Tag: sulphide corrosion

Influence of sulphur on high temperature degradation of steel structures in the refinery industry

Czasopismo : Advances in Materials Science
Tytuł artykułu : Influence of sulphur on high temperature degradation of steel structures in the refinery industry

Autorzy :
Dyl, T.
Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Marine Engineering, Department of Marine Materials and Repair Technology, Gdynia, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Gdańsk University of Technology Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstrakty : This paper reviews sulphidation behaviour of steel structures in the refinery industry. The data presented are related to two aspects of the corrosion. One aspect refers to external degradation of the structures due to formation of sulphide scales on the steel surface and metal losses; another is connected with internal degradation, i.e. changes of steel microstructure and formation of internal corrosion products. The so-called modified McConomy curves, and the Couper-Gorman curves used to predict corrosion rates of steels in hydrogen-free refinery streams, and hydrogen-containing environments are shown. Decreased stability of carbides in steel due to the presence of sulphur on the steel surface is considered, and a role of hydrogen in this process is outlined.

Słowa kluczowe : refinery industry, steel structures, sulphide corrosion, microstructure degradation,
Wydawnictwo : Politechnika Gdańska
Rocznik : 2006
Numer : Vol. 6, nr 1
Strony : 16 – 25
Bibliografia : 1. Corrosion in the PetrochemicalIndustry. (Ed. L. Gawerick). ASM International, Materials Park OH, 1995.
2. White R.A., Ehmke E.F., Materials Selection for Refineries and Associated Facilities, National Association of Corrosion Enginecrs, Houston, Texas, 1991.
3. Foroulis Z.A., High temperaturę degradation of structurat materials in environments encountered in the petroleum and petrochemical industries: Some mechanistic observations, Anti-Corrosion 32 (1985),pp. 4-9.
4. Gutzeit J., High temperaturę sulfldic corrosion of steels, in Process Industry Corrosion – The Theory and Practice, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1986.
5. McConomy H.F., High-temperature sulfldic corrosion in hydrogen-free environrnent, Proceedings API Vol. 43 (III), Washington D.C.: API 1963, pp. 78-96.
6. Phiel R.L., Correlation of corrosion in a crude distillation unit with chemistry of the crudes, Corrosion, 16(1960), pp. 139-141.
7. Couper A.S., Dravnieks A., High temperaturę corrosion by catalytically formed hydrogen sulflde, Corrosion, 18(1962),pp. 291 t-298t.
8. Couper A.S., High temperaturę mercaptan corrosion of steels, Corrosion, 19 (1963), pp. 3961-4011.
9. NACE Technical Committee Reports, Publication 56-7: Collection and correlation ofhigh temperature hydrogen sulfide corrosion data, Sorrel G., Hoyt W.B., Corrosion, 12 (1956), pp. 213t-234t.
10. NACE Technical Committee Reports, Publication 57-3: High temperaturę sulflde corrosion in catalytic reforming of light naphthas, Corrosion, 13 (1957), pp. 37t-42t.
11. Couper A.S., Gorman J.W., Computer correlations to estimate high temperaturę H,S corrosion in refinery streams, Materials Protection and Performance, 10 (1971), pp. 31-37.
12. Hucińska J., Degradation of steels in refinery furnace environments, Politechnika Gdańska, Gdańsk 2003.
13. Baker K.C., Prediction toolsfor sulfldic corrosion, Materials Performance, 40 (2001), pp. 62-65.
14. Detemple I., Hanuś F., Luxenburger G., Advanced steels for hydrogen reactors, Hydrocarbor Engineering, 4(1999), pp. 1-8.
15. Antalfy L.P., Cbaku P.N., US perspective of modern hydroprocessing reactor metallurgy, Hydrocarbor Technology International, Cjuaterly, Spring 1996, pp. 39-48.
16. Bayer G.T., Vapor aluminum diffused steels for high-temperature corrosion resistance, Materials Performance, 34 (1995), pp. 34-38.
17. Weinbaum M.J., McGill W.A., Alonizing to prevent corrosion in the HPI sulfur recovery plant, Proc International Conference Sulfur 87, Houston, Texas 1987, British Sulphur 1987.
18. Hucińska J., Wilczewski L., Dobór materiału na rury modernizowanego pieca 500-F1 w instalacj, hydroodsiarczania olejów napadowych Rafinerii Gdańskiej SA, Politechnika Gdańska, Wydz Mechaniczny, Gdańsk 1997.
19. Gesmundo F., Yiani F., Znamirowski W., Godlewski K., Bregani F., The corrosion ofiron and ofthrei commercial steels in HrH3S and HrH2S-CO, gaś matures al 400-700°C, Werkstoffe und Korrosion 43(1992), pp. 83-95.
20. Haycock E., High-temperature sulflding ofiron alloys in hydrogen sulfide-hydrogen mixtures, Journa of the Electrochemical Society, 106 (1959), pp. 764-771.
21. McCoy J.D., Hamel F.B., Effect of hydrodesulfurizing process variables on corrosion rates, Materiał; Protection and Performance, 10 (1971), pp. 17-22.
22. McCoy J.D., Corrosion rates for H £ et elevated temperatures in refinery hydrodesulfurization process Materials Performance, 14(1974), pp. 19-25.
23. Schulte M., Rahmel A., Schutze M., The sulfidation behavior of several commercial ferritic am austenitic steels, Oxidation of Metals, 41 (1998), pp. 33-70.
24. Hucińska J., In-service degradation of refinery furnace tubes. The European Corrosion Congres. Eurocorr2003, European Federation of Corrosion, Budapest, Hungary 2003. Proc. CD-ROM.
25. Hucińska J., Dampc J., Effects ofcoking and decoking on characteristics of5Cr-0,5Mo steel in refiner furnace environment, The European Corrosion Congress Eurocorr 2003, European Federation o Corrosion, Lisbon 2005. Proc. CD-ROM.
26. GrabkełU., Metal dustingof Iow- and high-alloy steels, Corrosion, 51 (1995), pp. 711-720.
27. Schneider A., Yiefhaus H., Inden G., Grabke H.J., Muler-Lorenz E.M., Influence of H2S on meta dusting, Materials and Corrosion, 49 (1998), pp. 336-339.
28. Goldschmidt H.J., Interstitial alloys, Butterworths, London 1967.
DOI :
Cytuj : Dyl, T. ,Hucińska, J. , Influence of sulphur on high temperature degradation of steel structures in the refinery industry. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 6, nr 1/2006

