glass, D. J. (eds), Devonian of the World, vol. 1. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir, 14: 467-480.
255. Wendt, J., 1993. Steep-sided carbonate mud mounds in the Middle Devonian of the eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Geological Magazine, 130: 69-83.
256. Wendt, J. & Kaufmann, B., 2006. Middle Devonian (Givetian) coral-stromatoporoid reefs in West Sahara (Morocco). Journal of African Earth Sciences, 44: 339-350.
257. Wendt, J., Belka, Z., Kaufmann, B., Kostrewa, R. & Hayer, J., 1997. The world’s most speclacular carbonate mud mounds (Middle Devonian, Algerian Sahara). Journal of Sedimenatry Research, 67: 424-436.
258. Zapalski, M. K., 2005. Palaeoecology of Auloporida: an example from the Devonian of the Holy Cross Mts., Poland. Geobios, 38: 677-683.
259. Ziegler, P. A., 1990. Geological Atlas of Western and Central Europe. Second and completely revised edition. Shell Internationale Petroleum Maatschappij B.V., 241 pp.
DOI :
Cytuj : Halamski, A. T. ,Baliński, A. , Middle Devonian brachiopods from the southern Maїder (eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 4/2013

Sphenothallus Hall, 1847 from Cambrian of Skryje–Týřovice Basin (Barrandian area, Czech Republic)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Sphenothallus Hall, 1847 from Cambrian of Skryje–Týřovice Basin (Barrandian area, Czech Republic)

Autorzy :
Halamski, A. T.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, ath@twarda.pan.pl,
Baliński, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, balinski@twarda.pan.pl,
Fatka, O.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, fatka@natur.cuni.cz,
Kraft, P.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, kraft@natur.cuni.cz,
Abstrakty : Two conical tubules from shales of the Skryje Member (Buchava Formation) at the Skryje–Luh and Týřovice–“Pod hruškou” localities, two of the key outcrops of this stratigraphic unit in the Skryje–Týřovice Basin (Barrandian area, Czech Republic), are described. One specimen consists of a small, compressed tubule with a very low expansion angle and wide and flat thickenings. The second, larger specimen exhibits indications of very narrow thickenings of a more abruptly expanding shell. Both specimens are assigned to the genus Sphenothallus Hall, but the latter only provisionally. Sphenothallus shows a worldwide distribution with numerous species, ranging from Cambrian to Permian in age. However, reported occurrences in the Cambrian are relatively sparse, in the form of rare specimens from the lower to middle Cambrian strata of Laurentia, Eastern Gondwana and European peri-Gondwana. According to accepted palaeogeographical reconstructions, Cambrian Sphenothallus occurred in low as well as in higher palaeolatitudes.

Słowa kluczowe : Sphenothallus, middle Cambrian, Buchava Formation, Barrandian area Czech Republic,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 4
Strony : 309 – 315
Bibliografia : 1. Álvaro, J. J., Vizcaíno, D., Kordule, V., Fatka, O. & Pillola, G. L., Some solenopleurine trilobites from the Languedocian (Late Mid Cambrian) of Western Europe. Geobios, 37: 135-147.
2. Barrande, J., 1852. Systeme Silurien du centre de la Boheme. Vol. I. Published by author, Prague, 935 pp.
3. Barrande, J., 1867. Systéme Silurien du centre de la Bohéme. Vol. 3. Published by author, Prague, 179 pp.
4. Brabcová, Z. & Kraft, P., 2003. Study of conulariid and related phosphatic conical exoskeletons from the Prague Basin (Czech Republic). In: Albanesi, G. L., Beresi, M. S. & Peralta, S. H. (eds), Ordovician from the Andes. INSUGEO, Series Correlación Geológica, 17: 263-266.
5. Chlupáč, I., 1999. Barrande's stratigraphic concepts, palaeontological localities and tradition – comparison with the present state. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 44: 3-30.
6. Chlupáč, I., Fatka, O., Prokop, R. J. & Turek, V., 1998. Research of the classical paleontological locallty “Luh” in the Cambrian of Skryje. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 43: 169-173. In Czech with English abstract.
7. Chlupáč, I. & Kordule, V., 2002. Arthropods of Burgess Shale type from the ‘middle’ Cambrian of Bohemia (Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 77: 167-182.
8. Choi, D. K., 1990. Sphenothallus (“ Vermes”) from the Tremadocian Dumugol Formation, Korea. Journal of Paleontology, 64: 403-408.
9. Cocks, L. R. M. & Torsvik, T., 2002. Earth geography from 500 to 400 million years ago: a faunal and palaeomagnetic review. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 159: 631-644.
10. Fatka, O., 1990. Das Kambrium von Skryje und Týřovice. In: Weidert, K. H. (ed.), Klassische Fundstellen der Paläontologie, Band 2: 12-17.
11. Fatka, O., 1999. Organic walled microfossils of the Barrandian area: a review. Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 44: 31-42.
12. Fatka, O., 2004. Association of fossils and hislory of research at the Týřovice-“Pod hruškou“ locality (Middle Cambrian, Skryje-Týřovice Basin, Barrandian area). Journal of the Czech Geological Society, 49: 107-117.
13. Fatka, O., Kraft, P. & Szabad, M., 2012. A first report of Sphenothallus Hall, 1847 in Cambrian of Europe. Comptes Rendus Palevol, 11: 539-547.
14. Fatka, O. & Mergl, M., 2009. The “microcontinent” Perunica: status and story 15 years after conceplion. In: Bassett, M. G. (ed.), Early Palaeozoic peri-Gondwanan Terranes: New In- sights from Tectonics and Biogeography. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 325: 65-102.
15. Fatka, O., Micka, V., Szabad, M., Vokáč, V. & Vorel, T., 2011. Nomenclature of Cambrian lithostratigraphy of the Skryje- Týřovice Basin. Bulletin of Geosciences, 85: 841-858.
16. Fatka, O. & Szabad, M., 2011. Burrowlng trilobite caught in the act. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 85: 465-470.
17. Fatka, O. & Szabad, M. (in press). Famlly Dibrachicystidae from the “middle” Cambrian of the Barrandian area (Rhombifera, Echinodermata, Czech Republic). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 88: 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12542-013- 0193-1
18. Fauchald, K., Stürmer, W. & Yochelson, E. L., 1986. Sphenothallus “Vermes” in the Early Devonian Hunsrück Slate, West Germany. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 60: 57-64.
19. Geyer, G., Elicki, O., Fatka, O. & Żylińska, A., 2008. Cambrian. In: McCann, T. (ed.), Geology of Central Europe. Geological Society of London: 155-202.
20. Hall, J., 1847. Paleontology of New York. Volume I. Containin Descriptions of the Organic Remains of the Lower Division of the New-York System (Equivalent to the Lower Silurian Rocks of Europe). C. Van Benthuysen, Albany, 338 pp.
21. Havlíček, V., 1971. Stratigraphy of the Cambrian of Central Bohemia. Sborník Geologických Véd Geologie, 20: 7-52.
22. Hatschek, B., 1888. Lehrbuch der Zoologie. Eine morphologische Übersicht der Thierrreiches zur Einführung in das Stadium dieser Wissenschaft. Erste Lieferung. Fischer. Jena, 303 pp.
23. Jahn, J. J., 1896. Ueber die geologischen Verhältnisse des Cambrium von Tejřovic und Skrej in Böhmen. Jahrbuch der Keiserlich-königlichen geologischen Reichanstalt, 45: 641-790.
24. Kukal, Z., 1971. Sedimentology of Cambrian deposits of the Barrandian area. Sborník Geologických Véd, Geologie, 20: 53100.
25. Lefebvre, B. & Fatka, O., 2003. Palaeogeographical and palaeoecological aspects of the Cambrian-Ordovician radiation of echinoderms in Gondwanan Africa and peri-Gondwanan Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 195: 73-97.
26. Li, G. X., Zhu, M. Y., Van Iten, H. & Li, C. W., 2004. Occurrence of the earliest known Sphenothallus Hall in Lower Cambrian of southern Shaanxi Province, China. Geobios, 37: 229-237.
27. Maletz, J., Steiner, M. & Fatka, O., 2005. ‘Middle’ Cambrian pterobranchs and the Question: What is a graptolite. Lethaia, 38: 73-85.
28. Marek, L., 1963. New knowledge on the morphology of hyolithes. Sborník geologických Véd, Paleontologie, 1: 53-73.
29. Marek, L., 1983. Hyoliti českého středního kambria (Hyoliths of the Bohemian Middle Cambrian). Unpublished manuscript, Ústav geologie a geotechniky Československé akademie věd. In Czech.
30. Mašek, J., Straka, J., Hrazdíra, P., Pálenský, P., Štěpánek, P. & Hůla, P., 1997. Geological and Nature Conservation Map, 1:50 000. Protected Landscape Area and Biosphere Reserve Křivoklátsko. Czech Geological Survey, Prague.
31. Mergl, M. & Šlehoferová, P., 1991. Middle Cambrian inarticulate brachiopods from Central Bohemia. Sborník Geologických Véd Paleontologie, 31: 67-104.
32. Mikuláš, R., 2000. Trace fossils from the Middle Cambrian of the Barrandian area (Central Bohemia, Czech Republic). Czech Geological Survey Special Papers, 12: 1-29.
33. Mikuláš, R., Fatka, O. & Szabad, M., 2012. Paleoecologic implications of ichnofossils associated with slightly skeletonized body fossils, middle Cambrian of the Barrandian area, Czech Republic. Ichnos, 19: 199-210.
34. Nakagavi, M. M., 2009. Morphologic range of the problematic group Spenothallus from the Shuijingtuo Formation (Early Cambrian) in southeast China. North American Paleontological Convention, Abstracts. McNaughton & Gunn, Inc., Cincinnati, pp. 438-439.
35. Neal, M. L. & Hannibal, J. T., 2000. Paleoecologic and taxonomic implications of Sphenothallus and Sphenothallus-like specimens from Ohio and areas adjacent to Ohio. Journal of Paleontology, 74: 369-380.
36. Peng, R., Babcock, L. E., Zhao, Y. L., Wang, P. G. & Yang, R. J., Cambrian Sphenothallus from Guizhou Province, China: early sessile predalors. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 220: 119-127.
37. Prantl, F., 1948. Výskyt rodu Volborthella Schmidt v Čechách (Nautiloidea). Sborník národního Musea, řada 4B, 5: 3-13. In Czech.
38. Sklenář, K., 1966. K historii objevu fauny ve skryjsko-týřovickém kambriu. (To history of discovery of the fauna in the Skryje- Týřovice Cambrian). Časopis Národního Muzea, Oddílpřírodovédný, 135: 70-73. In Czech.
39. Skovsted, C. B. & Holmer, L. E., 2006. The Lower Cambrian brachiopod Kyrshabaktella and associated shelly fossils from the Harkless Formation, southern Nevada. GFF, 128: 327337.
40. Šnajdr, M., 1958. Trilobiti českého středního kambria (Bohemian Middle Cambrian trilobites). Rozpravy Ústředního Ústavu Geologického, 24: 1-280. In Czech, English summary.
41. Torsvik, T. H. & Cocks, L. R. M., 2013. Gondwana from top to base in space and time. Gondwana Research, 24: 999-1030.
42. Valent, M., 2006. Stratigraphic distribution of the class Hyolitha (Mollusca) in the Barrandian area (Czech Republic). Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geologica, 47: 183-188.
43. Valent, M. & Fatka, O., 2013. Gracilitheca astronauta n. sp. and Nephrotheca sophia n. sp. (Hyolitha, Orthothecida) from the Cambrian of Czech Republic. Annales de Paleontologie, 99: 207-216.
44. Valent, M., Fatka, O. & Marek, L., 2013. Gracilitheca and Nephrotheca in Cambrian of the Barrandian area (Hyolitha, Orthothecida, Czech Republic). Alcheringa, 35: 115-124.
45. Valent, M., Fatka, O., Szabad, M., Micka, V. & Marek, L., 2012. Two new orthothecids from Cambrian of the Barrandia area (Hyolitha, Skryje-Týřovice Basin, Czech Republic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 86: 241-248.
46. Valent, M., Fatka, O., Szabad, M. & Vokáč, V. 2011. Carinolithidae fam. nov., Carinolithes bohemicus sp. nov. and Slehoferites slehoferigen. et sp. nov. – new hyolithid taxa from the Bohemian Middle Cambrian (Skryje-Týřovice Basin, Czech Republic). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, 91: 101-109.
47. Van Iten, H., Cox, R. S. & Mapes, R. H., 1992. New data on the morphology of Sphenothallus Hall: implication for its affinities. Lethaia, 25: 135-144.
48. Van Iten, H., Muir, L. A., Botting, J. P., Zhang, Y. D. & Lin, J. P., 2013. Conulariids and Sphenothallus (Cnidaria, Medusozoa) from the Tonggao Formation (Lower Ordovilian, China). Bulletin of Geosciences, 88: 713-722.
49. Van Iten, H., Zhu, M. Y. & Collins, D., 2002. First report of Sphenothallus Hall, 1847 in the Middle Cambrian. Journal of Paleontology, 76: 902-905.
50. Wang, Y., Hao, S. G., Chen, X., Rong, J. Y., Li, G. X., Liu, J. B. & Xu, H. H., 2003. Sphenothallus from the Lower Silurian of Guizhou Province, China. Journal of Paleontology, 77: 583588.
51. Zhao, Y. L., Yuan, J. L., Zhu, M. Y., Guo, Q. J., Zhuo, Z., Yang, R. D. & Van Iten, H., 1999. The Early Cambrian Taijiang biota of Taijiang, Guizhou, PRC. Acta Palaeontologica Sinica, 38 (supplement): 108-115.
52. Zhu, M. Y., Van Iten, H., Cox, R. S., Zhao, Y. L. & Erdtmann, B. D., 2000. Occurrence of Byronia Mathew and Sphenothallus Hall in the Lower Cambrian of China. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 74: 227-238.
DOI :
Cytuj : Halamski, A. T. ,Baliński, A. ,Fatka, O. ,Kraft, P. , Sphenothallus Hall, 1847 from Cambrian of Skryje–Týřovice Basin (Barrandian area, Czech Republic). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 4/2013
[Top]

