Tag: carbon steel

Influence of large non-metallic inclusions on bending fatigue strength hardened and tempered steels

Czasopismo : Advances in Materials Science
Tytuł artykułu : Influence of large non-metallic inclusions on bending fatigue strength hardened and tempered steels

Autorzy :
Mierzejewska, Ż. A.
Bialystok University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Biomedical Engineering, ul. Wiejska 45C, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland, a.mierzejewska@doktoranci.pb.edu.pl,
Markowicz, W.
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Welding, ul. Basanaviciaus 28, 03224 Vilnius, Lithuania, vladislav.markovic@vgtu.lt,
Czupryński, A.
Silesian University of Technology, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, The Chair of Welding, Konarskiego 18A Street,44-100 Gliwice, Poland, artur.czuprynski@polsl.pl,
Lipiński, T.
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Material and Machine Technology, St: Oczapowskiego 11, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland, tomasz.lipinski@uwm.edu.pl,
Wach, A.
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Material and Machine Technology, St: Oczapowskiego 11, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland,
Detyna, E.
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Material and Machine Technology, St: Oczapowskiego 11, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland,
Abstrakty : The article discusses the effect of large oxide impurities (a diameter larger than 10 μm in size) on the fatigue resistance of structural steel of high purity during rotary bending. The study was performed on 7 heats produced in an industrial plant. The heats were produced in 140 ton electric furnaces. All heats were desulfurized. The experimental material consisted of semi-finished products of high-grade, carbon structural steel with: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum and boron. Steel sections with a diameter of 18 mm were hardened from austenitizing by 30 minutes in temperature 880°C and tempered at a temperature of 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600°C for 120 minutes and air-cooled. The experimental variants were compared in view of the heat treatment options. Fatigue tests were performed with the use of a rotary bending machine at a frequency of 6000 cpm. The results were statistical processed and presented in graphic form. This paper discusses the results of the relative volume of large impurities, the fatigue strength for various heat processing options.

Słowa kluczowe : carbon steel, inclusions, non-metalic inclusions, fatigue strength, bending fatigue strength,
Wydawnictwo : Politechnika Gdańska
Rocznik : 2015
Numer : Vol.15, nr 3(45)
Strony : 33 – 40
Bibliografia : 1. Roiko A., Hänninen H., Vuorikari H.: Anisotropic distribution of non-metallic inclusions in a forged steel roll and its influence on fatigue limit, International Journal of Fatigue 41 (2012) 158-167. Web of Science CrossRef
2. Kocańda S.: Zmęczeniowe pękanie metali (Metal fatigue cracking). WNT Warszawa (in Polish), 1985.
3. Wołczyński W.: Constrained/unconstrained solidification within the massive cast steel/iron ingots. Archives of Foundry Engineering 10 (2010) 195-202.
4. Lipinski T., Wach A.: Non-metallic inclusions structure dimension in high quality steel with medium carbon contents. Archives of Foundry Engineering 3(9) (2009) 75-78.
5. Spriestersbach D., Grad P., Kerscher E.: Influence of different non-metallic inclusion types on the crack initiation in high-strength steels in the VHCF regime, International Journal of Fatigue 64, (2014) 114–120. CrossRef
6. Zhang J. M., Zhang J. F., Yang Z. G., Li G. Y., Yao G., Li S. X., Hui W. J., Weng Y. Q.: Estimation of maximum inclusion size and fatigue strength in high-strength ADF1 steel. Material. Science and Engineering A 394 (2005) 126–131.
7. Lipiński T., Wach A.: The Effect of Fine Non-Metallic Inclusions on The Fatigue Strength of Structural Steel. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 60 (1) (2015) 65-69. Web of Science
8. Wołczyński W., Guzik E. Wajda W. Jedrzejczyk D. Kania B., Kostrzewa M.: Cet In Solidifying Roll – Thermal Gradient Field Analysis. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 57 (2012) 105-117. Web of Science
9. Ulewicz R., Novy F., Selejdak J. Fatigue Strength of Ductile Iron in Ultra-High Cycle Regime. Advanced Materials Research 874 (2014) 43-48.
10. Roiko A., Hänninen H., Vuorikari H.: Anisotropic distribution of non-metallic inclusions in a forged steel roll and its influence on fatigue limit, International Journal of Fatigue 41 (2012) 158–167. Web of Science CrossRef
11. Murakami Y., Endo M.: Effects of defects, inclusions and inhomogenities on fatigue strength, International Journal of Fatigue 16 (3) (1994) 163–82. CrossRef
12. Wang Y., Yang J., Bao Y.: Effects of Non-metallic Inclusions on Machinability of Free-Cutting Steels Investigated by Nano-Indentation Measurements. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 46A (2015) 281-292. Web of Science
13. Lipiński T., Wach A.: The effect of the production process of medium-carbon steel on fatigue strength. Archives of Foundry Engineering 10(2) (2010) 79-82.
14. Ryś J.: Stereologia materiałów (Stereology of materials). FOTOBIT DESIGN, Kraków (in Polish) (1995).
15. Lipiński T., Wach A.: Influence of Outside Furnace Treatment on Purity Medium Carbon Steel. Proc. 23rd Intern. Conf. on Metallurgy and Materials Metal 2014 Brno TANGER Ltd., Ostrava Czech (2014), pp. 738-743.
DOI :
Cytuj : Mierzejewska, Ż. A. ,Markowicz, W. ,Czupryński, A. ,Lipiński, T. ,Wach, A. ,Detyna, E. , Influence of large non-metallic inclusions on bending fatigue strength hardened and tempered steels. Advances in Materials Science Vol.15, nr 3(45)/2015