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Influence of sulphur on high temperature degradation of steel structures in the refinery industry

Authors :
Dyl, T.
Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Marine Engineering, Department of Marine Materials and Repair Technology, Gdynia, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Gdańsk University of Technology Department of Materials Science and Engineering Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : This paper reviews sulphidation behaviour of steel structures in the refinery industry. The data presented are related to two aspects of the corrosion. One aspect refers to external degradation of the structures due to formation of sulphide scales on the steel surface and metal losses; another is connected with internal degradation, i.e. changes of steel microstructure and formation of internal corrosion products. The so-called modified McConomy curves, and the Couper-Gorman curves used to predict corrosion rates of steels in hydrogen-free refinery streams, and hydrogen-containing environments are shown. Decreased stability of carbides in steel due to the presence of sulphur on the steel surface is considered, and a role of hydrogen in this process is outlined.

Keywords : refinery industry, steel structures, sulphide corrosion, microstructure degradation,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2006
Number : Vol. 6, nr 1
Page : 16 – 25

Bibliography
: 1. Corrosion in the PetrochemicalIndustry. (Ed. L. Gawerick). ASM International, Materials Park OH, 1995.
2. White R.A., Ehmke E.F., Materials Selection for Refineries and Associated Facilities, National Association of Corrosion Enginecrs, Houston, Texas, 1991.
3. Foroulis Z.A., High temperaturę degradation of structurat materials in environments encountered in the petroleum and petrochemical industries: Some mechanistic observations, Anti-Corrosion 32 (1985),pp. 4-9.
4. Gutzeit J., High temperaturę sulfldic corrosion of steels, in Process Industry Corrosion – The Theory and Practice, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1986.
5. McConomy H.F., High-temperature sulfldic corrosion in hydrogen-free environrnent, Proceedings API Vol. 43 (III), Washington D.C.: API 1963, pp. 78-96.
6. Phiel R.L., Correlation of corrosion in a crude distillation unit with chemistry of the crudes, Corrosion, 16(1960), pp. 139-141.
7. Couper A.S., Dravnieks A., High temperaturę corrosion by catalytically formed hydrogen sulflde, Corrosion, 18(1962),pp. 291 t-298t.
8. Couper A.S., High temperaturę mercaptan corrosion of steels, Corrosion, 19 (1963), pp. 3961-4011.
9. NACE Technical Committee Reports, Publication 56-7: Collection and correlation ofhigh temperature hydrogen sulfide corrosion data, Sorrel G., Hoyt W.B., Corrosion, 12 (1956), pp. 213t-234t.
10. NACE Technical Committee Reports, Publication 57-3: High temperaturę sulflde corrosion in catalytic reforming of light naphthas, Corrosion, 13 (1957), pp. 37t-42t.
11. Couper A.S., Gorman J.W., Computer correlations to estimate high temperaturę H,S corrosion in refinery streams, Materials Protection and Performance, 10 (1971), pp. 31-37.
12. Hucińska J., Degradation of steels in refinery furnace environments, Politechnika Gdańska, Gdańsk 2003.
13. Baker K.C., Prediction toolsfor sulfldic corrosion, Materials Performance, 40 (2001), pp. 62-65.
14. Detemple I., Hanuś F., Luxenburger G., Advanced steels for hydrogen reactors, Hydrocarbor Engineering, 4(1999), pp. 1-8.
15. Antalfy L.P., Cbaku P.N., US perspective of modern hydroprocessing reactor metallurgy, Hydrocarbor Technology International, Cjuaterly, Spring 1996, pp. 39-48.
16. Bayer G.T., Vapor aluminum diffused steels for high-temperature corrosion resistance, Materials Performance, 34 (1995), pp. 34-38.
17. Weinbaum M.J., McGill W.A., Alonizing to prevent corrosion in the HPI sulfur recovery plant, Proc International Conference Sulfur 87, Houston, Texas 1987, British Sulphur 1987.
18. Hucińska J., Wilczewski L., Dobór materiału na rury modernizowanego pieca 500-F1 w instalacj, hydroodsiarczania olejów napadowych Rafinerii Gdańskiej SA, Politechnika Gdańska, Wydz Mechaniczny, Gdańsk 1997.
19. Gesmundo F., Yiani F., Znamirowski W., Godlewski K., Bregani F., The corrosion ofiron and ofthrei commercial steels in HrH3S and HrH2S-CO, gaś matures al 400-700°C, Werkstoffe und Korrosion 43(1992), pp. 83-95.
20. Haycock E., High-temperature sulflding ofiron alloys in hydrogen sulfide-hydrogen mixtures, Journa of the Electrochemical Society, 106 (1959), pp. 764-771.