Compaction-related style of Rusophycus preservation from Furongian (Upper Cambrian) of Holy Cross Mountains (Poland)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Compaction-related style of Rusophycus preservation from Furongian (Upper Cambrian) of Holy Cross Mountains (Poland)

Autorzy :
Halamski, A. T.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, ath@twarda.pan.pl,
Baliński, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, balinski@twarda.pan.pl,
Fatka, O.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, fatka@natur.cuni.cz,
Kraft, P.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, kraft@natur.cuni.cz,
Sadlok, G.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL- 00-818 Warszawa, Poland; address for correspondence: 77 Leadside Road, Aberdeen AB251RX, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, gregsadlok@gmail.com,
Abstrakty : In general, the trace fossil Rusophycus, preserved as a concave-upward structure on the top of a bed, is considered to be a fossilized marking, made by a trace maker. The structures described from the Cambrian (Furongian) of central Poland are genetically related to Rusophycus. However, despite their occurrence on the tops of beds, they are not fossilized traces, but compaction-related features, resulting from differential sandstone and mudstone compaction with possible mediation by organic-rich, heterolithic sediments. The preservation of these structures probably was influenced by biofilms or biomats.

Słowa kluczowe : Rusophycus, trace fossil, preservation, compaction, Cambrian, Furongian, Poland,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 4
Strony : 317 – 327
Bibliografia : 1. Baldwin, B., 1971. Ways of deciphertng compacted sediments. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 41: 293-301.
2. Bertling, M., Braddy, S. J., Bromley, R. G., Demathieu, G. R., Genise, J., Mikuláš, R., Nielsen, J. K., Nielsen, K. S. S., Rindsberg, A. K., Schlirf, M. & Uchman, A., 2006. Names for trace fossils: a uniform approach. Lethaia, 39: 265-286.
3. Bottjer, D. & Hagadorn, J. W., 2007. Mat growth feafures, In: Schieber, J., Bose, P. K., Eriksson, P. G., Banerjee, S., Sarkar, S.,Altermann, W. & Catuneau, O. (eds), Atlas of Microbial Mat Features Preserved within the Clastic Rock Record. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 53-71.
4. Bromley, R. G., 1996. Trace Fossils: Biology, Taphonomy and Applications. Chapman & Hall, Routledge, 386 pp.
5. Bromley, R. G. & Asgaard, U., 1972. Notes on Greenland trace fossils. I. Freshwater Cruziana from the Upper Triassic of Jameson Land, East Greenland. Grönlands Geologiske Undersogelse, 49: 7 13.
6. Bromley, R. G. & Asgaard, U., 1979. Triassic freshwaler ichnocoenoses from Carlsberg Fjord, East Greenland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 28: 39-80.
7. Calner, M. & Eriksson, M. E., 2011. The record of microbially induced sedimenlary struclures (MISS) in the Swedish Paleozoic. SEPM Society for Sedimentary Geology Special Publication, 101: 29-35.
8. Carmona, N. B., Ponce, J. J., Wetzel, A., Bournod, C. N. & Cuadrado, D. G., 2012. Microbially induced sedimentary structures in Neogene tidal flats from Argentina: Paleoenvironmental, stratigraphic and taphonomic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 353-355: 1-9.
9. Crimes, T. P., 1975. The production and preservation of trilobite resting and furrowing traces Lethaia, 8: 35-48.
10. Crimes, T. P., 1970a. The significance of trace fossils in sedimentology, stratigraphy and palaeoecology with examples from Lower Palaeozoic strata. In: Crimes, T. P. & Harper, J. C. (eds), Trace Fossils. Geological Journal Special Issue, 3: 101-126.
11. Crimes, T. P., 1970b. Trilobite tracks and other trace fossils from the Upper Cambrian of North Wales. Geological Journal, 7: 47-68.
12. Dżułyński, S. & Żak, C., 1960. Sedimentary environment of the Cambrian quartzites in the Holy Cross Mounlains, Cenlral Poland, and their relalionship to the flysch facies. Rocznik Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, 30: 213-241.
13. Eriksson, P. G., Schieber, J., Bouougri, E., Gerdes, G., Porada, H., Banerjee, S., Bose, P. K. & Sarkar, S., 2007. Classification of structures left by microbial mats in their host sediments. In: Schieber, J., Bose, P. K., Eriksson, P. G., Banerjee, S., Sarkar, S.Altermann, W. & Catuneau, O. (eds), Atlas of Microbial Mats Feaures Preserved within the Clastic Rocks Record. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 39-52.
14. Frey, R. W. & Pemberton, S. G., 1985. Biogenic structures in outcrops and cores. I Approaches to ichnology. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology, 33: 72-115.
15. Goldring, R. & Seilacher, A., 1971. Limulid undertracks and their sedimentological implications. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 31: 422-442.
16. Hagadorn, J. W. & Bottjer, D. J., 1997. Wrinkle structures: Microbially mediated sedimentary structures common in subtidal siliciclastic setlings at the Prolerozoic-Phanerozoic transition. Geology, 25: 1047-1050.
17. Heyler, D. & Lessertisseur, J., 1963. Pistes de tétrapodes permiens dans la region de Lodeve (Hérault). Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Nouvelle Série, Série C, Sciences de la Terre, 11: 125-221.
18. Jaworowski, K. & Sikorska, M., 2006. Łysogóry Unit (Central Poland) versus East European Craton – application of sedimentological data from Cambrian siliciclastic associat ion. Geological Quarterly, 50: 77-88.
19. Jensen, S., 1997. Trace fossils from the Lower Cambrian Mickwitzia sandstone, south-central Sweden. Fossils and Strata, 42: 1-111.
20. Jensen, S., Droser, M. L. & Gehling, J. G., 2005. Trace fossil preservation and the early evolution of ammals. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 220: 19-29.
21. Kowalczewski, Z., Żylińska, A. & Szczepanik, Z., 2006. Kambr w Górach Świętokrzyskich. In: Skompski, S. & Żylińska, A. (eds), Procesy i zdarzenia w historii geologicznej Gór Świętokrzyskich, LXXVII Zjazd Naukowy Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, Ameliówka k. Kielc 28-30 czerwca 2006 r., Materiały Konferencyjne. Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne, Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny, Wydział Geologii Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa, pp. 14-27.
22. Lessertisseur, J., 1955. Traces fossiles d’activité animale et leur signification paléobiologique. Mémoires de la Société Géologique de la France, Nouvelle Série, 34:. 1-150.
23. MacNaughton, R. B., 2007. The applicalion of trace fossils to biostratigraphy. In: Miller, W., (ed.), Trace Fossils: Concepts, Problems, Prospects. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 135148.
24. Martinsson, A., 1965, Aspects of a Middle Cambrian thanatotope on Öland. GFF, 87: 181-230.
25. Martinsson, A., 1970. Toponomy of trace fossils. In: Crimes, T. P. & Harper, J. C. (eds), Trace Fossils. Geological Journal Special Issue, 3: 323-330.
26. Mullis, A. M., 1992. A numerical model for porosity modification at a sandstone-mudstone boundary by quartz pressure dissolution and diflusive mass transler. Sedimentology, 39: 99107.
27. Nadon, G. C. & Issler, D. R., 1997. The compaction of floodplain sediments: timing, magnitude and implications. Geoscience Canada, 24: 37-43.
28. Nagtegaal, P. J. C. 1978. Sandstone-framework instabillty as a function of burial diagenesis. Journal of the Geological Society, 135: 101-105.
29. Noffke, N., Gerdes, G., Klenke, T. & Krumbein, W. E., 2001. Microbially induced sedimentary structures: A new category within the classification of primary sedimentary structures. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 71: 649-656.
30. Orłowski, S., 1992a. Cambrian stratigraphy and stage subdivision in the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Geological Magazine, 129: 471-474.
31. Orłowski, S., 1992b. Trilobite trace fossils and their stratigraphical significance in the Cambrian sequence of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Geological Journal, 27: 15-34.
32. Perrier, R. & Quiblier, J., 1974. Thickness changes in sedimentary layers during compaction history; methods for quantitative evaluation. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 58: 507-520.
33. Pflüger, F., 1999. Matground structures and redox facies. Geology, 14: 25-39.
34. Pollard, J. E., 1985. Isopodichnus, related arlhropod trace fossils and notostracans from Triassic fluvial sediments. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences, 76: 272-285.
35. Porada, H. & Bouougri, E. H., 2007. Wrinkle structure – critical review. Earth-Science Reviews, 81: 199-215.
36. Porada, H., Ghergut, J. & Bouougri, E. H., 2008. Kinneyia-type wrinkle structures – critical review and model of formalion. Palaios, 23: 65-77.
37. Radwański, A. & Roniewicz, P., 1960. Ripple marks and other sedimentary structures of the Upper Cambrian at Wielka Wiśniówka (Holy Cross Mts.). Acta Geologica Polonica, 10: 371-397.
38. Radwański, A. & Roniewicz, P., 1963. Upper Cambrian trilobite ichnocoenosis from Wielka Wiśniówka (Holy Cross Mountains, Poland). Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 8: 259-280.
39. Schieber, J., Bose, P. K., Eriksson, P. G. & Sarkar, S., 2007. Paleogeography of microbial mats in terrigenous clastics – environmental distribution of associated sedimentary features and the role of geologic time. In: Schieber, J., Bose, P. K., Eriksson, P. G., Banerjee, S., Sarkar, S., Altermann, W. & Catuneau, O. (eds), Attas of Microbial Mats Features Pret served within the Clastic Rocks Record. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp. 267-275.
40. Schlirf, M., Uchman, A. & Kümmel, M., 2001. Upper Triassic (Keuper) non-matine trace fostils from the Haßberge area (Franconia, south-eastern Germany). Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 75: 71-96.
41. Seilacher, A., 1970. Cruziana stratigraphy of “non-fossiliferous” Palaeozoic sandstones. In: Crimes, T. P. & Harper, J. C. (eds), Trace Fossils. Geological Journal Special Issue, 3: 447-475.
42. Seilacher, A., 1994, How valid is Cruziana stratigraphy? Geologische Rundschau, 83: 752-758.
43. Seilacher, A., 2007. Trace Fossil Analysis. Springer, Berlin, 238 pp.
44. Seilacher, A., 1985. Triiobite palaeobiology and substrate relationships. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. Earth Sciences, 76: 231-237.
45. Seilacher, A. & Pflüger, F., 1994. From biomats to benfhic agriculture: a biohistoric revolution. In: Krumbein, W. E., Paterson, D. M. & Stal, L. J. (eds), Biostabilization of Sediments. Bibliotheks und Informationssystem der Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg, pp. 97-105.
46. Sikorska, M., 2000. Silification history of Cambrian sandstones in the Wiśniówka area, Holy Cross Mts (Central Poland). Przegląd Geologiczny, 48: 251-258. In Polish, English abstract.
47. Simpson, S., 1957. On the trace-fossil Chondrites. Geological Society of London, Quarterly Journal, 112: 475-499.
48. Stephenson, L. P., Plumley, W. J. & Palciauskas, V. V., 1992. A model for sandstone compaction by grain interpenetration. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 62: 11-22.
49. Studencki, M., 1994. Wiśniówka Duża quarry. In: Kowalczewski, Z., Szulczewski, M., Migaszewski, Z. & Jarecka-Strycz, K. (eds), Europrobe Trans-Eutopean Suture Zone Workthop, Excursion Guidebook, the Holy Cross Mountains, Polish Geological Institute, Kielce, 51-57 pp.
50. Wetzel, A., & Reisdorf, A. G., 2007. Ichnofabrics elucidate the accumulation history of a condensed interval containing a vertically emplaced ichfhyosaur skull. In: Bromley, R. G., Buatois, L. A., Mángano, M. G., Genise, J. F. & Melchor, R. N. (eds), Sediment-Organism Interactions: A Multifaceted Ichnology. SEPM Special Publications, 88: 241-251.
51. Żylińska, A. & Radwański, A., 2008. Stop 2 – Wiśniówka Duża, Upper Cambrian. In: Pieńkowski, G. & Uchman, A. (eds), Ichnologial Sites of Poland: The Holy Cross Mountains and the Carpathian Flysch. The Pre-Congress and Post-Congress Field Trip Guidebook. Polish Geological Institute, Warszawa, pp. 37-46.
52. Żylińska, A., Szczepanik, Z. & Salwa, S., 2006. Cambrian of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland; biostratigraphy of the Wiśniówka Hill succession. Acta Geologica Polonica, 56: 443461.
DOI :
Cytuj : Halamski, A. T. ,Baliński, A. ,Fatka, O. ,Kraft, P. ,Sadlok, G. , Compaction-related style of Rusophycus preservation from Furongian (Upper Cambrian) of Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 4/2013
[Top]