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Influence of large non-metallic inclusions on bending fatigue strength hardened and tempered steels

Authors :
Mierzejewska, Ż. A.
Bialystok University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Biomedical Engineering, ul. Wiejska 45C, 15-351 Bialystok, Poland, a.mierzejewska@doktoranci.pb.edu.pl,
Markowicz, W.
Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Materials Science and Welding, ul. Basanaviciaus 28, 03224 Vilnius, Lithuania, vladislav.markovic@vgtu.lt,
Czupryński, A.
Silesian University of Technology, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, The Chair of Welding, Konarskiego 18A Street,44-100 Gliwice, Poland, artur.czuprynski@polsl.pl,
Lipiński, T.
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Material and Machine Technology, St: Oczapowskiego 11, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland, tomasz.lipinski@uwm.edu.pl,
Wach, A.
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Material and Machine Technology, St: Oczapowskiego 11, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland,
Detyna, E.
University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, The Faculty of Technical Sciences, Department of Material and Machine Technology, St: Oczapowskiego 11, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland,
Abstract : The article discusses the effect of large oxide impurities (a diameter larger than 10 μm in size) on the fatigue resistance of structural steel of high purity during rotary bending. The study was performed on 7 heats produced in an industrial plant. The heats were produced in 140 ton electric furnaces. All heats were desulfurized. The experimental material consisted of semi-finished products of high-grade, carbon structural steel with: manganese, chromium, nickel, molybdenum and boron. Steel sections with a diameter of 18 mm were hardened from austenitizing by 30 minutes in temperature 880°C and tempered at a temperature of 200, 300, 400, 500 and 600°C for 120 minutes and air-cooled. The experimental variants were compared in view of the heat treatment options. Fatigue tests were performed with the use of a rotary bending machine at a frequency of 6000 cpm. The results were statistical processed and presented in graphic form. This paper discusses the results of the relative volume of large impurities, the fatigue strength for various heat processing options.

Keywords : carbon steel, inclusions, non-metalic inclusions, fatigue strength, bending fatigue strength,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2015
Number : Vol.15, nr 3(45)
Page : 33 – 40