21. McCoy J.D., Hamel F.B., Effect of hydrodesulfurizing process variables on corrosion rates, Materiał; Protection and Performance, 10 (1971), pp. 17-22.
22. McCoy J.D., Corrosion rates for H £ et elevated temperatures in refinery hydrodesulfurization process Materials Performance, 14(1974), pp. 19-25.
23. Schulte M., Rahmel A., Schutze M., The sulfidation behavior of several commercial ferritic am austenitic steels, Oxidation of Metals, 41 (1998), pp. 33-70.
24. Hucińska J., In-service degradation of refinery furnace tubes. The European Corrosion Congres. Eurocorr2003, European Federation of Corrosion, Budapest, Hungary 2003. Proc. CD-ROM.
25. Hucińska J., Dampc J., Effects ofcoking and decoking on characteristics of5Cr-0,5Mo steel in refiner furnace environment, The European Corrosion Congress Eurocorr 2003, European Federation o Corrosion, Lisbon 2005. Proc. CD-ROM.
26. GrabkełU., Metal dustingof Iow- and high-alloy steels, Corrosion, 51 (1995), pp. 711-720.
27. Schneider A., Yiefhaus H., Inden G., Grabke H.J., Muler-Lorenz E.M., Influence of H2S on meta dusting, Materials and Corrosion, 49 (1998), pp. 336-339.
28. Goldschmidt H.J., Interstitial alloys, Butterworths, London 1967.
DOI :
Qute : Dyl, T. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Influence of sulphur on high temperature degradation of steel structures in the refinery industry. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 6, nr 1/2006
[Top]

Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Czasopismo : Advances in Materials Science
Tytuł artykułu : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Autorzy :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstrakty : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Słowa kluczowe : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Wydawnictwo : Politechnika Gdańska
Rocznik : 2001
Numer : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Strony : 46 – 52
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : 46 – 52

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Czasopismo : Advances in Materials Science
Tytuł artykułu : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Autorzy :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstrakty : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Słowa kluczowe : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Wydawnictwo : Politechnika Gdańska
Rocznik : 2001
Numer : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Strony : –
Bibliografia :
DOI :
Cytuj : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
[Top]

Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
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Journal : Advances in Materials Science
Article : Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment

Authors :
Davies, H.A.
Department of Engineering Materials, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom,
Pomogailo, A.D.
Institute of Problem of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Cher-nogolovka, Russia,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Gireń, B.G.
Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Science, Poland,
Hucińska, J.
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Gdańsk, Poland,
Abstract : Characteristics of sulphide corrosion products in K18 carbon steel after 11 years of service in a low-sulphur refinery furnace environment have been examined in order to better understand the mechanism of sulphur-related damage to the steel. Optical microscope and scanning/transmission electron microscopes techniques have been involved in the study. Four types of the corrosion products of different morphology and origin have been presented: (1) iron sulphide scale on the steel surface, (2) sulphur-rich particles at ferrite grain boundaries, (3) degraded sulphur-enriched cementite particles at other ferrite grain boundaries and similar particles within pear-lite grains, and (4) irregular iron sulphide inclusions in the subsurface metal layer that were not-related to the boundaries of the grains.

Keywords : sulphide corrosion, steel test, carbon steel, sulphur-related damage, iron sulphide scale,
Publishing house : Politechnika Gdańska
Publication date : 2001
Number : Vol. 1, nr 1(1)
Page : –

Bibliography
:
DOI :
Qute : Davies, H.A. ,Pomogailo, A.D. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Gireń, B.G. ,Hucińska, J. ,Hucińska, J. , Sulphide corrosion products in carbon steel after prolonged service in low-sulphur refinery environment. Advances in Materials Science Vol. 1, nr 1(1)/2001
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