Early Berriasian ammonites from the Štramberk Limestone in the Kotouč Quarry (Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic)

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Early Berriasian ammonites from the Štramberk Limestone in the Kotouč Quarry (Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic)

Autorzy :
Halamski, A. T.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, ath@twarda.pan.pl,
Baliński, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, balinski@twarda.pan.pl,
Fatka, O.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, fatka@natur.cuni.cz,
Kraft, P.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, kraft@natur.cuni.cz,
Sadlok, G.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL- 00-818 Warszawa, Poland; address for correspondence: 77 Leadside Road, Aberdeen AB251RX, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, gregsadlok@gmail.com,
Vašíček, Z.
) Institute of Geonics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Studentská 1768, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, zdenek.vasicek@ugn.cas.cz,
Skupien, P.
Institute of Geological Engineering, VŠB-Technical University, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, petr.skupien@vsb.cz,
Abstrakty : Over 100 ammonites were collected from a block of bedded shallow-water Štramberk Limestone at a new location at the Kotouč Quarry, near Štramberk (Silesian Unit, Czech Republic). Berriaselline neocomitids, including Berriasella jacobi, B. oppeli, Tirnovella allobrogensis, T. cf. allobrogensis, Delphinella consanguinea, Pseudosubplanites cf. grandis and Malbosiceras cf. asper, are the most abundant species in this ammonite association. The olcostephanitid, Spiticeras blancheti, is rare. The index species for the Early Berriasian, B. jacobi, occurs in large numbers. On the basis of the present study, the upper boundary of the stratigraphic range of the Štramberk Limestone in the type area is dated as early Berriasian (ammonite Berriasella jacobi Zone). Ammonites with ages younger than early Berriasian have never been found in the Štramberk area. The deposition of the Štramberk Limestone in the Štramberk area came to an end during that period.

Słowa kluczowe : ammonites, Berriasian, Štramberk area, Outer Western Carpathians,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 4
Strony : 329 – 342
Bibliografia : 1. Arkadev, V. V. & Bogdanova, T. N., 2004. Genus Berriasella (Ammonoidea) and ammonoid zonation in the Berriasian of the Crimean Mountains. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation, 12: 367-379.
2. Arkadev, V. V. & Bogdanova, T. N., 2012. Golovonogie molljuski (Ammonity). In: Arkadev, V. V. & Bogdanova, T. N. (eds), Guzhikov, A. J., Lobacheva, S. V., Myshkina, N. V., Pla- tonov, E. S., Savel’eva, J. N., Shurekova, O. V. & Janin, B. T. Berrias Gornogo Kryma. Izd. LEMA, Sankt-Peiersburg, pp. 123-224. In Russian.
3. Arnould-Saget, S., 1953. Les ammonites pyriteuses du Tithonique supérieur et du Berriasien de Tunisie centrale. Annales des Mines et de la Géologie, 10 (for 1951): 1-133.
4. Blanford, H. F., 1864. On Dr. Gerard’s collection of fossils from the Spiti Valley, in the Asiatic Society’s Museum. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 32 (for 1863): 124-138.
5. Blaschke, F., 1911. Zur Tithonfauna von Stramberg in Mähren. Annalen des kaiserlich-königlichen naturhistorischen Hofmuseums, 25: 143-222.
6. Bogdanova, T. N., Kalacheva, E. D. & Sey, I. I., 1999. O prisustvii zony Tirnovella occitanica (nizhnij mel, berrias) v feodo- sijskom razreze Vostochnogo Kryma. Regional’naya Geologiya i Metallurgiya, 1999 (9): 27-32. In Russian.
7. Djanélidzé, A., 1922. Les Spiticeras du sud-est de la France. Mémoires pour Servir a l’Éxplication de la Carte géologique détaillée de la France, 1922: 1-255.
8. Druschic, V. V., 1960. Ammonity I. In: Druschic, V. V. & Kudrja- vcev, M. P. (eds), Atlas nizhnemelovoj fauny Severnogo Kavkaza i Kryma. Vsesojuznyj nauchno-issledovatel’skij institut prirodnych gazov, Moskva: pp. 249-355. In Russian.
9. Eliáš, M., 1970. Litologie a sedimentologie slezské jednotky v Moravskoslezských Beskydách. Sborník geologických Véd, G 18: 7-99. In Czech.
10. Eliáš, M. & Eliášová, H., 1986. Elevation facies of the Malm in Moravia. Geologický Zborník – Geologica Carpathica, 37: 532-550.
11. Eliáš, M., Skupien, P., Vašíček, Z., 2003. A proposal for the modification of the lithostratigraphical divison of the lower part of the Silesian unit in the Czech area (Outer Western Carpathians). Sborník védeckých Prací Vysoké Školy bánské – Technické Univerzity Ostrava, Rada hornicko-geologická, Monografie 8, 7-14 In Czech, English summary.
12. Eliáš, M. & Stráník, Z., 1963. K původu štramberských vápenců. Véstník Českého geologického Ústavu, 38: 133-136. In Czech.
13. Eliáš, M. & Vašíček, Z. 1995. Early Berriasian ammonites from the Štramberk Lime ttone of Kotouč quarry (Outer Carpathians, Silesian Unit, Štramberk, Czech Repubtic). Véstník Českého geologického Ústavu, 70: 27-32.
14. Grigorieva, O. K., 1938. Fauna ammonitov nizhnego valangina iz bassejna r. Beloj na severnom sklone Kavkaza (Majkopskij rajon). Azovo-Chernomorskij geologicheskij trest – Materialy po geologii ipoleznym iskopaemym. Azchergeolizdat, Rostov na Donu, pp. 83-122. In Russian.
15. Haug, E., 1910. Période Crétacé. In: Haug, E. (ed.), Traité de Géologie, vol. 2, Les Périodes géologiques, 2. Colin, Paris, pp. 1153-1196.
16. Hoedemaeker, P. J., 1982. Ammonite biostratigraphy of the uppermost Tithonian, Berriasian, and Lower Valanginian along the Río Argos (Caravaca, SE Spain). Scripta Geologica, 65: 181.
17. Hohenegger, L., 1849. Aus einem von Herrn Dir. L. Hohenegger aus Teschen an Herrn Bergrat Haidinger gerichtetem Schreiben. Bericht über die Mitteilungen von Freunden der Naturwissenschaften in Wien, 5: 115-126.
18. Houša, V., 1965. Podtřída Ammonoidea Zittel, 1884 – Amoniti. In: Špinar, Z. (ed.), Systematická paleontologie bezobratlých. Academia, Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd. Praha, pp. 454-549. In Czech.
19. Houša, V., 1968. Štramberk limestone, Olivetská hora limestone, Kopřivnice limestone. In: Andrusov, D. (ed.), Lexique stratigraphique international, vol. I, Europe, fasc. 6b – Tchécoslo- vaquie, fasc. 6b 2 – Région Carpatique, Paris, pp. 1-371.
20. Houša, V., 1975. Geology and paleontology of the Stramberg limestone (Upper Tithonian) and the associated Lower Cretaceous beds. Bureau de Recherches Géologique et Minieres, 86: 342-349.
21. Houša, V., 1990. Stratigraphy and calpionellid zonation of the Štramberk Limestone and associated Lower Cretaceous beds. In: Pallini, G. (ed.), Atti del secondo convegno internazionale Fossili, Evoluzione, Ambiente, Pergola 25-30 ottobre 1987. Comitato centenario Raffaele Piccinini, Pergola, pp. 365370.
22. Houša, V. & Vašíček, Z., 2005. Ammonoidea of the Lower Cretaceous depostts (Late Berriasian, Valanginian, early Hauterivian) from Štramberk, Czech Republic. Geolines, 18: 7-57.
23. Ivanova, D. & Kołodziej, B., 2010. Late Jurassic-Early Cretatceous foraminifera from Štramberk-type limestones, Polish Outer Carpathians. Studia Universitatis Babeş-Bolyai, Geologia, 55: 3-31.
24. Kilian, W., 1889. Études paléontologiques sur les terrains secondaires et tertiaires de l’Andalousie. Le gisement tithonique de Fuente de los Frailes pres de Cabra (province de Cordove). Mission d’Andalousie. Mémoires presentes pour divers sa- vants a l’Academie des Sciences de l’Institut National de France, 30: 581-739.
25. Klein, J., 2005. Lower Cretaceous Ammonites I. Perisphinctaceae 1. Himalayitidae, Olcostephanidae, Holcodiscidae, Neocomitidae, Oosterellidae. In: Riegraf, W. (ed.), Fossilium Catalogus I: Animalia, pars 139. Backhuys Pubtishers, Leiden, 484 pp.
26. Kvantaliani, I. V., 1999. Berriasskie golovonogie molljuski Kryma i Kavkaza. Trudy Akademii Nauk Gruzii, Geologicheskij Institut im. A. I. Dzhanelidze (Novaya Seriya), 112: 1-188. In Rus t sian.
27. Kvantaliani, I., Topchishvili, M., Lominadze, T. & Sharikadze, M., 1999. Upon the systemattcs of Mesozoic Ammonitida. Bulletin of Georgian Academy of Sciences, 160: 102-105.
28. Le Hégarat, G., 1971. Perisphinctidae et Berriasellidae de la limite Jurassique-Crétacé. Genres nouveaux et révision critique de quelques définitions taxinomiques antérieurs. Comptes Rendus hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, D10: 850-853.
29. Le Hégarat, G., 1973. Berriasien du sud-est de la France. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de Lyon, 43 (for 1971): 1-576.
30. Mazenot, G., 1939. Les Palaeohoplitidae tithoniques et berriasiens du sud-est de la France. Mémoires de la Société géologique de France, Nouvelle Série, 18 (Mémoire 41): 1-303.
31. Nikolov, T. G., 1966. New genera and subgenera of ammonites of family Berriasellidae. Doklady Bolgarskoi Akademii Nauk, 19: 639-642.
32. Nikolov, T. G., 1982. Les ammonites de la famille Berriasellidae Spath, 1922. Tithonique supérieur – Berriasien. Editions Académie Bulgare des Sciences, Sofia, 251 pp.
33. Oppel, A., 1865. Die tithonische Etage. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft, 17: 535-558.
34. Oyenhausen, C., 1822. Versuch einer geognostischen Beschreibung von Oberschlesien und den nächst angrenzenden Gegenden von Polen, Galizien und Österreichisch-Schlesien. Bädeker, Essen, 471 pp.
35. Pavlov, A. P., 1892. Ammonites de Speeton et leurs rapports avec les ammonites des autres pays. In: Pavlov, A. P. & Lamplugh, G. W. (eds), Argiles de Speeton et leurs equivalents. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, n. s., 5 (for 1891): 181-276.
36. Picha, E.J., Stráník, Z. & Krejčí, O., 2006. Geology and hydrocarbon retources of the Outer Western Carpathians and their foreland, Czech Republic. In: Golonka, J. & Picha, F. J. (eds), The Carpathians and Their Foreland: Geology and Hydrocarbon Resources. AAPG Memoir, 84: 49-175.
37. Pictet, F. J., 1867. Études paléontologiques sur la faune a Terebra- tula diphyoides de Berrias (Ardeche). Mélanges Paléontologiques, 1: 44-130.
38. Pictet, F. J., 1868. Étude provisoire des fossiles de la Porte-de- France, ďAizy et de Lémenc. Mélanges Paléontologiques, 4: 207-312.
39. Reboulet, S., Raws on, P. F., Moreno-Bedmar, J. A., Aguirre- Urreta, M. B., Barragán, R., Bogomolov, Y., Company, M., Gonzáles-Arreola, C., Idakieva Stoyanova, V., Lukeneder, A., Matrion, B., Mitta, V., Randrianaly, H., Vašíček, Z., Baraboshkin, E. J. et al., 2011. Report on the 4th International Meeting of the IUGS Lower Cretaceous Working Group, the “Kilian Group“ (Dijon, France, 30th August 2010). Cretaceous Research, 32: 786-793.
40. Remeš, M., 1899. Zur Frage der Gliederung des Stramberger Tithon. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen geologischen Reichsanstalt, 6-7: 174-179.
41. Remeš, M., 1904. Štramberský tithon. Soubor našich dosavadních vědomostí. Véstník České akademie císaře Františka Josefa pro védy, slovesnost a uméní, 13: 201-217, 277-295, 360381. In Czech.
42. Retowski, O., 1893. Die tithonischen Ablagerungen von Theodosia. Ein Beitrag zur Paläontologie der Krim. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, n. s., 7: 206301.
43. Roman, F., 1938. Les ammonites jurassiques et crétacées. Essai de genera. Masson, Paris, 554 pp.
44. Salfeld, H., 1921. Kiel- und Furchenbildung auf der Schaleaussen- seite der Ammonoideen in ihrer Bedeutung für die Systematik und Festlegung von Biozonen. Zentralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie, Paläontologie, 1921: 343-347.
45. Sarasin, C. & Schöndelmayer, C., 1901. Étude monographique des ammonites du Crétacique inférieur de Chatel-Saint-Denis. Mémoires Suisse de Paléontologie, 28: 1-91.
46. Spath, L. F., 1922. On Cretaceous Ammonoidea from Angola, collected by Professor J. W. Gregory, D. Sc., F. R. S. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 53: 91-160.
47. Spath, L. F., 1924. On the ammonites of the Speeton Clay and the subdivisions of the Neocomian. Geological Magazine, 61: 73-89.
48. Steinmann, G. & Döderlein, L., 1890. Elemente der Paläontologie. Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig, 848 pp.
49. Svobodová, M., Švábenická, L., Skupien, P. & Hradecká, L., 2011. Biostratigraphy and paleoecology of the Lower Cretaceous sedtments in the Outer Western Carpathians (Silesian Unit, Czech Republic). Geologica Carpathica, 62: 309-332.
50. Tavera-Benitez, J. M., 1985. Los ammonites del Tithonico Superior – Berriasense de la zona subbetica (Cordilleras Beticas). Tesis doctoral, Universidad de Granada, 381 pp.
51. Toucas, A., 1890. Étude sur la faune des couches tithoniques de l’Ardeche. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, (3) 18: 560-629.
52. Uhlig, V., 1903. The fauna of the Spiti Shales (1903-1910). Palaeontologia Indica, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India (series 15, Himalayan Fossils), 4: 1-132.
53. Uhlig, V., 1905. Einige Bemerkungen über die Ammonitengattung Hop lites Neumayr. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 114: 591-636.
54. Vašíček, Z. & Skupien, P., 2004. The Štramberk fossil site (uppermost Jurassic/Lower Cretaceous, Outer Western Carpathians) – two centuries of the geological and paleontological research. Sborník védeckých Prací Vysoké Školy bánské – Technické Univerzity Ostrava. Rada hornicko-geologická, 50: 83102. In Czech, English summary.
55. Vašíček, Z. & Skupien, P., 2005. Supplements to history of geological and paleontological research of Štramberk territory. Sborník védeckých Prací Vysoké Školy bánské – Technické Univerzity Ostrava. Rada hornicko-geologická, 51: 1-6. In Czech, English summary.
56. Vašíček, Z., Skupien, P. & Jirásek, J., 2013. Northernmost occurrence of the Lower Berriasian ammonite Pseudosubplanites grandis (the Štramberk Limettone, Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Repubtic). Geologica Carpathica, 64: 461466.
57. Wierzbowski, A. & Remane, J., 1992. The ammonites and calpionellid stratigraphy of the Berriasian and lowermost Valanginian in the Pieniny Klippen Belt, Poland. Eclogae geologicae Helvetiae, 85: 871-891.
58. Wright, C. W., Callomon, J. H. & Howarth, M. K., 1996. Cretaceous Ammonoidea. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part L, Mollusca 4 revised. The Geological Society of America & The University of Kansas Press, Boulder, Colorado & Lawrence, Kansas, 362 pp.
59. Zittel, K. A. von, 1868. Die Cephalopoden der Stramberger Schichten. Paläontologische Mittheilungen aus dem Museum des Königlich-Bayerischen Staates, 2: 33-118.
60. Zittel, K. von, 1870. Grenzschichten zwischen Jura und Kreide. Mittheilungen Hebert’s über dieselben. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen geologischen Reichsanstalt, 7: 113116.
61. Zittel, K. A., von, 1884. Cephalopoda. In: Zittel, K. A., von (ed.), Handbuch der Paläontologie, Band 1, Abt. 2., Lief. 3. Oldenburg, München und Leipzig, pp. 329-522.
DOI :
Cytuj : Halamski, A. T. ,Baliński, A. ,Fatka, O. ,Kraft, P. ,Sadlok, G. ,Vašíček, Z. ,Skupien, P. , Early Berriasian ammonites from the Štramberk Limestone in the Kotouč Quarry (Outer Western Carpathians, Czech Republic). Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 4/2013
[Top]