Bibliography
: 1. Roiko A., Hänninen H., Vuorikari H.: Anisotropic distribution of non-metallic inclusions in a forged steel roll and its influence on fatigue limit, International Journal of Fatigue 41 (2012) 158-167. Web of Science CrossRef
2. Kocańda S.: Zmęczeniowe pękanie metali (Metal fatigue cracking). WNT Warszawa (in Polish), 1985.
3. Wołczyński W.: Constrained/unconstrained solidification within the massive cast steel/iron ingots. Archives of Foundry Engineering 10 (2010) 195-202.
4. Lipinski T., Wach A.: Non-metallic inclusions structure dimension in high quality steel with medium carbon contents. Archives of Foundry Engineering 3(9) (2009) 75-78.
5. Spriestersbach D., Grad P., Kerscher E.: Influence of different non-metallic inclusion types on the crack initiation in high-strength steels in the VHCF regime, International Journal of Fatigue 64, (2014) 114–120. CrossRef
6. Zhang J. M., Zhang J. F., Yang Z. G., Li G. Y., Yao G., Li S. X., Hui W. J., Weng Y. Q.: Estimation of maximum inclusion size and fatigue strength in high-strength ADF1 steel. Material. Science and Engineering A 394 (2005) 126–131.
7. Lipiński T., Wach A.: The Effect of Fine Non-Metallic Inclusions on The Fatigue Strength of Structural Steel. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 60 (1) (2015) 65-69. Web of Science
8. Wołczyński W., Guzik E. Wajda W. Jedrzejczyk D. Kania B., Kostrzewa M.: Cet In Solidifying Roll – Thermal Gradient Field Analysis. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 57 (2012) 105-117. Web of Science
9. Ulewicz R., Novy F., Selejdak J. Fatigue Strength of Ductile Iron in Ultra-High Cycle Regime. Advanced Materials Research 874 (2014) 43-48.
10. Roiko A., Hänninen H., Vuorikari H.: Anisotropic distribution of non-metallic inclusions in a forged steel roll and its influence on fatigue limit, International Journal of Fatigue 41 (2012) 158–167. Web of Science CrossRef
11. Murakami Y., Endo M.: Effects of defects, inclusions and inhomogenities on fatigue strength, International Journal of Fatigue 16 (3) (1994) 163–82. CrossRef
12. Wang Y., Yang J., Bao Y.: Effects of Non-metallic Inclusions on Machinability of Free-Cutting Steels Investigated by Nano-Indentation Measurements. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A 46A (2015) 281-292. Web of Science
13. Lipiński T., Wach A.: The effect of the production process of medium-carbon steel on fatigue strength. Archives of Foundry Engineering 10(2) (2010) 79-82.
14. Ryś J.: Stereologia materiałów (Stereology of materials). FOTOBIT DESIGN, Kraków (in Polish) (1995).
15. Lipiński T., Wach A.: Influence of Outside Furnace Treatment on Purity Medium Carbon Steel. Proc. 23rd Intern. Conf. on Metallurgy and Materials Metal 2014 Brno TANGER Ltd., Ostrava Czech (2014), pp. 738-743.
DOI :
Qute : Mierzejewska, Ż. A. ,Markowicz, W. ,Czupryński, A. ,Lipiński, T. ,Wach, A. ,Detyna, E. ,Detyna, E. , Influence of large non-metallic inclusions on bending fatigue strength hardened and tempered steels. Advances in Materials Science Vol.15, nr 3(45)/2015
[Top]

Characterization of interfacial friction in orthogonal cutting when using heat isolating coatings.

Czasopismo : Advances in Manufacturing Science and Technology
Tytuł artykułu : Characterization of interfacial friction in orthogonal cutting when using heat isolating coatings.

Autorzy :
Grzesik, W.
Technical University of Opole, Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Production Automation, ul. Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271 Opole,
Abstrakty : This paper provides a comprehensive knowledge on the frictional bahaviour exhibited during the cutting process resulting from the influence of so-called heat isolating coatings deposited on a WC-Co carbide substrate. For this purpose orthogonal end-turning tests with medium carbon and austenitic stainless steels when using tools treated with both multilayer coatings with intermediate Al2O3 ceramic layer and a monolayer (Ti,Al)N hard film, were performed. As a result, the fundamental frictional characteristics the friction force, the mean friction coefficient, the specific frictional energy and the corresponding thermal effects, the everage interface temperature and the frictional heat flux were determined. The mechanical, energy-based and thermal approaches to the frictional behaviour occurring in the carbide/ceramic coating-steel tribo-pairs were distinguished and quantified in terms of the process variables.