The effect of gluconic acid secretion by phosphate-solubilizing Pseudomonas putida bacteria on dissolution of pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3Cl and Pb remobilization

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : The effect of gluconic acid secretion by phosphate-solubilizing Pseudomonas putida bacteria on dissolution of pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3Cl and Pb remobilization

Autorzy :
Halamski, A. T.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, ath@twarda.pan.pl,
Baliński, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, balinski@twarda.pan.pl,
Fatka, O.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, fatka@natur.cuni.cz,
Kraft, P.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, kraft@natur.cuni.cz,
Sadlok, G.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL- 00-818 Warszawa, Poland; address for correspondence: 77 Leadside Road, Aberdeen AB251RX, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, gregsadlok@gmail.com,
Vašíček, Z.
) Institute of Geonics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Studentská 1768, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, zdenek.vasicek@ugn.cas.cz,
Skupien, P.
Institute of Geological Engineering, VŠB-Technical University, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, petr.skupien@vsb.cz,
Topolska, J.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, jm.topolska@gmail.com,
Borowicz, P.
Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa Str. 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland,
Manecki, M.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Bajda, T.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Kaschabek, S.
Institute of Biosciences, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger Str. 29, D-09596 Freiberg, Germany,
Merkel, B. J.
Institute of Geology, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Gustav Zeuner Str. 12, D-09596 Freiberg, Germany,
Abstrakty : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bacterially produced gluconic acid on the dissolution of pyromorphite and Pb remobilization. Pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3Cl is formed as a product of the phosphate-induced treatment of Pb-contaminated sites. This very stable mineral greatly decreases the bioavailability of Pb. In this study, bacterial and abiotic batch experiments on the dissolution of pyromorphite were carried out. In the microbial experiments, the mineral was dissolved in the presence of the phosphate–solubilizing soil bacterium, Pseudomonas putida. The bacterial growth medium was supplemented with glucose, which under natural condi- tions can be supplied to microbes via symbiosis with plants. P. putida acquired P from pyromorphite and enhanced its dissolution. Elevated Pb concentrations were observed in the suspensions with bacteria. The bacterial secretion of 16.5 mM gluconic acid played a significant role in Pb remobilization; the pH of the solution dropped down from an initial 7.4 to 3.5. In the abiotic experiments, pyromorphite was dissolved at several concentrations of gluconic acid and at an acidic to neutral pH range. Both acidification and formation of stable Pb-gluconate ligands enhanced the dissolution of pyromorphite and caused Pb remobilization.

Słowa kluczowe : pyromorphite, pseudomonas putida, gluconic acid, Pb remobilization, P-induced method,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 4
Strony : 343 – 351
Bibliografia : 1. Bajda, T., 2010. Solubility of mimetite Pb5(AsO4)3Cl at 5-55°C. Environmental Chemistry, 7: 268-278.
2. Bajda, T., 2011. Dissotution of mimetite Pb5(AsO4)3Cl in low- molecular-weight organic acids and EDTA. Chemosphere, 83: 1493-1501.
3. Baker, W. E., 1966 An X-ray diffraction study of synthetic members of the pyromorphite series. American Mineralogists, 51: 1712-1721.
4. Banfield, J. F., Baker, W. W., Welch, S. A. & Tauton A., 1999. Biological impact on mineral dissolution: application of the lichen model to understanding mineral weathering in the rhizosphere. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 96: 3404-3411.
5. Buch, A., Archana, G. & Kumar, G. N., 2008. Metabolic channeling of glucose towards gluconate in phosphate-solubilizing Pseudomonas aeruginosa P4 under phosphorus deficiency. Research in Microbiology, 159: 635-642.
6. Cotter-Howells, J., 1996. Lead phosphate formation in soils. Environmental Pollution, 93: 9-16.
7. Cotter-Howells, J. & Caporn, S., 1996. Remediation of contamtnated land by formation of heavy metal phosphates. Applied Geochemistry, 11: 335-342.
8. Crundwell, F. K., 2003. How do bacteria interact with minerals? Hydrometalurgy, 71: 75-81.
9. Debela, F., Arocena, J. M., Thring, R. W. & Withcombe, T., 2010. Organic acid-induced release of lead from pyromorphite and its relevance to reclamation of Pb-contaminated soils. Chemosphere, 80: 450-456.
10. Debela, F., Arocena, J. M., Thring, R. W. & Withcombe, T., 2013. Organic acids inhibit the formation of pyromorphite and Zn- phosphate in phosphorous amended Pb- and Zn-contaminated soil. Journal of Environmental Management, 116: 156-162.
11. Dehner, C. A., Barton, L., Maurice, P. A. & DuBois, J. L., 2010. Size-dependent bioavailability of hematite (a-Fe2O3) nanoparticles to a common aerobic bacterium. Environmental Science and Technology, 45: 977-983.
12. Drever, J. I. & Stillings, L. L., 1997. The role of organic acids in mineral weathering. ColloidsSurface A 120: 167-181.
13. Dhar, R. K., Zheng, Y., Rubenstone, J. & van Geen, A., 2004. A rapid colorimetric method for measuring arsenic concentrations in groundwater. Analytica ChimicaActa, 526: 203-209.
14. Escandar, G. M., Peregrin, J. M., Sierra, M. G., Martino, D., Santoro, M., Frutos A. A., Garcia, S. I., Labadie, G. & Sala, L. F., 1996. Interaction of divatent metal ions with D-gluconic acid in the solid phase and aqueous sotution. Polyhedron, 15: 2251-2261.
15. Espinosa-Urgel, M., Kolter, R. & Ramos, J. L., 2002. Root colonization by Pseudomonas putida: love at first sight. Microbiology, 148: 341-343.
16. Flis, J., Borkiewicz, O., Bajda, T., Manecki, M. & Klasa, J., 2010. Synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction of the lead apatite series Pb15(PO4)6Cl2 – Pb10(AsO4)6Cl2. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation, 17: 207-214.
17. Flis, J., Manecki, M. & Bajda, T., 2011. Solubiltty of pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3Cl – mimetite Pbs(AsO4)3Cl solid sotution series. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75: 1858-1868.
18. Formina, M., Alexander, I. J., Hillter, S. & Gadd, G. M., 2004. Zinc phosphate and pyromorphite solubilization by soil plantsymbiotic fungi. Geomicrobiology Journal, 21: 351-366.
19. Gadd, G. M., 2004. Microbial influence on metal mobility and application for bioremediation. Geoderma, 122: 109-119.
20. Hashimoto, Y. M., Takaoka, M., Oshita, K. & Tanida, H, 2009. In- complete transformations of Pb to pyromorphite by phosphate-induced immobilization investigated by X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. Chemosphere, 76: 616-622.
21. Illmer, P. & Schinner, F., 1995. Solubilization of inorganic calcium phosphates-solubilization mechanisms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 27: 257-263.
22. Jarosz-Wilkolazka, A. & Gadd, G. F., 2003. Oxal ate product ion by wood-rotting fungi growing in toxic metal-amended medium. Chemosphere, 52: 541-547.
23. Jones, D. L., 1998. Organic acids in the rhizosphere – a critical review. Plant Soil, 205: 25-44.
24. Jones, D. L., Dennis, P. G., Owen, A. G. & van Hees, P. A. W., 2003. Organic acid behavior in soils-misconceptions and knowledge gaps. Plant Soil, 248: 31-41.
25. Lang, F. & Kaupenjohann, M., 2003. Effect of dissolved organic matter on precipitation and mobility of lead compound chloropyromorphite in sotution. European Journal of Soil Science, 54: 139-148.
26. Leung, W. C., Chua, H. & Lo, W., 2001. Biosorption of heavy metals by bacteria isolated from activated sludge. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 91-93: 171-184.
27. Lin, T., Huang, H., Shen, F. & Young, C., 2006. The protons of gluconic acid are the major factor responsible for the dissolution of tricalcium phosphate by Burkholderia cepacia CC- A174. Bioresource Technology, 97: 957-960.
28. Ma, Q. Y., Traina, S. J., Logan, T. J., Ryan, J. A., 1993. In-situ lead immobilization by apatite. Environmental Science and Technology, 27: 1803-1810.
29. Ma, Q. Y., Traina, S. J., Logan, T. J. & Ryan, J. A., 1994a. Effects of aqueous Al, Cd, Cu, Fe(II), Ni, and Zn on Pb immobilization by hydroxyapatite. Environmental Science and Technology, 28: 1219-1228.
30. Ma, Q. Y., Traina, S. J., Logan, T. J. & Ryan, J. A., 1994b. Effects of NO3-, Cl”, F”, SO42″, and CO32″ on Pb2+ immobilization by hydroxyapatite. Environmental Science and Technology, 28: 408-418.
31. Ma, Q. I., Logan, T. J. & Traina, S. J., 1995. Lead immobilization from aqueous solutions and contaminated soils using phosphate rocks. Environmental Science and Technology, 29: 1118-1126.
32. Manecki, M., 2009. Rola i dynamika przemian piromorfitu Pb5(PO4)3Cl w środowisku. Rozprawy i Monografie, 176, 91 pp. UWND AGH, Kraków, In Polish.
33. Manecki, M. & Maurice, P. A., 2008. Siderophore promoted dissolution of pyromorphite. Soil Science, 173: 821-830.
34. Manecki, M., Bogucka, A., Bajda, T. & Borkiewicz, O., 2006. De- crease of Pb bioavailability in soils by addition of phosphate ions. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 3: 178-181.
35. Matlakowska, R., Drewniak, L. & Sklodowska, A., 2008. Arsenic-hypertolerant Pseudomonas isolated from ancient gold and copper-bearing black shale deposits. Geomicrobiology Journal, 25: 357-362.
36. Nakamoto, A., Urasima, Z., Sugiura, S., Nakano, H., Yachi, T. & Tadokoro, K., 1969. Pyromorphite-mimetite minerals from the Otaru-Matsukura barite mine in Hokkaido, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 6: 85-101.
37. Nautiyal, C. S., 1999. An efficient mirobiological growth medium for screening phosphate solubilizing microorganisms. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 170: 265-270.
38. Park, J. H., Bolan, N., Megharaj, M. & Naidu, R., 2011a. Isolation of phosphate solubilizing bacteria and their potential for lead immobilization in soil. Journal of Hazardous Material, 185: 829-836.
39. Park, J. H., Bolan, N., Merharaj, M. & Naidu, R. 2011b. Comparative value of phosphate sources on the immobilization of lead and leaching of lead and phosphorus in lead coniaminated soils. Science of the Total Environment, 409: 853-860.
40. Ramos, J. L., Duque, E., Rodriguez-Herva, J. J., Godoy, P., Haidour, A., Reyes, F. & Fernandez-Barrero A., 1997. Mechanisms for solvent tolerance in bacteria. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 272: 3887-3890.
41. Reva, O. N., Weinel, Ch., Weinel, M., Böhm, K., Stjepandic, D., Hoheisel, J. D. & Burkhard, T., 2006. Functional genomics of stress response in Pseudomonas putida KT2440. Journal of Bacteriology, 188: 4079-4092.
42. Roane, T. M., 1999. Lead resistance in two bacterial isolates from heavy metal-contaminated soils. Microbial Ecology, 37: 218-224.
43. Rodriguez, H. & Fraga, R., 1999. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria and their role in plant growth promotion. Biotechnology Advances, 17: 319-339.
44. Rosas, S. B., Andres, J. A., Rovera, M. & Correa, N. S., 2006.
45. Phosphate-solubilizing Pseudomonas putida can influence the rhizobia-legume symbiosis. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38: 3502-3505.
46. Ruby, M. V., Davis, A. & Nicholson, A.,1994. In situ formation of lead phosphates in soil as a method to immobilize lead. Environmental Science and Technology, 28: 646-654.
47. Rugierro, Ch. E., Boukhalfa, H., Forsythe, J. H., Lack, J. G., Hersman, L. E. & Neu, M. P., 2005. Actinide and metal toxicity to prospective bioremediation bacteria. Environmental Microbiology, 7: 88-97.
48. Sayer, J. A., Kierans, M. & Geoffrey, M. G., 1997. Solubilization of some naturally occurring metal-bearing minerals lime scale and lead phosphate by Asperigillus niger. FEMS Micro- biology Letters, 154: 29-35.
49. Scheckel, K. G. & Ryan, J. A., 2002. Effect of aging and pH on dissolution kinetics and stability of chloropyromorphite. Environmental Science and Technology, 36: 2198-2204.
50. Shen, Y., Storm, L., Johnson, J. & Tyler, G., 1996. Low-molecular organic acids in the rhizosphere soil solution of beech forest cambisols determined by chromatography using supported liquid membrane enrichment technique. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 28: 1163-1169.
51. Strobel, B. W., 2001. Influence of vegeiation on low-molecular-weight carboxylic acids in soil solution – a review. Geoderma, 99: 169-198.
52. Topolska, J., Latowski, D., Kaschabek, S., Manecki, M., Merkel, B. & Rakovan, J., 2014. Pb remobilization by bacterially mediated dissolution of pyromorphite Pbs(PO4)3Cl in presence of phosphate-solubilizing Pseudomonas putida. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21: 1079-1089.
53. Traina, S. J. & Laperche, V., 1999. Contaminant bioavailability in soils, sediments and aquatic environments. In: Smith, J. V. (ed.), Colloquium on Geology, Mineralogy, and Human Wel- fare. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96: 3365-3371.
54. United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2005. Best management practices for lead at outdoor shooting ranges. EPA- 902-B-01-00, revised June 2005. Diviiion of Eniorcement and Compliance Assistance, RCRA Compliance Branch, New York, New York 10007-1866, 103 pp. http://www2.epa. gov/lead/best-management-practices-lead-outdoor-shoot- ing-ranges-epa-902-b-01-001-revised-june-2005 05.02.2011
55. Vicedomini, M., 1983. Potentiometric invesiigaiion of the copper(II)-gluconate system in acid solution. Journal of Coordination Chemistry, 12: 307-312.
56. Vyas, P. & Gulati, A., 2009. Organic acid production in vitro and plant growth promotion in maize under conirolled environment by phosphate-solubilizing fluorescent Pseudomonas. BMCMicrobiolology, 9: 174-189.
57. Welch, S. A. & Ullman, W. J., 1996. Feldspar dissolution in acidic and organic solutions: Compositional and pH dependence of dissolution rates. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 60: 2939-2948.
58. Xie, L. & Giammar, D., 2007. Equilibrium solubility and dissolution rate of the lead phosphate chloropyromorphite. Environmental Science and Technology, 41: 8050-8055.
DOI :
Cytuj : Halamski, A. T. ,Baliński, A. ,Fatka, O. ,Kraft, P. ,Sadlok, G. ,Vašíček, Z. ,Skupien, P. ,Topolska, J. ,Borowicz, P. ,Manecki, M. ,Bajda, T. ,Kaschabek, S. ,Merkel, B. J. , The effect of gluconic acid secretion by phosphate-solubilizing Pseudomonas putida bacteria on dissolution of pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3Cl and Pb remobilization. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 4/2013
[Top]

Gas generation in Carboniferous source rocks of the Variscan foreland basin : implications for a charge history of Rotliegend deposits with natural gases

Czasopismo : Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae
Tytuł artykułu : Gas generation in Carboniferous source rocks of the Variscan foreland basin : implications for a charge history of Rotliegend deposits with natural gases

Autorzy :
Halamski, A. T.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, ath@twarda.pan.pl,
Baliński, A.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Twarda 51/55, PL-00-818 Warszawa, Poland, balinski@twarda.pan.pl,
Fatka, O.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, fatka@natur.cuni.cz,
Kraft, P.
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, Albertov 6, 128 43 Prague 2, Czech Republic, kraft@natur.cuni.cz,
Sadlok, G.
Institute of Paleobiology, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Twarda 51/55, PL- 00-818 Warszawa, Poland; address for correspondence: 77 Leadside Road, Aberdeen AB251RX, Aberdeenshire, Scotland, United Kingdom, gregsadlok@gmail.com,
Vašíček, Z.
) Institute of Geonics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Studentská 1768, 708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, zdenek.vasicek@ugn.cas.cz,
Skupien, P.
Institute of Geological Engineering, VŠB-Technical University, 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic, petr.skupien@vsb.cz,
Topolska, J.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland, jm.topolska@gmail.com,
Borowicz, P.
Faculty of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa Str. 7, 30-387 Kraków, Poland,
Manecki, M.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Bajda, T.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Department of Mineralogy, Petrography and Geochemistry, al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Kraków, Poland,
Kaschabek, S.
Institute of Biosciences, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger Str. 29, D-09596 Freiberg, Germany,
Merkel, B. J.
Institute of Geology, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Gustav Zeuner Str. 12, D-09596 Freiberg, Germany,
Botor, D.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, botor@agh.edu.pl,
Papiernik, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, papiern@geol.agh.edu.pl,
Maćkowski, T.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, mackowsk@agh.edu.pl,
Reicher, B.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, reicher@agh.edu.pl,
Kosakowski, P.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, kosak@agh.edu.pl,
Machowski, G.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, machog@agh.edu.pl,
Górecki, W.
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, Al. Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland, wgorecki@agh.edu.pl,
Abstrakty : Numerical modelling of the Carboniferous–Permian petroleum system in the Polish Basin was carried out using PetroMod software. The Carboniferous source rocks contain organic matter mostly of a humic nature (gas-prone Type III kerogen). Subordinately, only in the Lower Carboniferous deposits, kerogen of algal marine origin and mixed Type II/III kerogen occur. The quantity of dispersed organic matter is variable, but usually below 2% TOC. In the Carboniferous section, a progressive increase in the maturity of organic matter with depth was observed, from approximately 0.5% Rr at the top of the Westphalian in marginal parts of the Carboniferous basin to over 5.0% Rr at the bottom of the Lower Carboniferous in the eastern Fore-Sudetic Homocline. The thermo- genic generation of hydrocarbons continued from the late Westphalian (eastern Fore-Sudetic Homocline and partly Pomerania) throughout the Mesozoic, up to the Late Cretaceous. The advancement of this process is va- riable in different parts of the Carboniferous basin, reaching up to 100% of kerogen transformation in the zones of maximum maturity of organic matter. However, the most intensive periods of gas generation and migration were the Late Triassic and the Late Jurassic. The most prospective areas are located NE of Poznań–Kalisz line and SW of Poznań.