W pracy omówiono możliwe rodzaje tarcia podczas skrawania ortogonalnego stali węglowej i austenitycznej ostrzami pokrywanymi twardymi warstwami o zwiększonej izolacji cieplnej. Badano ostrza z trój– i czterowarstwowymi powłokami z przejściową warstwą ceramiczną oraz monowarstwą (Ti,Al)N. Dokonano analizy modyfikacji procesu tarcia na podstawie zmian pola i długości styku, siły i współczynnika tarcia, energii właściwej tarcia oraz temperatury kontaktowej i strumienia ciepła tarcia. Wykazano istotne zmiany mechanicznego, energetycznego i cieplnego charakteru warunków kontaktu w strefie styku substrat/powłoka-wiór prowadzące do zmniejszenia tarcia.

Słowa kluczowe : skrawanie, stal, powłoka cieplnoizolacyjna, tarcie, skrawanie ortogonalne, stal austenityczna, stal węglowa, cutting, steel, heat isolating coating, friction, orthogonal cutting, austenitic steel, carbon steel,
Wydawnictwo : Komitet Budowy Maszyn PAN
Rocznik : 2003
Numer : Vol. 27, nr 2
Strony : 5 – 16
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Grzesik, W. , Characterization of interfacial friction in orthogonal cutting when using heat isolating coatings.. Advances in Manufacturing Science and Technology Vol. 27, nr 2/2003
[Top]

PL Charakterystyka tarcia w strefie kontaktu podczas skrawania ortogonalnego ostrzami z powłokami o zwiększonej izolacji cieplnej.

Journal : Advances in Manufacturing Science and Technology
Article : Characterization of interfacial friction in orthogonal cutting when using heat isolating coatings.

Authors :
Grzesik, W.
Technical University of Opole, Department of Manufacturing Engineering and Production Automation, ul. Mikołajczyka 5, 45-271 Opole,
Abstract : This paper provides a comprehensive knowledge on the frictional bahaviour exhibited during the cutting process resulting from the influence of so-called heat isolating coatings deposited on a WC-Co carbide substrate. For this purpose orthogonal end-turning tests with medium carbon and austenitic stainless steels when using tools treated with both multilayer coatings with intermediate Al2O3 ceramic layer and a monolayer (Ti,Al)N hard film, were performed. As a result, the fundamental frictional characteristics the friction force, the mean friction coefficient, the specific frictional energy and the corresponding thermal effects, the everage interface temperature and the frictional heat flux were determined. The mechanical, energy-based and thermal approaches to the frictional behaviour occurring in the carbide/ceramic coating-steel tribo-pairs were distinguished and quantified in terms of the process variables.

W pracy omówiono możliwe rodzaje tarcia podczas skrawania ortogonalnego stali węglowej i austenitycznej ostrzami pokrywanymi twardymi warstwami o zwiększonej izolacji cieplnej. Badano ostrza z trój– i czterowarstwowymi powłokami z przejściową warstwą ceramiczną oraz monowarstwą (Ti,Al)N. Dokonano analizy modyfikacji procesu tarcia na podstawie zmian pola i długości styku, siły i współczynnika tarcia, energii właściwej tarcia oraz temperatury kontaktowej i strumienia ciepła tarcia. Wykazano istotne zmiany mechanicznego, energetycznego i cieplnego charakteru warunków kontaktu w strefie styku substrat/powłoka-wiór prowadzące do zmniejszenia tarcia.

Keywords : skrawanie, stal, powłoka cieplnoizolacyjna, tarcie, skrawanie ortogonalne, stal austenityczna, stal węglowa, cutting, steel, heat isolating coating, friction, orthogonal cutting, austenitic steel, carbon steel,
Publishing house : Komitet Budowy Maszyn PAN
Publication date : 2003
Number : Vol. 27, nr 2
Page : 5 – 16

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Grzesik, W. ,Grzesik, W. , Characterization of interfacial friction in orthogonal cutting when using heat isolating coatings.. Advances in Manufacturing Science and Technology Vol. 27, nr 2/2003
[Top]

Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Czasopismo : Advances in Materials Science
Tytuł artykułu : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Autorzy :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstrakty : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Słowa kluczowe : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Wydawnictwo : Politechnika Gdańska
Rocznik : 2001
Numer : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Strony : 46 – 52
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : 46 – 52

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Czasopismo : Advances in Materials Science
Tytuł artykułu : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Autorzy :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstrakty : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Słowa kluczowe : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Wydawnictwo : Politechnika Gdańska
Rocznik : 2001
Numer : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Strony : –
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]