Słowa kluczowe : Poland, Polish basin, organic matter, hydrocarbon potential, petroleum source rock, maturity modelling, gas generation,
Wydawnictwo : Polskie Towarzystwo Geologiczne
Rocznik : 2013
Numer : Vol. 83, No. 4
Strony : 353 – 383
Bibliografia : 1. Angevine, C. L. & Turcotte, D. L., 1983. Petroleum generation inoverthrust belts. AAPG Bulletin, 67: 235-241.
2. Bachleda-Curuś, T. & Semyrka, R., 1990. Bilans węglowodorowy mezozoicznego kompleksu osadowego na Niżu Polskim. Wydawnictwa AGH, Kraków, 216 pp. In Polish.
3. Bachleda-Curuś, T., Burzewski, W., Halat, Z. & Semyrka, R., 1996. Hydrocarbon generation potential of sedimentary formations in the Western Pomerania. Oil and Gas News, 6: 163-170.
4. Bahranowski, K., Protas, A., Gaweł, A. Górniak, K. Ratajczak, T. & Szydłak, T., 2007. Black shales of the Lower Carboniferous: source rocks of bitumen accumuiations in the Western Pomerania area. Przegląd Geologiczny, 55: 281-282. In Polish, English abstract.
5. Benek, R., Kramer, W., McCann, T., Scheck, M., Negendank, F. J. W., Korich, D., Huebsher, H.-D. & Bayer, U., 1996. Permo- Carboniferous magmatism of the Northeast German Basin. Tectonophysics, 266: 379-404.
6. Botor, D., 2011a. Gas generation 1-D modelling in the Carboniferous sediments in the deep part of the Polish Rotliegend basin. Kwartalnik AGH Geologia, 37: 503-516.
7. Botor, D. 2011b. The charge history of the Rotliegend gasfields in the western Poiand. 73 EAGE Conference & Exhibition In- corporating SPE EUROPEC 2011: 23-26May 2011, Vienna, Extended Abstracts: 102-107.
8. Botor, D., 2012a. The Carboniferous-Rotliegend petroleum system in the German-Dutch part of the basin – implications for gas exploration in the Polish part of the Rotliegend basin. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 448: 159-168.
9. Botor, D., 2012b. Two-stages gas generation in the Carboniferous shales of the southern part of the Fore-Sudetic Monocline (SW Poland). Book of Abstracts, Geoshale Conference, Warsaw, 14-16.05.2012. Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Warsaw, p. 115.
10. Botor, D. & Kosakowski, P., 2000. Application of the numerical modelling in the reconstruction of thermal history and petroleum generation: an overview of the methods. Przegląd Geologiczny, 49: 239-252. In Polish, English abstract.
11. Botor, D. & Littke, R., 2003. 2-D numerical modeliing by PE- TROMOD software of the burial and thermal history of the coal-bearing Lublin Carboniferous Basin. Proceedings of the International. Conference: Geology of Coal-Bearing Basins, Kraków, 20-21.04.2004. Wydawnictwo Akademii Górniczo- Hutniczej, Kraków, pp. 42-46.
12. Botor, D., Kuśmierek, J., Maćkowski, T. & Kosakowski, P., 2002a. Numerical modelling of expulsion and migration of the hydrocarbons: case studies from Polish sedimentary basins. Przegląd Geologiczny, 51: 117-130 In Polish, English abstract.
13. Botor, D., Kotarba, M. & Kosakowski, P., 2002b. Petroleum generation in the Carboniferous strata of the Lublin trough (Poland); an integrated geochemical and numerical modelling approach. Organic Geochemistry, 33: 461-476.
14. Botor, D., Papiernik, B., Maćkowski, T., Reicher, B., Machowski, & Górecki, W., 2012. The thermal history of the Carboniferous source rocks in the Fore-Sudetic Monocline, Poland. Extended Abstracts, 74 EAGE Copenhagen, Denmark. 4-6. 06.2012. European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers, Copenhagen, pp. 211-216.
15. Breitkreuz, C., Kennedy, A., Geissler, M., Ehling, B.-C., Kopp, J., Muszyński, A., Protas, A. & Stouge, S., 2007. Far Eastern Avalonia: its chronostratigraphic structure revealed by SHRIMP zircon ages from Upper Carboniferous to Lower Permian volcanic rocks (drill cores from Germany, Poiand and Denmark). Geological Society of America Special Publications, 423: 173-190.
16. Burzewski, W., 1984. Geotektoniczne kryteria powstawania węglowodorów paleozoicznym profilu obszaru przedsudeckiego. Prace Geologiczne Komisji Nauk Geologicznych Polskiej Akademii Nauk, 126: 1-91. In Polish.
17. Burzewski, W., 1997. Geologiczne uwarunkowania realiów naftowych Polski. In: Górecki, W. (ed.), Rozwój polskiej myśli w poszukiwaniach naftowych. Wydawnictwo Platan, Kraków, pp. 134-164. In Polish.
18. Burzewski, W., Kotarba, M., Botor, D., Kosakowski, P. & Słupczyński, K., 1998. Hydrocarbon generation and expulsion modelling of the Late Paleozoic deposits in the Radom-Lublin and Pomerania areas of the Polish Lowlands. In: Narkiewicz, M. (ed.), Sedimentary basin analysis of the Polish Lowlands. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 165: 273-284. In Polish, English abstract.
19. Burzewski, W., Maćkowski, T., Łapińkiewicz, P., Bachleda-Curuś, T. & Semyrka, R., 1996. Modelling of the paleothermal gradient for deteremination of the distribution of the hydrocarbon phases in the Western Pomeranian Devonian-Carbonifer- ous Complex. Oil and Gas News from Poland, 6: 171- 174.
20. Burzewski, W., Górecki, W., Maćkowski, T., Papiernik, B. & Reicher, B., 2009. Prognostic gas reserves – undiscovered potential of gas in the Polish Rotliegend Basin. Kwartalnik AGH Geologia, 35: 123-128. In Polish, English abstract.
21. Cermak, V. & Bodri, L., 1996. Time-dependent crustal tempera- ture modeling – Central Alps. Tectonophysics, 257: 7-24.
22. Cornford, C., 1998. Source rocks and hydrocarbons in the North Sea. In: Glennie, K. W. (ed.), Petroleum geology of North Sea. Basic Concepts and Recent Advances. Blackwell, London, pp. 137-173.
23. Dadlez, R., 2003. Mesozoic thickness patlern in the Mid-Polish Trough. Geological Quarterly, 47: 223-240.
24. Dadlez, R., 2006. The Pollsh Basin-relalionship belween the crystalline, consolidated and sedimentary crust. Geological Quaterly, 50: 43-58.
25. Dadlez, R., Kowalczewski, Z. & Znosko, J., 1994. Some key problems of the pre-Permian tectonics of Poland. Geological Quarterly, 38: 169-189.
26. Dadlez, R., Narkiewicz, M., Stephenson, R. A., Visser, M. T. M. & Van Wees, J.-D., 1995. Tectonic evolution of the Mid-Polish Trough: modelling implications and significance for central European geology. Tectonophysics, 252: 179-195.
27. Dadlez, R., Jóźwiak, W. & Młynarski, S., 1997. Subsidence and inversion in the western part of the Polish Basin – data from seismic velocities. Geological Quarterly, 41: 197-208.
28. Dadlez, R., Marek, S., & Pokorski, J., 1998. Palaeogeographic Atlas of Epicontinental Permian and Mesozoic in Poland (1: 2500 000). Polish Geological Institute, Warszawa.
29. Doornenball, H. & Stevenson, A., 2010. Petroleum Geological Atlas of the Southern Permian Basin Area, (UK to Poland). EAGE Publications, Houten, The Netherlands.
30. Espitalié, J., Deroo, G. & Marquis, F., 1985. La pyrolyse Rock Eval et ses applicalions. French Petroleum Institute Revue, 40: 755-784.
31. Francu, J., Kalvoda, J., Poelchau, H. S. & Otava, J., 2002. Burial and uplift hislory of the Palaeozoic Flysch in the Variscan foreland basin (Czech Republic). European Geoscience Union Stephan Mueller Special Publication Series, 1: 167-179.
32. Franke, W., Haak, V., Oncken, O. & Tanner, D., 2000. Orogenic processes: quantification and modelling in the Variscan belt. Special Publications of the Geological Society, London, 179: 1-345.
33. Gast, R. E., Dusar, M., Breitkreuz, C., Gaupp, R., Schneider, J. W., Stemmerik, L., Geluk, M. C., Geissler, M., Kiersnowski, H., Glennie, K. W., Kabel, S. & Jones, N. S., 2010. Rotliegend. In: Doornenbal, J. C. & Stevenson, A. G. (eds), Petroleum Geological Atlas of the Southern Perm ian Basin Area. EAGE Publications, Houten, pp. 101-121.
34. Gayer, R. A., Garven, G. & Rickard, D. T., 1998. Fluid migration and coal-rank development in foreland basins. Geology, 26: 679-682.
35. Gerling, P. Idiz, E., Everlien, G. & Sohns, E., 1997. New aspects on the origin of nitrogen in natural gas in northern Germany. Geologisches Jahrbuch, D-103: 65-84.
36. Górecka-Nowak, A., 2007. Palynological constraints on the age of the Carboniferous clastic succession of SW Poland (Fore- Sudetic area) based on miospore data. Geological Quarterly, 51: 39-56.
37. Górecki, W., Weil, W. & Wolnowski, T., 1995. Oil and gas accumulation potential of the Western Pomerania (North-Western Poland). Abstracts of Conference on Modern Exploration and Improved Oil and Gas Recovery Methods. AGH, Kraków, pp. 102-103.
38. Górecki, W., 2006. Atlas of geothermal resources of Mesozoic formations in the Polish Lowlands. Wydawnictwo AGH, Kraków, 484 pp.
39. Górecki, W., 2008. Prognostic Resources and Undiscovered Natural Gas Potential of Rotliegend and Zechstein Limestone Deposits in Poland. Unpublished report of the proj ect no. 562/ 2005/Wn-06/FG-sm-tx/D funded by Ministry of Environment of Poland in 2005-2008. Department of Fossil Fuels, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH UST, Kraków, 707 pp. In Polish.
40. Górecki, W., Papiernik, B., Maćkowski, Reicher, B., Botor, D., Burzewski, W. & Machowski, G., 2011. Hydrocarbon potential of the Carbonlferous – Lower Permlan Total Petroleum System in the Polish part of the SPB. Extended abstracts, 73rd EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC, 23-26 May, Vienna, P298. Earth Doc, EAGE Publications B.V. http://www.earthdoc.org/publication/publica-tiondetails/?publication=51128 30.12.2013.
41. Górniak, K., Wagner, M., Bahranowski, K., Gaweł, A., Ratajczak, T. & Szydłak, T., 2004. Thermal history of Palaeozoic source rocks in Western Pomerania (NW Poland): illite-smectite and vitrinite reflectance geothermometers. In: Németh, T. & Terbócs, A. (eds), 2nd Mid-European Clay Conference, Miskolc, Hungary, 20-24 Seplember, 2004. Acta Universitatis Szegediensis (Mineralogica-Petrographica Abstract Series), 4: 46.
42. Gradstein, F. M., Ogg, J. G., Smith, A. G., 2004. A Geologic Time Scale 2004. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 3589.
43. Grocholski, W., 1975. Variscides of southern Wielkopolska. Przegląd Geologiczny, 23: 171-174. In Polish, English abstract.
44. Grotek, I., 2006. Thermal maturity of organic matter from the sedimentary cover deposits from Pomeranian part of the TESZ. In: Matyja, H. & Poprawa, P. (eds), Facies, Tectonic and Thermal Evolution of the Pomeranian Sector of Trans-European Suiure Zone and Adjacent Areas. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 186: 253-269. In Polish, English abstract.
45. Grotek, I. 1998. Thermal maturity of organic matter in the Zechstein deposits of the Polish Lowlands area. In: Narkiewicz, M. (ed.), Sedimentary basin analysis of the Polish Lowlands. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 165: 255-260. In Polish, English abstract.
46. Grotek, I., 2005. Aheration of the coalification degree of the organic matter dispersed in the Carboniferous sediments along border of the East-European Craton in Poland. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 413: 5-80. In Polish, English abstract.
47. Grotek, I., Matyja, H. & Skompski, S., 1998. Thermal maturity of organic matter in the Carboniferous deposits of the Radom Lublin and Pomerania areas. In: Narkiewicz, M. (ed.), Sedimentary basin analysis of the Polish Lowlands. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 165: 245-253. In Polish, English abstract.
48. Hakenberg, M. & Swidrowska, J., 1997. Propagation of the SE segment of the Polish Trough connected with bounding fault zones (from the Permian to Late Jurassic). Commte Rendes de l’Academie Science, Geoscience, 324: 793-803.
49. Hamihon, P., Kelley, J. & Fallick, A. E., 1989. K-Ar dating of illite reservoirs. Clay Minerals, 24: 215-232.
50. Hantschel, T. & Kauerauf, A. I., 2009. Fundamentals of Basin and Petroleum Systems Modelling. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York, 476 pp.
51. Hunt, J. M., 1979. Petroleum Geochemistry and Geology. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, 743 pp.
52. Jarzyna, J., Puskarczyk, E., Bała, M. & Papiernik, B. 2009. Variability of the Rotliegend sandstones in the Polish part of the Southern Permian Basin – permeability and porosity relationships. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae, 79: 13-26.
53. Jubitz, K. B., Znosko, J. & Franke, D., 1986. Tectonic Map, International Geological Correlation Programme, Project No 86: South-West Bor der of the East European Platform. Zentral Geologische Institut, Berlin.
54. Karnkowski, P., 1993. Złoża gazu ziemnego i ropy naftowej w Polsce, vol. 2. Niż Polski, Wydawnictwo AGH – Geos, Kraków, 214 pp. In Polish.
55. Karnkowski, P., 2003. Carboniferous stage of the development Lublin basin as a major stage of hydrocarbon generation in the Upper Paleozoik strata – results of the modelling (PetroMod). Przegląd Geologiczny, 51: 783-790. In Polish, English abstract.
56. Karnkowski, P. H., 1996. Thermal history and hydrocarbon generation in the area of Dobrzyca Structure (Western Pomerania, Poland). Przegląd Geologiczny, 44: 349-357. InPolish, English abstract.
57. Karnkowski, P. H., 1999. Origin and evolution of the Polish Rotliegend Basin. Polish Geological Institute Special Papers, 3: 1-93.
58. Karnkowski, P. H., 2007. Permian basin as a main exploration target in Poland. Przegląd Geologiczny, 55: 1003-1015.
59. Kiersnowski, H., 1997. Depositional development of the Polish Upper Rotliegend Basin and evolution of its sediment source areas. Geological Quarterly, 41: 433-456.
60. Kiersnowski, H., 1998. Depositional architecture of the Rotliegend basin in Poland. In: Narkiewicz, M. (ed.), Sedimentary basin analysis of the Polish Lowlands. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 165: 113-128. In Polish, English abstract.
61. Kiersnowski, H. & Buniak, A., 2006. Evolution of the Rotliegend Basin of northwestern Poland. Geological Quarterly, 50: 119-138.
62. Kiersnowski, H., Paul, J., Peryt, T. M. & Smith, D. B., 1995. Facies, paleogeography and sedimentary history of the Southern Permian Basin in Europe. In: Scholle, P. A., Peryt, T. M. & Ulmer-Scholle, D. S. (eds), The Permian of Northern Pangea, 2. Sedimentary Basins and Economic Resources. Springer, Berlin, pp. 119-136.
63. Kosakowski, P., Kotarba, M. J., Pomorski, J. & Wróbel, M., 2006. Hydrocarbon potential of the carboniferous strata on the Kołobrzeg and Gryfice Blocks (northwestern Poland). 68th EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EURO- PEC, 12-15 June, Vienna. Extended Abstracts CD ROM, Association of Geoscientists & Engineers, Vienna.
64. Kotarba, M. J., Piela, J. & Żołnierczuk, T., 1992. Origin of gas ac- cumulations in the Permian-Carboniferous traps of the Paproć field based on isotopic data. Przegląd Geologiczny, 40: 260-263. In Polish, English abstract.
65. Kotarba, M. J., Grelowski, C., Kosakowski, P., Więcław, D., Kowalski, A. & Sikorski, B., 1999. Hydrocarbon poiential of source rocks and origin of gas acumulations in the Rotliegend and Carboniferous in the northern part of western Pomerania. Przegląd Geologiczny, 47: 480. In Polish, English abstract.
66. Kotarba, M. J., Clayton, J. L., Rice, D. D. & Wagner, M., 2002. Assessment of hydrocarbon source rock potential of Polish bituminous coals and carbonaceous shales. Chemical Geology, 184: 11-35.
67. Kotarba, M., Kosakowski, P., Więcław, D., Grelowski, C., Kowalski, A., Lech, S. & Merta, H., 2004. Hydrocarbon potential of Carboniferous source rocks on the Baltic part of Pome- ranian Segment of the Middle Polish Trough. Przegląd Geologiczny, 52: 1156-1165. In Polish, English abstract.
68. Kotarba, M., Pokorski, J., Grelowski, C. & Kosakowski, P., 2005. Origin of natural gases accumulated in Carboniferous and Rotliegend strata on the Baltic part of the Western Pomerania. Przegląd Geologiczny, 53: 425-433. In Polish, English abstract.
69. Kozłowska, A. & Poprawa, P., 2004. Diagenesis of the Carboniferous clastic sediments of the Mazowsze region and the northern Lublin region related to their burial and thermal history. Przegląd Geologiczny, 52: 491-500. In Polish, English abstract.
70. Krzywiec, P., 2002. Mid-Polish Trough inversion-seismic examples, main mechanisms and its relationship to the Alpine- Carpathian collision. In: Bertotti, G., Schulmann, K. & Cloetingh, S. (eds), Continental collision and the tectonosedimentary evolution of Forelands. European Geosciences Union. Stephan Mueller Special Publication Series, 1: 151-165.
71. Krzywiec, P., 2004. Triassic evolution of the Kłodawa salt structure: basement-controlled salt tectonics within the Mid-Polish Trough (central Poland). Geological Quarterly, 48: 123-134.
72. Krzywiec, P., 2006a. Triassic – Jurassic evolution of the Pomeranian segment of the Mid-Polish Trough – basement tectonics and sedimentary patterns. Geological Quarterly, 51: 139150.
73. Krzywiec, P., 2006b. Structural inversion of the Pomeranian and Kuiavian segments of the Mid-Polish Trough – lateral variations in timing and structural style. Geological Quarterly, 51: 151-168.
74. Kutek, J., 1994. Jurassic tectonic events in south-eastern cratonic Poland. Acta GeologicaPolonica, 44: 167-221.
75. Lamarche, J., Scheck, M. & Lewerenz, B., 2003. Heterogeneous tectonic inversion of the Mid-Polish Trough related to crustal architecture, sedimentary patterns and structural inheritance. Tectonophysics, 373: 75-92.
76. Lee, M., Aronson, J. L. & Savin, S. M., 1995. K-Ar dating of time and gas emplacement in Rotliegende sandstone, The Nether- lands. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 69: 1381-1385.
77. Liewig, N. & Clauer, N., 2001. K-Ar dating of varied microtex- tural illite in Permian gas reservoirs, Northern Germany. Clay Minerals, 35: 271-281.
78. Littke, R., 1997. Deposition of petroleum source rocks. In: Welte, D. H. & Horsfield, B. & Baker, D. R. (eds), Petroleum and Basin Evolution. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York, pp. 271-334.
79. Littke, R., Lückge, A., Büker, C., Sachsenhofer, R. F. & Welte, D. H., 1994. A new evaluation of palaeo-heat flows and eroded thicknesses for the Carboniferous Ruhr basin, western Germany. International Journal of Coal Geology, 26: 155-183.
80. Littke, R., Krooss, B. M., Idiz, E. & Frielingsdorf, J., 1995. Molecular nitrogen in natural gas accumulations – generation from sedimentary organic matter at high temperatures. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 79: 410-430.
81. Lokhorst, A., 1997. Gas Atlas of the North-Western Europe. NITG-TNO, The Nedherlands. CD-room version
82. Maćkowski, T., 2005. Wpływ dolnopermskiego wulkanizmu na stopień przeobrażenia termicznego karbońskich skał macierzystych na obszarze Monokliny Przedsudeckiej, In: Kuśmierek, J. (ed.), Sprawozdania z Semianariów Naukowych AGH ZSE. AGH, Kraków, pp. 120-122.
83. Maćkowski, T., Papiernik, B., Reicher, B., Stefaniuk, M., Merta, H. & Hajto, M., 1998. Reconstruction of Laramide Inversion in the Central Part of Polish Lowlands. Extended Abstracts Book, Conference on Modern Exploration and Improved Oil and Gas Recovery Methods. AGH, Kraków, pp. 206-207.
84. Maćkowski, T., Reicher, B., Burzewski, W., Botor, D., Papiernik, & Górecki, W., 2008. Rekonstrukcja czasowo-przestrzennych parametrów, model ekspulsji i migracji węglowodorów oraz ocena potencjału generacyjnego. In: Górecki, W. (ed.), Prognostic resources and undiscovered natural gas potential of Rotliegend and Zechstein limestone deposits in Poland, Part 5. Unpublished report of the project no. 562/2005/ Wn-06/FG-sm-tx/D funded by Ministry of Environment of Poland in 2005-2008. Department of Fossil Fuels, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH UST, Kraków, pp. 1-86. In Polish.
85. Majorowicz, J. A., Marek, S. & Znosko, J., 1984. Paleogeothermal gradients by vitrinite reflectance data and their relation to the present geothermal gradient patterns of the Polish Lowland. Tectonophysics, 103: 141-156.
86. Maliszewska, A., Kuberska, M. & Matyja, H., 2009. Isotopic investigations of diagenetic illite of Rotliegend sandstones from the Wielkopolska and western Pomerania regions. Przegląd Geologiczny, 57: 322-327. In Polish, English abstract
87. Marek, S. & Pajchlowa, M., 1997. The epicontinental Permian and Mesozoic in Poland. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 153, pp. 1-284. In Polish, English summary.
88. Matyasik, I., 1998. Geochemical characteristics of the Carboniferous source rock in the selected boreholes in the RadomLublin and Pomerania areas. In: Narkiewicz, M. (ed.), Sedimentary basin analysis of the Polish Lowlands. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 165: 215-226. In Polish, English abstract.
89. Matyja, H., 2006. Stratigraphy and facies development of Devo- nian and Carboniferous deposits in the Pomeranian Basin and in the western part of the Baltic Basin and paleogeography of the northern TESZ during Late Paleozoic times. In: Matyja, & Poprawa, P. (eds), Facies, Tectonic and Thermal Evolution of the Pomeranian Seclor of Trans-European Suire Zone and Adjacent Areas. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 186: 79-122. In Polish, English abstract.
90. Mazur, S., Scheck-Wenderoth, M. & Krzywiec, P., 2005. Different modes of the Late Cretaceous-Early Tertiary inversion in the North German and Polish basins. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 94: 782-798.
91. Mazur, S., Dunlap, W. J., Turniak, K. & Oberc-Dziedzic, T., 2006a. Age constraints for the thermal evolution and erosional history of the central European Variscan belt: new data from the sediments and basement of the Carboniferous foreland basin in western Poland. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 163: 1011-1024.
92. Mazur, S., Aleksandrowski, P., Kryza, R. & Oberc-Dziedzic, T., 2006b. The Variscan Orogen in Poland. Geological Quarterly, 50: 89-118.
93. Mazur, S., Aleksandrowski, P., Turniak, K., Krzemiński, L., Ma- stalerz, K., Rundach, A., Górecka-Nowak, A., Kurowski, L., Krzywiec, P., Żelaźniewicz, A., & Fanning, M. C., 2010. Uplift and late orogenic deformation of the Central European Variscan belt as revealed by sediment provenance and structural record in the Carbonlferous foreland basin of western Poland. International Journal of Earth Sciences (Geologische Rundschau), 99: 47-64.
94. McCann, T., Pascal, C., Timmerman, M. J., Krzywiec, P., Lopez- Gomez, J., Wetzel, A., Krawczyk, C. M., Rieke, H., & La- marche, J., 2006. Post-Variscan (end Carboniferous-Early Permian) basin evolution in Western and Central Europe. In: Gee, D. G. & Stephenson, R. A. (eds), European Lithosphere Dynamics. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 32: 355388.
95. Michalik, M., 2002. Diagenesis of the Weis Sandstone (Lower Permian) in the Fore-Sudetic Monocline. Prace Mineralogiczne, 157: 1-245.
96. Narkiewicz, M., 2007. Development and inversion of Devonian and Carboniferous basins in the eastern part of the Variscan foreland (Poland). Geological Quarterly, 51: 231-256.
97. Niedbalec, S. & Radecki, S., 2007. Hydrocarbon accumulations in Poland. Przegląd Geologiczny, 55: 985-991.
98. Nowak, G., 2003. Petrologia materii organicznej rozproszonej w osadach późnopalezoicznych SW Polski. Cuprum, 29: 1-221. In Polish.
99. Nowak, G., 2007. Comparative studies of organic matter petrography of the Late Palaeozoic black shales from southwestern Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 71: 568-585.
100. Papiernik, B. & Reicher, B., 1998. The numerical 3-D restoration of the Laramide uplift magnitude in the central part of the Polish Lowlands. Extended Abstracts Book, Conference on Modern Exploiation and Improved Oil and Gas recovery Methods, AGH, Kraków, pp. 175-176.
101. Papiernik, B., Buniak, A., Hajto, M., Kiersnowski, H., Zych, I., Machowski, G. & Jasnos, J., 2008. Model pojemnościowy utworów czerwonego spągowca i wapienia cechsztyńskiego na podstawie laboratoryjnych badań petrofizycznych i interpretacji geofizyki wiertniczej. In: Górecki, W. (ed.), Proginostic Resources and Undiscovered Natural Gas Potential of Rotliegend and Zechstein Limestone Deposits in Poland, Part 3. Report of the project no. 562/2005/Wn-06/FG-sm-tx/D funded by Ministry of Environment of Poland in 2005-2008. Department of Fossil Fuels, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH UST, Kraków, pp. 1In Polish.
102. Papiernik, B., Górecki, W. & Pasternacki, A., 2010. Prelimtnary results of 3D modeling of petrophysical parameters for tight gas prospecting in the Polish Rotliegend Basin. Przegląd Geologiczny, 58: 352-364. In Polish, English abstract.
103. Papiernik, B., Kiersnowski, H., Machowski, G. & Górecki, W., 2012. Upper Rotliegend reservoir and facies models of geomorphologlcal and structural gas traps in Silesian Basin – South-West Poland. Extended Abstracts, 74th EAGE Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE EUROPEC, 4-7 June, Copenhagen. EarthDoc, EAGE Publications B.V. http:// www.earthdoc.org/publication/publicationdetails/?publica- tion = 59497 30.12.2013.
104. Peters, K. E. & Cassa, M. R., 2002. Applied source rock geochemistry. Memoir American Association Petroleum Geologists, 60: 93-120.
105. Piwocki, M. 2004. Paleogen. In: Peryt, T. & Piwocki, M. (eds), Geology of Poland, Vol. I, Stratigraphy, Part. 3a, Cainozoic, Paleogene i Neogene. Panstwowy Instytut Geologiczny, Warszawa, pp. 22-71. In Polish, English abstract.
106. Pletsch, T., Appel, J., Botor, D., Clayton, C. J., Duin, E. J. T., Faber, E., Górecki, W., Kombrink, H., Kosakowski, P., Kuper, G., Kus, J., Lutz, R., Mathiesen, A., Ostertag-Henning, Papiernik, B. & Van Bergen, F., 2010. Petroleum generation and migration. In: Doornenbal, J. C. & Stevenson, A. G. (eds), Petroleum Geological Atlas of the Southern Permian Basin Area. EAGE Publications, Houten, pp. 225-253.
107. Plewa, F., 1994. Rozkład parametrów geotermalnych na obszarze Polski. Wydawnictwo Centrum Podstawowych Problemów Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energią PAN, Kraków, 138 pp. In Polish.
108. Poelchau, H. S., Baker, D. R., Hantschel, T., Horsfield, B. & Wygrala, B., 1997. Basin simulation and design of the conceptual model. In: Welte, D. H., Horsfield, B. & Baker, D. R. (eds), Petroleum and Basin Evolution. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York, pp. 3-70.
109. Pokorski, J., 1998. Mapa: Paleogeografía późnego czerwonego spągowca. Podgrupa Noteci. In: Dadlez, R., Marek, S. & Pokorski, J. (eds), Atlas paleogeograficzny epikontynentalnego permu i mezozoiku w Polsce. Państwowy Instytut Geologiczny, Warszawa. In Polish.
110. Pokorski, J., 2008. Schematyczna mapa rozmieszczenia utworów karbonu dolnego i górnego z określeniem litofacji dominujących. In: Górecki, W. (ed.), Prognostic resources and undiscovered natural gas potential of Rotliegend and Zechstein limestone deposits in Poland, Part 2. Report of the project no. 562/2005/Wn-06/FG-sm-tx/D funded by Ministry of Environment of Poland in 2005-2008. Department of Fossil Fuels, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH UST, Kraków. In Polish.
111. Poprawa, P., 1997. Late Permian to Tertiary dynamics of the Polish Trough. Terra Nostra, 97/11: 104-109.
112. Poprawa, P., 2010. Analysis of shale gas potential of siltstone and mudstone formations in Poland. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 439: 159-172. In Polish, English abstract.
113. Poprawa, P. & Andriessen, P., 2006. Apatite fission track thermochronology of the northern and central part of the Polish Basin – preliminary results. In: Matyja, H. & Poprawa, P. (eds), Facies, Tectonic and Thermal Evolution of the Pomeranian Seclor of Trans-European Suture Zone and Advacent Areas. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 186: 271-292. In Polish, English abstract.
114. Poprawa, P. & Kiersnowski, H., 2008. Potential for shale gas and tight gas exploration in Poland. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 429: 145-152. In Polish, English abstract.
115. Poprawa, P. & Kiersnowski, H., 2010. Tight gas reservoirs in Poland. Biuletyn Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 439: 173-180. In Polish, English abstract.
116. Poprawa, P., Grotek I., Wagner M. & Matyja H., 2002. Phane- rozoic thermal history of the Polish Trans-Suture Zone. Przegląd Geologiczny, 50: 1219-1220. In Polish, English abstract.
117. Poprawa, P., Grotek, I. & Żywiecki, M., 2005. Impact of the Permian magmatic activity on the thermal maturation of the Carboniferous sediments in the outer Variscan orogen (SW Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers, 26: 255-260.
118. Pożaryski, W., Grocholski, A., Tomczyk, H., Karnkowski, P. & Moryc, W., 1992. Tectonic map of Poland during the Variscan time. Przegląd Geologiczny, 40: 643-651. In Polish, English abstract.
119. Protas, A., Hałas, S. & Wójtowicz, A., 2006. Datowanie K-Ar illitu w utworach czerwonego spągowca na Niżu Polskim. In: Materiały IX Konferencji: Datowanie Skał i Minerałów, Gdańsk, 23-24 X. 2006. Uniwersytet Gdański, Gdańsk, p. 123. In Polish.
120. Reicher, B., 2008. The elements of the Carboniferous-Permian petroleum system in the Polish Lowlands. In: Górecki, W. (ed.), Prognostic Resources and Undiscovered Natural Gas Potential of Rotliegend and Zechstein Limestone Deposits in Poland, Part 5. Report of the project no. 562/2005/Wn-06/FG- sm-tx/D funded by Mini siry of Environment of Poiand in 2005-2008. Department of Fossil Fuels, Faculty of Geology, Geophysics and Environmental Protection, AGH UST Kraków, In Polish.
121. Resak, M., Narkiewicz, M. & Littke, R., 2008. New basin model- ling results from the Polish part of the Central European Basin sysiem (Pomerania): implications for the Late Creiaceous- Early Paleogene structural inversion. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 97: 955-972.
122. San Leon Energy, 2013. SW Carboniferous Basin. http://www. sanleonenergy.com/operations-and-assets/sw-carboniferous- basin.aspx 30.12.2013.
123. Scheck-Wenderoth, M. & Lamarche, J., 2005. Crustal memory and basin evolution in the Central European Basin System – new insights from a 3D structoral model. Tectonophysics, 397: 143-165.
124. Schlumberger, 2013a. PetroMod Petroleum Systems Modeling Software. http://www.software.slb.com/products/foundation/ Pages/petromod.aspx 30.12.2013.
125. Schlumberger, 2013b. Petrel Exploration & Production Software Platform. http://www.software. slb.com/products/platform/Pages/petrel.aspx 30.12.2013.
126. Schwarzer, D. & Littke, R., 2007. Pefroieum generation and migration in the ‘Tight Gas’ area of the German Rotliegend natural gas play: a basin modelling study. Petroleum Geoscience, 13: 37-62.
127. Senglaub, Y., Littke, R. & Brix, M. R., 2006. Numerical modelling of burial and temperatare history as an approach for an alternative interpretation of the Bramsche anomaly, Lower Saxony Basin. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 95: 204-224.
128. Słowakiewicz, M. & Mikołajewski, Z., 2011. Upper Permian Main Dolomite microbial carbonates as potential source rocks for hydrocarbons (W Poland). Marine and Petroleum Geology, 28: 1572-1591.
129. Speczik, A. & Kozłowski, A., 1987. Fluid inclusion study of epigenetic veinlets from the Carboniferous rocks of the Fore- Sudetic monocline (SW Poland). Chemical Geology, 61: 287-298.
130. Stefaniuk, M., Baranowski, P., Czopek, B. & Maćkowski, T., 1996. Study of compaction in the Pomeranian Anticlinorium Area. Oil and Gas News from Poland, 6: 150-162.
131. Stephenson, R. A., Narkiewicz, M., Dadlez, R., Van Wees, J.-D. & Andriessen, P., 2003. Tectonic subsidence modelling of the Polish Basin in the light of new data on crustal structure and magnitude of inversion. Sedimentary Geology, 156: 59-70.
132. Sweeney, J. J. & Burnham, A. K., 1990. Evaluation of a simple model of vitrinite reflectance (EASY%Rr) based on chemical kinetics. American Association Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 74: 1559-1570.
133. Szewczyk, J. & Gientka, D., 2009. Terrestrial heat flow density in Poland – a new approach. Geological Quarterly, 53: 125140.
134. Van Wees, J.-D., Stephenson, R. A. & Ziegler, P. A., 2000. On the origin of the Southern Permian Basin, Cential Europe. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 17: 43-59.
135. Wagner, R., 1998. Zechstein. In: Dadlez, R., Marek, S., & Pokorski, J. (eds), Palaeogeographic Atlas of Epicontinental Permian and Mesozoic in Poland (1: 2 500 000). Polish Geological Institute, Warszawa.
136. Wagner, M., 1999. Vitrinite Reflectance in Selected Boreholes from the Polish Basin (Polish Lowland). Unpublished report, Polish Geological Institute Archive, Warsaw, 89 pp.
137. Waples, D., Kamata, H. & Suizu, M., 1992. The art of the maturity modeling – overview of methods. American Association Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, 76: 31-46.
138. Warr, L. N., Primmer, T. J. & Robinson, D., 1991. Variscan very low grade metamorphism in SW England: a diastathermal and thrust-related origin. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 9: 751-764.
139. Wierzchowska-Kicułowa, K., 1984. Geology of the pre-Permian series of the Fore-Sudetic Monocline. Geologica Sudetica, 19: 121-142. In Polish, English abstract.
140. Witkowski, A. & Żelichowski, A. M., 1981. Geological Structure of the Sub-Permian Rocks in the Northern part of the Fore- Sudetic Homocline. Archive of the Polish Geologlcal Institute, Warszawa, p. 88. Unpublished, in Polish.
141. Wygrala, B. P., 1989. Integrated study of an oil field in the south- ern Po Basin, northern Italy. Berichte der Kernforschungsanlage Julich, 2313: 1-217.
142. Yalcin, M. N., Littke, R. & Schsenhofer, R. F., 1997. Thermal history of sedimentary basins. In: Welte, D. H., Horsfield, B., & Baker, D. R. (eds) Petroleum and Basin Evolution. Springer, Dordrecht, Heidelberg, London, New York, pp. 71-168.
143. Zdanowski, A. & Żakowa, H., 1995. The Carboniferous system in Poland. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 148: 1-215.
144. Ziegler, P. A., Bertotti, S. & Cloetingh, S., 2002. Dynamic processes controlling foreland development – the role of me t chanical (de)coupling of orogenic wedges and forelands. EGUStephan Mueller Special Publication Series, 1: 17-56.
145. Żelichowski, A. M., 1964. Utwory karbonu w podłożu monokliny przedsudeckiej. Przegląd Geologiczny, 12: 224-227. In Polish.
146. Żelichowski, A. M., 1980. Synoptic profile of Carboniferous in the sub stratum of the Fore-Sudetic Monocline. Kwartalnik Geologiczny, 24: 942-943.
147. Żelichowski, A. M., 1995. Lithostratigraphy and sedimentologic- paleogeographic development. Central Poland and Wielkopolska regions. In: Zdanowski, A. & Żakowa, H. (eds), The Carboniferous system in Poland. Prace Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 148: 100-102 and 148-151.
DOI :
Cytuj : Halamski, A. T. ,Baliński, A. ,Fatka, O. ,Kraft, P. ,Sadlok, G. ,Vašíček, Z. ,Skupien, P. ,Topolska, J. ,Borowicz, P. ,Manecki, M. ,Bajda, T. ,Kaschabek, S. ,Merkel, B. J. ,Botor, D. ,Papiernik, B. ,Maćkowski, T. ,Reicher, B. ,Kosakowski, P. ,Machowski, G. ,Górecki, W. , Gas generation in Carboniferous source rocks of the Variscan foreland basin : implications for a charge history of Rotliegend deposits with natural gases. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae Vol. 83, No. 4/2013
[Top]